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The 1983 Pan American Games were held in Caracas, Venezuela from August 14 to August 29, 1983. The games were the first major international competition to include relatively accurate steroid testing.[1] After 15 athletes, mostly weightlifters, tested positive, many others — including 12 American track and field athletes[2] — came down with injuries, got sick, or found other reasons to withdraw from competition and avoid the test.[1]

IX Pan American Games
1983 Pan American Games logo.svg
Host cityCaracas, Venezuela
Nations36
Athletes3,426
Events269 in 23 sports
OpeningAugust 14
ClosingAugust 29
Opened by
StadiumEstadio Olímpico
1979 San Juan 1987 Indianapolis

Contents

Host city selectionEdit

Four cities submitted bids to host the 1983 Pan American Games that were recognized by the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO); however, only one city, Hamilton, Ontario submitted their bid on time. On April 23, 1977, Caracas, Venezuela was selected over Hamilton, Canada in a two-city vote to host the IX Pan American Games by the PASO at its general assembly in San Juan, Puerto Rico.[3][4]

Medal countEdit

1 Host nation

To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the   icon next to the column title.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States (USA) a 137/148 92/101 56/53 285/302
2   Cuba (CUB) a 79/78/80 53/51/49 43/45 175/174
3   Canada (CAN) a 18/22 44/42 47/55 109/119
4   Brazil (BRA) 14 20 23 57
5   Venezuela (VEN) 1 a 12/14 26/25 35/37 73/76

SportsEdit

DopingEdit

Doping positives
Athlete Nation Sport Prohibited substance Note
Daniel Núñez   Cuba Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Alberto Blanco   Cuba Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Jeff Michaels   United States Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Guy Greavette   Canada Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Jacques Oligier   Chile Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Michael Vian   Canada Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Enrique Montiel   Nicaragua Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
José Adarmes   Venezuela Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Mario Durruty   Cuba Fencing Anabolic steroid [5]
Juan Núñez   Dominican Republic Athletics Fencamfamine [5][6][7]
Francisco López   Argentina Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Caballero Dolcey   Colombia Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]
Fernando Vera   Chile Cycling Anabolic steroid [5][8][9]
Lázaro Beltrán   Cuba Volleyball Ephedrine [5]
Juan De la Cruz   Dominican Republic Athletics Anabolic steroid [5]
José Lozada   Puerto Rico Weightlifting Anabolic steroid [5]

MascotEdit

The 1983 Games' mascot was a lion holding a 1983 sign named Santiaguito.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Taylor, William N., Anabolic Steroids and the Athlete, Second Edition, 2002, McFarland & Company, p. 150.
  2. ^ "Canadian women shine in softball win," Toronto Star, August 25, 1983, p. E4.
  3. ^ "Caracas hará Panamericanos" [Caracas has Pan American]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). San Juan, Puerto Rico. AFP. 23 April 1977. p. 2-B. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Caracas shaky as Games' site". Winnipeg Free Press. Hamilton, Canada. CP. 26 April 1977. p. 48. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Ernesto Rodrigues III: IGUALITO QUE CARACAS 1983, olimpicosargentinos.com.ar, 26 July 2015
  6. ^ Games spoiled by controversy, The Cavalier Daily, 30 August 1983
  7. ^ Brigitte Berendonk: Doping-Dokumente. Von der Forschung zum Betrug. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1991, ISBN 3-540-53742-2
  8. ^ Caracas Crackdown On Drugs Continue, The Palm Beach Post, 26 August 1983
  9. ^ Frank Litsky: Chilean Cyclist Is Disqualified, NY Times, 26 August 1983
  10. ^ "IX Pan American Games - Caracas (Venezuela) 1983". Quadro de Medalhas. Retrieved 2018-10-29.