1980 Iranian legislative election
Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 13 March 1980, with a second round on 9 May. They were the first elections to the Majlis since the overthrow of the Shah, and were contested to a considerable degree on a party basis.
All 270 seats to the National Consultative Assembly
136 seats are needed for a majority
It resulted in a victory for the Islamic Republican Party, which won 85 of the 270 seats, whilst its allies won a further 45. The party, joined by smaller Islamist groups in the Grand coalition was a highly organized force and put up candidates in most constituencies and dominated the campaigns, especially in the provinces.
President Abolhassan Banisadr and his followers, presented dozens of candidates in Tehran and provinces under the list Office for the Cooperation of the People with the President.
Among National Front candidates, four won the election but their credentials was rejected on the grounds such as being "landlord" or "American agent" and they were not allowed to take their seat. Its leader Karim Sanjabi withdrew in the run-off because of the alleged "irregularities".
Under the name Progressive Revolutionary Candidates list, People's Mujahedin of Iran endorsed 127 nominees nationwide and the official counts gave them as much as 20% of the votes in some constituencies, however they failed to win any seats. Its leader Massoud Rajavi received 531,943 votes in Tehran but was defeated in the run-offs.
The constitution approved in a December 1979 referendum provided for a 270-seat Majlis, with five seats reserved for minority groups including Jews, Zoroastrians, Armenians from the north and south of the country and one jointly elected by Assyrians and Chaldeans.
As there was no electoral law at the time of the elections, they were held in accordance with a proposal from the Ministry of the Interior and approved by the Council of the Revolution. However, the elections were postponed in 23 constituencies in Kurdistan Province and Sistan and Balochistan Province.
137 of the elected MPs were clerics.
- Ettela'at newspaper (1980)
|Office for the Cooperation of the People with the President||12.12%||33|
- Thapar (1980)
|Islamic Republican Party||130|
|Supporters of Banisadr (claimed)||74|
|Independents, Centrists and Seculars||38|
|Source: R. S. Thapar|
- Abrahamian (1989)
|Islamic Republican Party||120|
|Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan||2|
- Nohlen et al (2001)
|Islamic Republican Party||85|
|Islamic Republican Party allies||45|
|Source: Nohlen et al|
- "1980 Parliamentary Election", The Iran Social Science Data Portal, Princeton University, archived from the original on 30 May 2012, retrieved 10 August 2015
- Baktiari, Bahman (1996). Parliamentary Politics in Revolutionary Iran: The Institutionalization of Factional Politics. University Press of Florida. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-8130-1461-6.
- Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 286. ISBN 978-1850431985.
- Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001), "Iran", Elections in Asia: A Data Handbook, I, Oxford University Press, pp. 68, 74, ISBN 978-0-19-924958-9
- Bakhash, Shaul (13 December 2011) [December 15, 1998]. "ELECTIONS ii. UNDER THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC, 1979-92". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. 4. VIII. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. pp. 345–355. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 284. ISBN 978-1850431985.
- Ervand Abrahamian (1989), "The Majles elections (February–May 1980)", Radical Islam: the Iranian Mojahedin, Society and culture in the modern Middle East, 3, I.B.Tauris, pp. 199–205, ISBN 9781850430773
- Muriel Atkin (1983), "Soviet Relations with the Islamic Republic", SAIS Review, 3 (1): 190
- Aryeh Yodfat (2012), The Soviet Union and Revolutionary Iran (RLE Iran D), Routledge Library Editions: Iran, Taylor & Francis, p. 85, ISBN 9781136833700
- Iran IPU
- James W Heslep The Decline of Clerics in the Iranian Majles Archived 12 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 May 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- R. S. Thapar (1980), "Iranian Parliamentary Elections: A Setback to President Bani Sadr", Strategic Analysis, 4 (4): 166–170, doi:10.1080/09700168009421604
- Ervand Abrahamian (1989), "The Islamic Republic", Radical Islam: the Iranian Mojahedin, Society and culture in the modern Middle East, 3, I.B.Tauris, p. 62, ISBN 9781850430773