1974 WTA Tour

The 1974 WTA Tour was composed of the fourth annual Virginia Slims Circuit and Women's International Grand Prix, a tour of tennis tournaments for female tennis players, sponsored by Virginia Slims cigarettes.[1] The WTA signed their first television broadcast contract in 1974, with the broadcasting network CBS with Brent Musburger announcing.[2]

1974 WTA Tour
Details
Duration26 December 1973 – 23 December 1974
Edition4th
Tournaments51
CategoriesGrand Slam (4)
Virginia Slims championships
Virginia Slims Circuit (17)
Women's International Circuit (8)
Non-Tour Events (19)
Achievements (singles)
Most tournament titlesUnited States Chris Evert (16)
Most tournament finalsUnited States Chris Evert (21)
Prize money leaderUnited States Chris Evert ($261,460)
1973
1975

ScheduleEdit

This is a calendar of all events sponsored by Virginia Slims in the year 1974, with player progression documented from the quarterfinals stage. The table also includes the Grand Slam tournaments, the 1974 Virginia Slims Championships and the 1974 Federation Cup.[1]

Key
Grand Slam tournaments
Virginia Slims championships
Virginia Slims Circuit
Women's International Circuit
Non-Tour Events
Team events

December (1973)Edit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
24 Dec
31 Dec
Australian Open
Melbourne, Australia
Grand Slam
Grass – 56S/32D
SinglesDoubles
  Evonne Goolagong
7–6(7–5), 4–6, 6–0
  Chris Evert   Julie Heldman
  Kerry Melville
  Janet Newberry
  Lesley Hunt
  Judy Dalton
  Karen Krantzcke
  Evonne Goolagong
  Peggy Michel
7–5, 6–3
  Kerry Harris
  Kerry Melville

JanuaryEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
1 Jan New South Wales Open
Sydney, Australia
Women's International Circuit
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Karen Krantzcke
6–2, 6–3
  Evonne Goolagong
  Ann Kiyomura
  Kazuko Sawamatsu
6–3, 6–3
  Janet Fallis
  Pam Whytcross
14 Jan Virginia Slims of San Francisco
San Francisco, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Billie Jean King
7–6(5–2), 6–2
  Chris Evert   Kerry Melville
  Nancy Gunter
  Laurie Fleming
  Janet Newberry
  Rosie Casals
  Wendy Overton
  Chris Evert
  Billie Jean King
6–4, 6–2
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
21 Jan Virginia Slims of Mission Viejo
Mission Viejo, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–3, 6–1
  Billie Jean King   Kerry Melville
  Nancy Gunter
  Barbara Downs
  Françoise Dürr
  Rosie Casals
  Kristien Kemmer
  Kerry Harris
  Lesley Hunt
7–5, 6–4
  Chris Evert
  Billie Jean King
28 Jan Virginia Slims of Washington
Washington, D.C., United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Billie Jean King
6–0, 6–2
  Kerry Melville   Rosie Casals
  Helen Gourlay
  Kathy Kuykendall
  Françoise Dürr
  Peaches Bartkowicz
  Mona Schallau
  Billie Jean King
  Betty Stöve
6–1, 6–7, 7–5
  Françoise Dürr
  Kerry Harris

FebruaryEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
4 Feb S&H Tennis Classic
Fort Lauderdale, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
Walkover
  Kerry Melville   Rosie Casals
  Nancy Gunter
  Betty Stöve
  Françoise Dürr
  Isa Fernández
  Kathy Kuykendall
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
6–3, 6–2
  Patti Hogan
  Sharon Walsh
18 Feb Virginia Slims of Detroit
Detroit, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Billie Jean King
6–1, 6–1
  Rosie Casals   Françoise Dürr
  Virginia Wade
  Lesley Hunt
  Valerie Ziegenfuss
  Kristien Kemmer
  Marcie Louie
  Rosie Casals
  Billie Jean King
2–6, 6–4, 7–5
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
25 Feb Virginia Slims of Chicago
Chicago, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Virginia Wade
2–6, 6–4, 6–4
  Rosie Casals   Billie Jean King
  Chris Evert
  Laura DuPont
  Lesley Hunt
  Valerie Ziegenfuss
  Betty Stöve
  Chris Evert
  Billie Jean King
3–6, 6–4, 6–4
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve

MarchEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
4 Mar Maureen Connolly Brinker International
Dallas, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
7–5, 6–2
  Virginia Wade   Françoise Dürr
  Nancy Gunter
  Lesley Hunt
  Rosie Casals
  Karen Krantzcke
  Janet Newberry
  Isa Fernández
  Martina Navratilova
6–3, 3–6, 6–3
  Virginia Wade
  Karen Krantzcke
18 Mar Akron Open
Akron, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Billie Jean King
6–3, 7–5
  Nancy Gunter   Olga Morozova
  Pam Teeguarden
  Julie Heldman
  Rosie Casals
  Martina Navratilova
  Sharon Walsh
  Rosie Casals
  Billie Jean King
6–2, 6–4
  Julie Heldman
  Olga Morozova
25 Mar S&H National Indoor Championship
New York City, United States
Virginia Slims
$60,000
Draw
  Billie Jean King
6–3, 3–6, 6–2
  Chris Evert   Rosie Casals
  Betty Stöve
  Julie Heldman
  Françoise Dürr
  Virginia Wade
  Marcie Louie

AprilEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
8 Apr First Federal of Sarasota Classic
Sarasota, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–4, 6–0
  Evonne Goolagong   Olga Morozova
  Kerry Melville
  Betty Stöve
  Julie Heldman
  Ilana Kloss
  Helen Gourlay
  Chris Evert
  Evonne Goolagong
6–2, 6–2
  Tory Fretz
  Cici Martinez
15 Apr Barnett Bank Masters
St. Petersburg, United States
Virginia Slims
$45,000
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–0, 6–1
  Kerry Melville   Helga Masthoff
  Evonne Goolagong
  Karen Krantzcke
  Olga Morozova
  Helen Gourlay
  Betty Stöve
  Olga Morozova
  Betty Stöve
6–4, 6–2
  Chris Evert
  Evonne Goolagong
22 Apr Virginia Slims of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Olga Morozova
7–6(5–2), 6–1
  Billie Jean King   Virginia Wade
  Rosie Casals
  Janet Newberry
  Glynis Coles
  Kerry Melville
  Helen Gourlay
  Rosie Casals
  Billie Jean King
6–3, 7–6
  Kerry Harris
  Lesley Hunt
29 Apr Family Circle Cup
Hilton Head, SC, United States
Women's International Circuit
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–1, 6–3
  Kerry Melville   Rosie Casals
  Evonne Goolagong
  Betty Stöve
  Virginia Wade
  Olga Morozova
  Karen Krantzcke
  Olga Morozova
  Rosie Casals
6–2, 6–1
  Karen Krantzcke
  Helen Gourlay

MayEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
13 May Federation Cup
Naples, Italy
Federation Cup
Clay – 29 teams knockout
  Australia
2–1
  United States   Great Britain
  West Germany
  Italy
  South Africa
  Romania
  France
20 May German Open
Hamburg, Germany
Women's International Circuit
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Helga Masthoff
6–4, 5–7, 6–3
  Martina Navratilova   Mima Jaušovec
  Kazuko Sawamatsu
  Marie Neumanová
  Katja Ebbinghaus
  Helga Hösl
  Marijke Schaar
  Helga Hösl
  Raquel Giscafré
6–3, 6–1
  Martina Navratilova
  Renáta Tomanová
British Hard Court Championships
Bournemouth, United Kingdom
Non-Tour Events
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Virginia Wade
6–1, 3–6, 6–1
  Julie Heldman   Jackie Fayter
  Dianne Fromholtz
  Winnie Wooldridge
  Sue Barker
  Jenny Dimond
  Carrie Meyer
  Julie Heldman
  Virginia Wade
6–2, 6–2
  Patti Hogan
  Sharon Walsh
27 May Italian Open
Rome, Italy
Women's International Circuit
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–3, 6–3
  Martina Navratilova   Pat Pretorius
  Olga Morozova
  Virginia Wade
  Helga Masthoff
  Julie Heldman
  Kazuko Sawamatsu
  Chris Evert
  Olga Morozova
Walkover
  Helga Masthoff
  Heide Orth

JuneEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
3 Jun
10 Jun
French Open
Paris, France
Grand Slam
Clay (Red) – 64S/64Q/21D/23X
SinglesDoublesMixed
  Chris Evert
6–1, 6–2
  Olga Morozova   Raquel Giscafré
  Helga Masthoff
  Katja Ebbinghaus
  Marie Neumannová
  Martina Navratilova
  Julie Heldman
  Chris Evert
  Olga Morozova
6–4, 2–6, 6–1
  Gail Chanfreau
  Katja Ebbinghaus
  Martina Navratilova
  Iván Molina
6–3, 6–3
  Rosy Darmon
  Marcelo Lara
24 Jun
1 Jul
Wimbledon Championships
London, Great Britain
Grand Slam
Grass – 96S/48D/80X
SinglesDoublesMixed
  Chris Evert
6–0, 6–4
  Olga Morozova   Virginia Wade
  Kerry Melville
  Billie Jean King
  Linky Boshoff
  Evonne Goolagong
  Helga Masthoff
  Evonne Goolagong
  Peggy Michel
2–6, 6–4, 6–3
  Helen Gourlay
  Karen Krantzcke
  Billie Jean King
  Owen Davidson
6–3, 9–7
  Lesley Charles
  Mark Farrell

JulyEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
8 Jul Swiss Open Championships
Gstaad, Switzerland
Non-Tour Events
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Helga Schultze
4–6, 6–4, 6–3
  Lea Pericoli
  Helga Schultze
  Lea Pericoli
6–2, 6–0
  Kayoko Fukuoka
  Michelle Rodríguez
Swedish Open Championships
Båstad, Sweden
Non-Tour Events
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Sue Barker
6–1, 7–5
  Marijke Schaar
  Sue Barker
  Glynis Coles
6–2, 6–0
  Fiorella Bonicelli
  Anna-Maria Nasuelli
15 Jul Head Cup Austrian Championships
Kitzbühel, Austria
Non-Tour Events
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Mirka Koželuhová
6–3, 6–0
  Mima Jaušovec
  Beatrix Klein
  Éva Szabó
6–1, 6–4
  Ana María Arias
  Iris Riedel

AugustEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
5 Aug US Clay Court Championships
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Women's International Circuit
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–0, 6–0
  Gail Chanfreau   Carrie Meyer
  Dianne Fromholtz
  Virginia Ruzici
  Michele Gurdal
  Jeanne Evert
  Julie Heldman
  Gail Chanfreau
  Julie Heldman
6–3, 6–1
  Chris Evert
  Jeanne Evert
12 Aug Rothmans Canadian Open
Toronto, Canada
Women's International Circuit
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–0, 6–3
  Julie Heldman   Jeanne Evert
  Kazuko Sawamatsu
  Raquel Giscafré
  Paulina Peisachov
  Virginia Ruzici
  Laurie Tenney
  Gail Chanfreau
  Julie Heldman
6–3, 6–4
  Chris Evert
  Jeanne Evert
19 Aug Virginia Slims of Newport
Newport, United States
Virginia Slims
$30,000
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–4, 6–3
  Betsy Nagelsen   Julie Heldman
  Virginia Wade
  Janet Newberry
  Lesley Charles
  Mima Jaušovec
  Olga Morozova
  Lesley Charles
  Sue Mappin
6–2, 7–5
  Gail Chanfreau
  Julie Heldman
Medi-Quik Open
South Orange, New Jersey, USA
Non-Tour Events
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Pam Teeguarden
7–5, 6–3
  Dianne Fromholtz
  Pam Teeguarden
  Ann Kiyomura
6–2, 6–0
  Kathleen Harter
  Marita Redondo
26 Aug
2 Sept
US Open
New York, United States
Grand Slam
Clay (Red) – 64S/32D/32X
SinglesDoublesMixed
  Billie Jean King
3–6, 6–3, 7–5
  Evonne Goolagong   Julie Heldman
  Chris Evert
  Rosie Casals
  Nancy Gunter
  Kerry Melville
  Lesley Hunt
  Rosie Casals
  Billie Jean King
7–6, 6–7, 6–4
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
  Pam Teeguarden
  Geoff Masters
6–1, 7–6
  Chris Evert
  Jimmy Connors

SeptemberEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
16 Sep Barnett Bank Tennis Classic
Orlando, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Martina Navratilova
7–6(5–4), 6–4
  Julie Heldman   Billie Jean King
  Françoise Dürr
  Marcie Louie
  Betty Stöve
  Tine Zwaan
  Rosie Casals
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
6–3, 6–7(2–5), 6–4
  Rosie Casals
  Billie Jean King
Virginia Slims of Denver
Denver, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Evonne Goolagong
7–5, 3–6, 6–4
  Chris Evert   Françoise Dürr
  Nancy Gunter
  Valerie Ziegenfuss
  Julie Heldman
  Pam Teeguarden
  Kathy Kuykendall
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
6–2, 7–5
  Mona Schallau
  Pam Teeguarden
30 Sep Virginia Slims of Houston
Houston, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Chris Evert
6–3, 5–7, 6–1
  Virginia Wade   Evonne Goolagong
  Pam Teeguarden
  Wendy Overton
  Helen Gourlay
  Kate Latham
  Robin Tenney
  Janet Newberry
  Wendy Overton
4–6, 7–5, 6–2
  Sue Stap
  Virginia Wade

OctoberEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
7 Oct Virginia Slims of Phoenix
Phoenix, United States
Virginia Slims
$50,000
SinglesDoubles
  Virginia Wade
6–1, 6–2
  Helen Gourlay   Billie Jean King
  Betty Stöve
  Tory Fretz
  Françoise Dürr
  Wendy Overton
  Kathy Kuykendall
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
6–3, 5–7, 6–3
  Mona Schallau
  Pam Teeguarden
Melia Trophy
Madrid, Spain
Non-Tour Events
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Helga Masthoff
7–5, 6–3
  Tine Zwaan
  Lesley Charles
  Sue Mappin
6–2 ret.
Creydt
  Helga Masthoff
Japan Open
Tokyo, Japan
Non-Tour Events
Hard
SinglesDoubles
  Maria Bueno
3–6, 6–4, 6–3
  Katja Ebbinghaus
  Ann Kiyomura
  Kazuko Sawamatsu
4–6, 6–4, 6–0
  Kimiyo Yagawara
  Janet Young
14 Oct Virginia Slims Championships
Los Angeles, United States
Year-end championships
$100,000
SinglesDoubles
  Evonne Goolagong
6–3, 6–4
  Chris Evert   Virginia Wade
  Billie Jean King
  Rosie Casals
  Martina Navratilova
  Lesley Hunt
  Helen Gourlay
  Rosie Casals
  Billie Jean King
6–1, 6–7(2–5), 7–5
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
Melia Trophy
Barcelona, Spain
Non-Tour Events
Clay
Singles
  Nathalie Fuchs
7–5, 8–6
  Glynis Coles
21 Oct World Invitational
Hilton Head, SC, USA
Non-Tour Events
Clay
Singles
  Chris Evert
6–1, 6–3
  Virginia Wade   Evonne Goolagong
  Billie Jean King
28 Oct Dewar Cup Cardiff
Cardiff, United Kingdom
Non-Tour Events
Hard
SinglesDoubles
  Julie Heldman
6–4, 6–2
  Glynis Coles
  Lesley Charles
  Sue Mappin
3–6, 6–2, 6–2
  Jackie Fayter
  Joyce Hume

NovemberEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
4 Nov Dewar Cup Edinburgh
Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Non-Tour Events
Hard
SinglesDoubles
  Virginia Wade
6–3, 4–6, 6–2
  Julie Heldman
  Mima Jaušovec
  Virginia Ruzici
6–4, 4–6, 6–4
  Isa Fernández
  Raquel Giscafré
11 Nov Dewar Cup Final
London, United Kingdom
Non-Tour Events
Hard
SinglesDoubles
  Virginia Wade
7–6, 6–2
  Julie Heldman
  Virginia Wade
  Sharon Walsh
6–2, 6–7, 6–2
  Lesley Charles
  Sue Mappin
18 Nov South African Open
Johannesburg, South African
Women's International Circuit
SinglesDoubles
  Kerry Melville
6–3, 7–5
  Dianne Fromholtz
South American Championships
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Non-Tour Events
Clay
SinglesDoubles
  Raquel Giscafré
7–5, 1–6, 6–2
  Beatriz Araujo
  Katja Ebbinghaus
  Helga Masthoff
6–0, 6–1
  Beatriz Araujo
  Raquel Giscafré
25 Nov Queensland State Championships
Victoria, Australia
Non-Tour Events
Hard
SinglesDoubles
  Evonne Goolagong
6–1, 6–2
  Cynthia Doerner   Michele Gurdal
  Wendy Turnbull
  Diane Eastburn
  Linda Mottram
  Cecilia Martinez
  Peggy Michel
  Evonne Goolagong
  Peggy Michel
6–1, 6–2
  Vicki Lancaster
  Cecilia Martinez
Tokyo Gunze Classic
Tokyo, Japan
Non-Tour Events
Singles
  Chris Evert
6–0, 6–2
  Rosie Casals

DecemberEdit

Week Tournament Champions Runners-up Semifinalists Quarterfinalists
2 Dec South Australian Championships
Adelaide, Australia
Non-Tour Events
Singles
  Olga Morozova
7–6, 2–6, 6–2
  Evonne Goolagong
9 Dec Western Australian Championships
Perth, Australia
Non-Tour Events
SinglesDoubles
  Margaret Court
6–4, 7–5
  Olga Morozova
  Olga Morozova
  Martina Navratilova
6–1, 6–3
  Lesley Hunt
  Kazuko Sawamatsu
16 Dec New South Wales Championships
Sydney, Australia
Non-Tour Events
SinglesDoubles
  Evonne Goolagong
6–3, 7–5
  Margaret Court
  Evonne Goolagong
  Peggy Michel
6–7, 6–4, 6–1
  Olga Morozova
  Martina Navratilova

EarningsEdit

Rk Name Virginia Slims Total US Total
1   Chris Evert $113,985 $149,985 $261,460
2   Billie Jean King $94,950 $129,950 $173,225
3   Evonne Goolagong $56,580 $73,480 $102,506
4   Virginia Wade $51,413 $55,993 $85,389
5   Rosemary Casals $44,925 $62,375 $72,389
6   Francoise Durr $35,588 $40,008 $41,277
7   Betty Stove $33,813 $39,233 $40,249
8   Kerry Melville $26,240 $42,940 $56,022
9   Martina Navratilova $24,713 $26,963 $31,392
10   Olga Morozova $21,675 $25,775 $40,877

Statistical informationEdit

These tables present the number of singles (S), doubles (D), and mixed doubles (X) titles won by each player and each nation during the 1973 Virginia Slims Circuit. They also include data for the Grand Slam tournaments and the year-end championships. The table is sorted by:

1) total number of titles (a doubles title won by two players representing the same nation counts as only one win for the nation);
2) highest amount of highest category tournaments (for example, having a single Grand Slam gives preference over any kind of combination without a Grand Slam title);
3) a singles > doubles > mixed doubles hierarchy;
4) alphabetical order (by family names for players).

KeyEdit

Grand Slam tournaments
Year-end championships
Virginia Slims event

Titles won by playerEdit

Total Player  S   D   X   S   D   S   D   S   D   X 
14   Billie Jean King (USA) 6 7 1
13   Chris Evert (USA) 8 5 0
6   Evonne Goolagong (AUS) 3 3 0
6   Betty Stöve (NED) 0 6 0
5   Rosie Casals (USA) 0 5 0
4   Françoise Durr (FRA) 0 4 0
3   Olga Morozova (URS) 1 2 0
3   Martina Navratilova (TCH) 1 1 1
2   Peggy Michel (USA) 0 2 0
2   Virginia Wade (GBR) 2 0 0
1   Pam Teeguarden (USA) 0 0 1
1   Lesley Charles (GBR) 0 1 0
1   Isa Fernández (COL) 0 1 0
1   Kerry Harris (AUS) 0 1 0
1   Lesley Hunt (AUS) 0 1 0
1   Sue Mappin (GBR) 0 1 0
1   Janet Newberry (USA) 0 1 0
1   Wendy Overton (USA) 0 1 0

Titles won by nationEdit

Total Nation  S   D   X   S   D   S   D   S   D   X 
31   United States (USA) 3 4 2 0 1 12 9 15 14 2
7   Australia (AUS) 1 2 0 1 0 1 2 3 4 0
6   Netherlands (NED) 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 6 0
6   France (FRA) 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 0
3   Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 0
3   Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
3   Great Britain (GBR) 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 1 0
1   Colombia (COL) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "WTA Tour Finals" (PDF). www.wtatennis.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
  2. ^ "About the WTA". www.wtatennis.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2012-07-12.

External linksEdit