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1983 World Rally Championship
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The 1983 World Rally Championship was the 11th season of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) World Rally Championship (WRC). The season consisted of 12 rallies. By this time, the schedule format had become generally stable, with only one or two changes to venues year to year. 1983 brought the return of Argentina to the schedule in place of Brazil. Audi's Hannu Mikkola beat the defending world champion Walter Röhrl and his Lancia teammate Markku Alén to the drivers' title. Lancia captured the manufacturers' title from Audi by just two points.

Contents

SummaryEdit

German Walter Röhrl, champion of the previous year despite his manufacturer's failed bid to capture the title, was tapped to drive for the Martini Racing team along with Finn Markku Alén in the new Lancia Rally 037 car. Audi Sport meanwhile carried forward from its successful title run in 1982 led by the same pair of drivers, Finn Hannu Mikkola and Frenchwoman Michèle Mouton, equipped with the Quattro A1 (later in the season upgrading to the A2 model). The team also future champion Swede Stig Blomqvist. Rothmans Opel Rally Team tapped former champion Finn Ari Vatanen and fellow countryman Henri Toivonen to drive the Ascona 400 during the season.

Competition was fierce both for drivers and manufacturers. The works battle quickly centered on the Audi and Lancia, and over the course of the season the two cars would win 10 of the 12 events and sit on 30 of the year's 36 podium positions. Lancia emerged on top, returning the manufacturer to glory for the first time since the company seized three consecutive titles in the mid-1970s, despite deciding not to participate in last two events. Audi's performance was impressive and the car was improved in the second half of the season, winning three of the final four events to nearly catch the Italian maker (who, of course, withdrew from two last events, leaving Audi with little competition).

Driver competition was no less intense, with both of the Martini team-mates scoring well through the season. However, they were outpaced by Mikkola, who was able to garner four wins and seven podiums to take the title by a healthy margin in the end. However, while Mikkola appeared in all events, Röhrl and Alén only appeared in six and seven events respectively, which gave Mikkola clear path to the title. Martini teammate Blomqvist was impressive, finally winning in the last event of the year to place fourth overall, but Mouton's season was a disappointment, her fifth-place finish well off the pace. The Rothmans team meanwhile suffered an unimpressive season, the lone highlight being Vatanen's win in Kenya. This however would prove to be the team's only podium finish, and Ari himself would finish a distant sixth place on the year.

As with previous seasons, while all 12 events were calculated for tallying the drivers' scores, only 10 of the events applied to the championship for manufacturers. The two events in 1983 which applied only to driver standings were Sweden and the Rallye Côte d'Ivoire.

Teams and driversEdit

Team Constructor Car Tyre Drivers Rounds
  Martini Racing Lancia Rally 037 P   Walter Röhrl 1, 3, 5–7, 10
  Markku Alén 1, 3, 5–6, 8–10
  Jean-Claude Andruet 1, 5
  Adartico Vudafieri 3, 8
  Attilio Bettega 5–7, 10
  Francisco Mayorga 8
  Pentti Airikkala 9
  Audi Sport Audi Quattro A1
Quattro A2
M
P
  Hannu Mikkola All
  Michèle Mouton 1–10, 12
  Stig Blomqvist 1–3, 6–10, 12
  Lasse Lampi 2, 9, 11–12
  Franz Wittmann 3, 6
  Vic Preston Jr 4
  Shekhar Mehta 8
  Rubén Luis di Palma 8
  Bernard Darniche 10
  John Buffum 12
  Rothmans Opel Rally Team Opel Ascona 400
Manta 400
M   Ari Vatanen 1–2, 4, 6, 9–10, 12
  Henri Toivonen 1, 6, 9–10, 12
  Guy Frequelin 1, 5
  Rauno Aaltonen 4
  Jimmy McRae 6, 12
  Phil Colins 12
  Clinton Smith 12
  Alastair Sutherland 12
  Alex Jackson 12
  Renault Elf Renault 5 Turbo M   Jean Ragnotti 1, 5–6
  Jean-Luc Thérier 1, 3, 5
  Bruno Saby 1, 5
  Dany Snobeck 1
  François Chatriot 5
  Team Nissan Europe Nissan 240RS D   Timo Salonen 1, 3–4, 6–7, 9, 12
  Terry Kaby 3
  Shekhar Mehta 4, 6–7
  Mike Kirkland 4
  Jayant Shah 4
  Tony Pond 5
  George Moschous 6
  Reg Cook 7
  Erkki Pitkänen 9
  Peter Geitel 12
  Citroën Competitions Citroën Visa M   Maurice Chomat 1, 3, 6, 12
  Alain Coppier 1, 3, 5–6, 9–10, 12
  Christian Dorche 1–3, 5–6, 12
  Philippe Wambergue 3, 6, 12
  Christian Rio 3, 6, 12
  Mitsubishi Ralliart Mitsubishi Lancer 2000 Turbo Y   Georg Fischer 3, 9
  Harri Toivonen 9, 12
  BMW Motul BMW M1 P   Bernard Béguin 5
  Jolly Club Lancia Rally 037 P   Adartico Vudafieri 5, 10
  Miki Biasion 10
  Tonino Tognana 10
  Toyota Team Europe Toyota Celica TCT P   Björn Waldegård 9, 11–12
  Juha Kankkunen 9, 11–12
  Per Eklund 11
  Pro Motor Sport Ferrari 308 GTB M   Björn Waldegård 10
  Federico Ormezzano 10
  Maurizio Cavalli 10
  GM Dealer Sport Vauxhall Vauxhall Chevette 2300 HSR M   Russell Brookes 12
  Terry Kaby 12
  George Hill 12

EventsEdit

MapEdit

 
Black = Tarmac Brown = Gravel Blue = Snow/Ice Red = Mixed Surface

Schedule and resultsEdit

Round Rally name Stages Podium finishers
Rank Driver Co-driver Car Time
1  
Rallye Automobile Monte Carlo
(22–29 January)
30 stages
709 km
Tarmac
1   Walter Röhrl   Christian Geistdörfer Lancia Rallye 037 7:58:57
2   Markku Alén   Ilkka Kivimäki Lancia Rallye 037 8:05:59
3   Stig Blomqvist   Björn Cederberg Audi Quattro A1 8:10:15
2  
Swedish Rally[1]
(11–13 February)
24 stages
466 km
Snow/Ice
1   Hannu Mikkola   Arne Hertz Audi Quattro A1 4:28:47
2   Stig Blomqvist   Björn Cederberg Audi 80 Quattro 4:29:34
3   Lasse Lampi   Pentti Kuukkala Audi Quattro A1 4:32:51
3  
Rallye de Portugal
(2–5 March)
40 stages
642 km
Gravel/Tarmac
1   Hannu Mikkola   Arne Hertz Audi Quattro A1 7:17:24
2   Michèle Mouton   Fabrizia Pons Audi Quattro A1 7:18:19
3   Walter Röhrl   Christian Geistdörfer Lancia Rallye 037 7:19:14
4  
Safari Rally
(30 March – 4 April)
87 controls
5035 km
Gravel
1   Ari Vatanen   Terry Harryman Opel Ascona 400 +3:96 pen
2   Hannu Mikkola   Arne Hertz Audi Quattro A1 +4:02 pen
3   Michèle Mouton   Fabrizia Pons Audi Quattro A1 +4:55 pen
5  
Tour de Corse
(5–7 May)
28 stages
1008 km
Tarmac
1   Markku Alén   Ilkka Kivimäki Lancia Rallye 037 12:43:38
2   Walter Röhrl   Christian Geistdörfer Lancia Rallye 037 12:45:27
3   Adartico Vudafieri   Luigi Pirollo Lancia Rallye 037 12:50:08
6  
Acropolis Rally Greece
(30 May – 2 June)
45 stages
836 km
Gravel
1   Walter Röhrl   Christian Geistdörfer Lancia Rallye 037 11:12:22
2   Markku Alén   Ilkka Kivimäki Lancia Rallye 037 11:18:42
3   Stig Blomqvist   Björn Cederberg Audi Quattro A2 11:26:18
7  
Rally New Zealand
(25–28 June)
33 stages
1069 km
Gravel
1   Walter Röhrl   Christian Geistdörfer Lancia Rallye 037 12:10:13
2   Timo Salonen   Seppo Harjanne Nissan 240RS 12:26:11
3   Attilio Bettega   Maurizio Perissinot Lancia Rallye 037 12:41:42
8  
Rally Argentina
(2–6 August)
18 stages
1274 km
Gravel
1   Hannu Mikkola   Arne Hertz Audi Quattro A2 10:18:54
2   Stig Blomqvist   Björn Cederberg Audi Quattro A2 10:21:28
3   Michèle Mouton   Fabrizia Pons Audi Quattro A2 10:25:35
9  
Rally Finland
(26–28 August)
50 stages
473 km
Gravel
1   Hannu Mikkola   Arne Hertz Audi Quattro A2 4:23:44
2   Stig Blomqvist   Björn Cederberg Audi Quattro A2 4:24:05
3   Markku Alén   Ilkka Kivimäki Lancia Rallye 037 4:24:33
10  
Rallye Sanremo
(2–8 October)
58 stages
775 km
Gravel/Tarmac
1   Markku Alén   Ilkka Kivimäki Lancia Rallye 037 8:50:17
2   Walter Röhrl   Christian Geistdörfer Lancia Rallye 037 8:52:26
3   Attilio Bettega   Maurizio Perissinot Lancia Rallye 037 8:55:27
11  
Rallye Côte d'Ivoire[1]
(25–30 October)
54 controls
4600 km
Gravel
1   Björn Waldegård   Hans Thorszelius Toyota Celica TCT +5:18 pen
2   Hannu Mikkola   Arne Hertz Audi Quattro A2 +5:29 pen
3   Per Eklund   Dave Whittock Toyota Celica TCT +6:58 pen
12  
RAC Rally
(19–23 November)
57 stages
790 km
Gravel/Tarmac
1   Stig Blomqvist   Björn Cederberg Audi Quattro A2 8:50:28
2   Hannu Mikkola   Arne Hertz Audi Quattro A2 9:00:21
3   Jimmy McRae   Ian Grindrod Opel Manta 400 9:12:19

StandingsEdit

Drivers' championshipEdit

Rank Driver Event Total
points
 
MON
 
SWE
 
POR
 
KEN
 
FRA
 
GRC
 
NZL
 
ARG
 
FIN
 
ITA
 
CIV
 
GBR
1   Hannu Mikkola (10) 20 20 15 20 20 15 15 125
2   Walter Röhrl 20 12 15 20 20 15 102
3   Markku Alén 15 10 20 15 8 12 20 100
4   Stig Blomqvist 12 15 12 15 15 20 89
5   Michèle Mouton 10 15 12 12 4 53
6   Ari Vatanen 8 6 20 10 44
7   Attilio Bettega 10 8 12 12 42
8   Lasse Lampi 12 4 10 26
9   Shekhar Mehta 6 10 10 26
10   Per Eklund 10 12 22
11   Björn Waldegård 20 20
12   Adartico Vudafieri 8 12 20
13   Timo Salonen 15 3 18
14   Henri Toivonen 6 10 16
15   Jimmy McRae 3 12 15
16   Kalle Grundel 8 3 11
17   Jayant Shah 10 10
  Alain Ambrosino 10 10
19   Juha Kankkunen 6 4 10
20   Bruno Saby 1 8 9
21   Johnny Hellier 8 8
  Reg Cook 8 8
  Pentti Airikkala 8 8
  Miki Biasion 8 8
  Eugène Salim 8 8
  Russell Brookes 8 8
27   Franz Wittmann 4 4 8
28   Antonio Zanini 6 6
  Wolfgang Stiller 6 6
  Tony Pond 6 6
  Possum Bourne 6 6
  Franz Wurz 6 6
  Dario Cerrato 6 6
  John Buffum 6 6
35   Jean Ragnotti 4 4
  Sören Nilsson 4 4
  Manoj Shah 4 4
  Jean-Sébastien Couloumiès 4 4
  Michael Bish 4 4
  Ernesto Soto 4 4
41   Jean-Claude Andruet 3 3
  Mikael Ericsson 3 3
  Terry Kaby 3 3
  Paul de Voest 3 3
  Alain Coppier 3 3
  Peter Watt 3 3
  Jorge Recalde 3 3
  Lucky 3 3
49   Mikael Sundström 1 2 3
50   Francis Serpaggi 2 2
  Lars-Erik Walfridsson 2 2
  Christian Dorche 2 2
  Jean-Michel Guyot 2 2
  Philippe Wambergue 2 2
  Mike Cameron 2 2
  Carlos Celis 2 2
  Erkki Pitkänen 2 2
  Bernard Darniche 2 2
59   Ola Strömberg 1 1
  Marc Duez 1 1
  Jean-Louis Ravenel 1 1
  Maurice Chomat 1 1
  Gerardo Campo 1 1
  Gabriele Noberasco 1 1
  Mats Holmbom 1 1

Manufacturers' championshipEdit

Rank Manufacturers Event Total
points
 
MON
 
POR
 
KEN
 
FRA
 
GRC
 
NZL
 
ARG
 
FIN
 
ITA
 
GBR
1   Lancia 18 14 18 18 18 (10) 14 18 118
2   Audi 14 18 16 14 18 18 (6) 18 116
3   Opel 10 (9) 18 12 12 9 12 14 87
4   Nissan 4 12 8 8 16 4 52
5   Renault 6 10 11 27
6   Toyota 10 8 6 24
7   Subaru 13 13
8   British Leyland Cars 11 11
  Volkswagen 11 11
10   Peugeot 10 10
  Vauxhall 10 10
12   Mazda 9 9
  Alfa Romeo 9 9
14   Citroën 2 5 2 9
15   Talbot 8 8
16   Mitsubishi 7 7

Pointscoring systemsEdit

Drivers' championshipEdit

Points awarded by finish 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
20 15 12 10 8 6 4 3 2 1

Manufacturers' championshipEdit

Overall
finish
Group finish
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 18
2 17 16
3 16 15 14
4 15 14 13 12
5 14 13 12 11 10
6 13 12 11 10 9 8
7 12 11 10 9 8 7 6
8 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4
9 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Event not included in the Manufacturers' Championship

External linksEdit