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1984 Biman Bangladesh Airlines Fokker F27 crash

On 5 August 1984, a Biman Bangladesh Airlines Fokker F27-600 crashed into a marsh near Zia International Airport (now Shahjalal International Airport) in Dhaka, Bangladesh while landing in poor weather.[1] The aircraft was performing a scheduled domestic passenger flight between Patenga Airport, Chittagong and Zia International Airport, Dhaka.[1]

1984 Biman Bangladesh Airlines Fokker F27 crash
Fokker F27-600 S2-ABJ B Biman Dum Dum 08 09 74 edited-4.jpg
The accident aircraft in 1974, ten years prior to the accident.
Date5 August 1984
SummaryControlled flight into terrain[1] due to bad weather[2]
Sitenear Zia International Airport
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Aircraft typeFokker F27-600
OperatorBiman Bangladesh Airlines
Flight originPatenga Airport
DestinationZia International Airport

With a total death toll of 49 people, it is the deadliest aviation disaster to occur on Bangladeshi soil and also the airline's worst accident.[3]



The aircraft, a Fokker F27-600 registered S2-ABJ, was manufactured in 1971.[1] It first flew for Indian Airlines but it was given to Biman in 1972, as a part of all the support given to Bangladesh by the Government of India following Bangladesh's Independence. At the time of the accident, the aircraft had flown more than 24,000 cycles and more than 15,500 airframe hours.[1]

Passengers and crewEdit

There were a total of 45 passengers and 4 crew members on board the flight, all of whom perished in the crash. There was one Briton and one Japanese among the passengers, and the rest of the passengers and crews were Bangladeshi. Thirty three of the passengers were traveling to Dhaka to catch connecting flights to the Middle East.[3]

The captain of the flight was Mr. Kayes Ahmed Majumdar, an experienced pilot by the time of the accident. He had logged 5000 flying hours. The co-pilot was Kaniz Fatema Roksana, who was also known as the first female commercial pilot of Bangladesh.[4]


The weather conditions in Dhaka were poor on the day of the accident; there was turbulence and heavy rain made visibility very poor.[2] Amid these conditions, the crew first attempted a VOR approach to Zia International Airport's runway 32. As the runway was not spotted by either crew member, a missed approach was executed. The crew then tried an ILS approach on runway 14 of the same airport, but a missed approach had to be executed again as both pilots had failed to spot the runway once again. On the crew's third approach (second on runway 14), the plane got too low while it was still several hundred meters from the runway but neither crew member realized this (due to the poor visibility) and the plane crashed into a swamp about 550 meters short of the runway.[a][1]


  1. ^ It was also stated that the aircraft crashed beyond the runway, but considering the crash location (north west of Dhaka) and the fact that the flight was approaching runway 14 of DAC (approach is from north west of Dhaka city), it is clear that the plane crashed short of the runway and not beyond it.


  1. ^ a b c d e f Accident description for S2-ABJ at the Aviation Safety Network
  2. ^ a b "Commercial flight safety: 1984 reviewed – Fatal accidents: scheduled passenger flights" (PDF). Flight International: 35. 26 January 1985. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b "AROUND THE WORLD; 49 Die in Bangladesh As Plane Plunges". The New York Times. 6 August 1984. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Breaking the Glass Ceiling". Retrieved 23 June 2015.