1983 World Series
The 1983 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1983 season. The 80th edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff played between the American League champion Baltimore Orioles and the National League champion Philadelphia Phillies. The Orioles won, four games to one. "The I-95 Series", like the World Series two years later, also took its nickname from the interstate that the teams and fans traveled on, Interstate 95 in this case. This was the last World Series that Bowie Kuhn presided over as commissioner.
|1983 World Series|
|MVP||Rick Dempsey (Baltimore)|
|Umpires||Marty Springstead (AL), Ed Vargo (NL), Al Clark (AL), Frank Pulli (NL), Steve Palermo (AL), Dutch Rennert (NL)|
|Hall of Famers||Orioles: |
Cal Ripken, Jr.
|TV announcers||Al Michaels, Howard Cosell, and Earl Weaver|
|Radio announcers||Jack Buck and Sparky Anderson (CBS)|
Jon Miller and Tom Marr (WFBR)
Harry Kalas, Andy Musser, Richie Ashburn and Chris Wheeler (WCAU)
|ALCS||Baltimore Orioles over Chicago White Sox (3–1)|
|NLCS||Philadelphia Phillies over Los Angeles Dodgers (3–1)|
This is Baltimore's most recent World Series championship, and also their most recent appearance in a World Series.
This was the first World Series since 1956 in which the teams did not use air travel, as Baltimore and Philadelphia are approximately 100 miles (160 km) apart.
The Orioles were led by first-year manager Joe Altobelli, who succeeded Earl Weaver; Weaver retired to the broadcast booth after a 16-year managerial run from 1968 to 1982. Altobelli inherited a lineup led by first baseman Eddie Murray (.306 BA, 33 HR, 111 RBI), who finished second in the 1983 MVP voting, and shortstop Cal Ripken, Jr. (.318 BA, 27 HR, 102 RBI), who out-pointed Murray, 322–290, and won the 1983 MVP. Veteran outfielder Ken Singleton settled into the DH role, while the rest of the team was a corps of platoon players. The Orioles finished first in the AL in team home runs (168); first in OBP (.340); and second in runs, doubles, and walks.
After winning 15 games in 1982, 37-year-old pitcher Jim Palmer started only 11 games in 1983, winning five and losing four. He won one game in this World Series and would be released by the O's at the beginning of 1984 after struggling early, retiring shortly afterwards. A younger staff headed by 18-game winner Scott McGregor (18–7, 3.18 ERA) and 25-year-old Mike Boddicker (16–8, 2.77) were flanked by 21-year-old Storm Davis (13–7, 3.59) and veteran Mike Flanagan (12–4, 3.30). Reliever Tippy Martinez posted a career high with 21 saves, while Sammy Stewart added nine wins out of the bullpen as the O's pitching led the AL in shutouts (15) and was second in wins (98) and ERA (3.63).
The average age of the players on the Phillies' roster was 32 years. They were aptly nicknamed the "Wheeze Kids," a contrast to the 1950 Phillies team whose average age of 26 years earned them the moniker "Whiz Kids." Sports writers in Philadelphia joked at the time that this older team emphasized the veteran in their home ballpark, Veterans Stadium. The Phillies were trying to win Philadelphia its second World Title of the year as the Philadelphia 76ers had won the NBA Title back in June, as well as their second championship in four seasons — having won the 1980 World Series.
Joining 42-year-old first baseman Pete Rose were his Cincinnati Reds teammates from the "Big Red Machine" era, first baseman Tony Pérez (age 41) and second baseman Joe Morgan (age 39). The team was led offensively by 33-year-old Mike Schmidt, who would have another MVP-type year with 40 home runs and 109 RBIs. No other teammate would hit over 16 home runs (Morgan) or drive in over 64 runs (catcher Bo Díaz).
Although veteran pitcher Steve Carlton won his 300th major league game during the regular season, he actually had a mediocre year at 15–16 — his first losing season since 1973 when his record was 13–20. In his first full season with Philadelphia, John Denny would win the Cy Young Award with a league leading 19–6 record, and a 2.37 ERA, winning 13 of his last 14 decisions. Closer Al Holland would finish second in the league with 25 saves and win the NL Rolaids Relief Award. A pair of relief pitchers, 40-year-old Ron Reed and 38-year-old Tug McGraw, were on the active roster but McGraw would not see any World Series action.
The Phillies outpaced their intrastate rivals, the Pittsburgh Pirates, by six games to win their fifth National League East division title in eight years. This was followed by a three-games-to-one victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers in the National League Championship Series. It was only the fourth league championship for the Phillies in franchise history.
|1||October 11||Philadelphia Phillies – 2, Baltimore Orioles – 1||Memorial Stadium||2:22||52,204|
|2||October 12||Philadelphia Phillies – 1, Baltimore Orioles – 4||Memorial Stadium||2:27||52,132|
|3||October 14||Baltimore Orioles – 3, Philadelphia Phillies – 2||Veterans Stadium||2:35||65,792|
|4||October 15||Baltimore Orioles – 5, Philadelphia Phillies – 4||Veterans Stadium||2:50||66,947|
|5||October 16||Baltimore Orioles – 5, Philadelphia Phillies – 0||Veterans Stadium||2:21||67,064|
|WP: John Denny (1–0) LP: Scott McGregor (0–1) Sv: Al Holland (1)|
PHI: Joe Morgan (1), Garry Maddox (1)
BAL: Jim Dwyer (1)
Phillies starter John Denny gave up a first-inning homer to Jim Dwyer, but that would be it for the Orioles as 40-year-old Joe Morgan tied it with a home run in the sixth off Scott McGregor. Morgan became the second-oldest man to hit a home run in the World Series (Enos Slaughter was just a few months older than Morgan when he hit one for the New York Yankees in the 1956 World Series). Garry Maddox led off the eighth with a home run off McGregor for the final margin. Denny got the win with relief help from ace Al Holland.
The top of the seventh inning of Game 1 was delayed due to Howard Cosell's (in what would be his last World Series assignment; he was removed by ABC before the next World Series the network carried in 1985) interview with President Reagan on ABC. Some observers (such as author and journalist George Will) believe that the delay ultimately made McGregor cold to the point of him giving up the home run to Maddox. McGregor would eventually redeem himself as he was the winning pitcher (in a complete game) in the clinching Game 5. Ronald Reagan's visit marked the 12th time that a Chief Executive had attended a World Series game.
The Orioles' loss in Game 1 marked the first time in six World Series that they had lost the first game.
|WP: Mike Boddicker (1–0) LP: Charles Hudson (0–1)|
BAL: John Lowenstein (1)
Boddicker went the distance, striking out six and walking no one. He allowed only three hits and one run, a fourth-inning sacrifice fly by Joe Lefebvre. The O's got their runs in the fifth on a John Lowenstein homer, a Rick Dempsey RBI double, and a sacrifice fly by Boddicker, helping his own cause. Cal Ripken added an RBI single in the seventh.
When the Phillies benched Pete Rose in favor of Tony Pérez in Game 3, it ended a streak in which Rose played every inning of his 59 previous postseason games. This would be the final postseason game ever played at Memorial Stadium.
|WP: Jim Palmer (1–0) LP: Steve Carlton (0–1) Sv: Tippy Martinez (1)|
BAL: Dan Ford (1)
PHI: Gary Matthews (1), Joe Morgan (2)
Steve Carlton became the first 300-game winner to pitch in a World Series in 55 years (Grover Cleveland Alexander was the last). Carlton shut out the Orioles through five innings, buoyed by homers from Gary Matthews and Joe Morgan. The Orioles cut the lead to one in the sixth on a homer by Dan Ford.
In the bottom of the sixth, the Phillies had two on and two outs with Carlton coming up to bat. Phillie manager Paul Owens went to the on-deck circle to chat with Carlton about staying in the game. Carlton said he was fine, but struck out for the final out.
Carlton looked to be cruising with two outs in the seventh, but Rick Dempsey belted a double and went to third on a wild pitch. Benny Ayala pinch-hit and singled home Dempsey to tie it. Al Holland relieved Carlton to try to close out the inning, but John Shelby singled Ayala to put runners at first and second. Ayala scored the go-ahead run from second on an error by shortstop Iván DeJesús on a ball hit by Ford.
Long-time Oriole pitching hero Jim Palmer got the win in relief as he, Sammy Stewart, and Tippy Martinez pitched six shutout innings in relief of Mike Flanagan. This win by Palmer, along with his first World Series win in 1966, marks the longest span (17 years) over World Series wins for an individual pitcher in major league history. Jim Palmer's win in Game 3 made him the only pitcher to win a World Series game in three different decades. Palmer is also, the only man to have played with the Orioles in each of their World Series appearances (1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1979, and 1983). With Palmer and Carlton earning the decisions, this was the last World Series game in which both the winning and losing pitcher were in the Hall of Fame until 1992.
It was the first World Series game in which three Cy Young Award winners, Carlton, Palmer and Orioles' starter Mike Flanagan, pitched. This would not happen again until Game 1 of the 2012 Series, when Barry Zito, Tim Lincecum and Justin Verlander appeared.
|WP: Storm Davis (1–0) LP: John Denny (1–1) Sv: Tippy Martinez (2)|
Rich Dauer broke a scoreless tie by singling in two runs in the fourth off John Denny. The Phillies came back in the fourth off Storm Davis with an RBI double by Joe Lefebvre and took the lead in the fifth on an RBI single by Denny and an RBI double by Pete Rose.
In the top of the sixth with one out, John Lowenstein singled and Dauer doubled him to third. O's manager Joe Altobelli then sent Joe Nolan, the first of four consecutive pinch-hitters, to the plate. Phils reliever Willie Hernández walked Nolan to load the bases. The next pinch-hitter, Ken Singleton, walked as well to force in Lowenstein with the tying run. Finally, John Shelby, hitting for Storm Davis, hit a sacrifice fly to put the O's ahead 4–3.
The Orioles added an insurance run in the seventh on an RBI single by Dauer, who would collect three hits and three RBIs. The Phillies would get no closer than a single run in the ninth, as Tippy Martinez got his second save of the series.
This is the last World Series game with a scheduled daytime start played under sunny skies. Game 4 of the 1984 World Series was played under overcast skies at Tiger Stadium, and game 6 of the 1987 World Series (last World Series game with a daytime start) was played indoors at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome.
|WP: Scott McGregor (1–1) LP: Charles Hudson (0–2)|
BAL: Eddie Murray 2 (2), Rick Dempsey (1)
Throughout this series, both teams' big gun hitters had been held in check. Mike Schmidt was 1 for 16, while Eddie Murray was 2 for 16. In this game, however, Murray snapped out of it by belting two home runs and driving in three runs. Rick Dempsey, who would be named MVP, also homered and doubled and scored two runs. Scott McGregor pitched a complete game, five-hit shutout to give the Orioles the championship. It was Cal Ripken, Jr. who made the final putout of the series.
The Phillies finished this Series with a team batting average of .195, with no one having a worse Series than Schmidt, going a paltry 1 for 20 (.050 batting average) and overall the lowest average for a World Series team since the 1974 Oakland Athletics. The winning Orioles hit only .213 in the series.
The Philadelphia Eagles were originally scheduled to play the Dallas Cowboys on Sunday, October 16, at Veterans Stadium. Because of the scheduling conflict, the Eagles and the Cowboys, who were scheduled for two games against each other because they were in the same division, played on that day on the Cowboys' field, Texas Stadium. (Their other game had been scheduled for November 6 at Texas Stadium, and that game was played at Veterans Stadium.)
|Total attendance: 304,139 Average attendance: 60,828|
Winning player's share: $65,488 Losing player's share: $44,473
Pitcher Larry Andersen was the only person to play for the Phillies in the 1983 World Series and the 1993 World Series against Toronto. Also, this series proved to be Cal Ripken's only World Series appearance even though the Orioles shortstop would become baseball's iron-man as he would surpass Lou Gehrig by playing in his 2,131st consecutive game on September 6, 1995. Ripken would also make it back to the postseason in both the 1996 and 1997 seasons only reaching the ALCS each time. Teammate Eddie Murray would reach the World Series again but the 1995 Cleveland Indians would lose in six games. Storm Davis, John Shelby, and series MVP Rick Dempsey would reach the 1988 World Series, Davis with the Oakland Athletics and Shelby and Dempsey with the Los Angeles Dodgers.
Baltimore became the first visiting team to win Games 3, 4 and 5 since 1961, when the New York Yankees did so vs. the Cincinnati Reds at Crosley Field. This has occurred twice since 1983. One was 1996, when the Yankees again did it, this time against the Atlanta Braves in the final three games played at Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium. The other was 2019, when the Houston Astros did it against the Washington Nationals at Nationals Park, although the Astros became the first team to lose a World Series after winning games 3, 4 and 5 on the road, dropping games 6 and 7 at Minute Maid Park. By comparison, the home team has swept Games 3-5 12 times since 1965.
Quotes from the SeriesEdit
Line drive! Winston catches it and the Orioles are the champions of the world!— Jon Miller calling the final out.
A liner.. and the Orioles are World Champions!— Al Michaels calling the final out on ABC-TV
- team history
- "1983 World Series Game 1 - Philadelphia Phillies vs. Baltimore Orioles". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1983 World Series Game 2 - Philadelphia Phillies vs. Baltimore Orioles". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1983 World Series Game 3 - Baltimore Orioles vs. Philadelphia Phillies". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1983 World Series Game 4 - Baltimore Orioles vs. Philadelphia Phillies". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- "1983 World Series Game 5 - Baltimore Orioles vs. Philadelphia Phillies". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
- Chass, Murray. "Phillies Win Series Opener on Homer by Maddox; Phillies 2 Orioles 1," The New York Times, Wednesday, October 12, 1983. Retrieved November 4, 2020
- Chass, Murray. "Orioles Even Series At 1–1 on 3-Hitter By Boddicker," The New York Times, Thursday, October 13, 1983. Retrieved November 4, 2020
- Durso, Joseph. "Orioles Top Phils on Error in 7th and Take 2–1 Lead," The New York Times, Saturday, October 15, 1983. Retrieved November 4, 2020
- Fiammetta, Mike; Kaplan, Jake (October 25, 2012). "Did you know? World Series Game 1: SF 8, DET 3". MLB.com. Retrieved October 25, 2012.
- Durso, Joseph. "Orioles Beat Phillies, 5–4, to Take 3–1 Lead in Series," The New York Times, Sunday, October 16, 1983. Retrieved November 4, 2020
- Durso, Joseph. "Orioles Defeat Phillies, 5–0, and Win Series," The New York Times, Monday, October 17, 1983. Retrieved November 4, 2020
- Forman, Sean L. "1983 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com - Major League Statistics and Information. Archived from the original on November 30, 2007. Retrieved December 9, 2007.
- 1983 World Series at WorldSeries.com (MLB.com)
- 1983 World Series at Baseball Almanac
- 1983 World Series at Baseball-Reference.com
- The 1983 Post-Season Games (box scores and play-by-play) at Retrosheet
- History of the World Series - 1983 at The SportingNews. Archived from the original on 2008.
- Wulf, Steve. "The Orioles All Pitched In," Sports Illustrated, October 24, 1983.
- Fimrite, Ron. "He Was Moe Than Philly Could Handle," Sports Illustrated, October 24, 1983.
- Looking Back: 1983 World Series, Part 1 at phillies.theinsiders.com
- Looking Back: 1983 World Series, Part 2 at phillies.theinsiders.com
- Looking Back: Phillies Beat LA in 1983 NLCS at phillies.theinsiders.com
- 1983 Baltimore Orioles at baseballlibrary.com
- 1983 Philadelphia Phillies at baseballlibrary.com
- Neft, David S.; Cohen, Richard M. (1990). The World Series (1st ed.). New York: St Martins. pp. 398–401.