1974 National 500
|Race 28 of 30 in the 1974 NASCAR Winston Cup Series season|
Layout of Charlotte Motor Speedway
|Date||October 6, 1974|
|Official name||National 500|
|Location||Charlotte Motor Speedway, Concord, North Carolina|
Permanent racing facility|
1.500 mi (2.414 km)
|Distance||334 laps, 500 mi (804 km)|
|Weather||Temperatures ranging between 37.9 °F (3.3 °C) and 75 °F (24 °C); wind speeds of 5.8 miles per hour (9.3 km/h)|
|Average speed||119.912 miles per hour (192.980 km/h)|
|Most laps led|
|Driver||David Pearson||Wood Brothers|
|No. 21||David Pearson||Wood Brothers|
|Television in the United States|
Jim McKay |
This race was considered to be the 28th race out of the 30 races completed during that year. Weather for this race was forecast from Charlotte/Douglas International Airport; located in nearby Charlotte.
The race was held on a dry circuit; with no precipitation recorded around the speedway.
Three hundred and thirty four laps were done on a paved track spanning 1.500 miles (2.414 km). The race lasted four hours, ten minutes, and forty-one seconds. Nine cautions slowed the race for seventy-nine laps.
Notable speeds were: 119.912 miles per hour (192.980 km/h) for the average speed and 158.749 miles per hour (255.482 km/h) for the pole speed. David Pearson defeated Richard Petty in this race by almost 1½ seconds. With a live attendance of 56,000 people, this race could rival today's sports attendance standings.
The race saw several hard crashes. Before the fifth lap was completed a ten-car crash erupted past the start/finish line and involved Buddy Baker, who'd started 40th after he spun in practice and blew his tires, necessitating the change from the tires on which he'd qualified; NASCAR rules at the time requires teams to start the race on the tires on which they'd qualified. In an effort to avoid the stalled car of Richard Childress, Marty Robbins intentionally turned his car away from Childress' disabled machine and hit the outside wall so hard that it required some 37 stitches in his face.
Other incidents occurred following the lengthy cleanup. During the yellow for a spinout by rookie Richie Panch ABC Sports, which filmed the race for air later that year, recorded and aired radio conversation between Petty and crew chief Dale Inman about the incident; this caused commentator Chris Economaki to quip that "I don't drive stock cars and I wish Richard Petty wouldn't do expert commentary."
Forty-one American drivers competed; with Earl Ross (from Canada) being the only competitor that wasn't born in the United States of America. Fifteen other drivers with lesser known backgrounds initially failed for this race. This list would grow to include 1974 Indianapolis 500 champion Johnny Rutherford, Joe Frasson, and David Sisco. Most of them did end up qualifying after a "second chance qualifying session" on October 3. Rutherford, the 1974 Indianapolis 500 champion, was driving a third Chevrolet fielded by Junior Johnson, as teammate to Yarborough and Earl Ross.
Other notable names competing in the race were: Darrell Waltrip, Dick Trickle, Ron Keselowski, J.D. McDuffie, Cale Yarborough, and Neil Castles. Bobby Isaac drove a Harry Hyde-prepared Dodge as a teammate to Dave Marcis; it was Isaac's first race in a K&K car since leaving that team after the 1972 Southern 500.
Despite finishing second, Petty effectively clinched the Winston Cup Grand National championship as Yarborough fell out with engine failure.
The day before this race, Dale Earnhardt made his first appearance at Charlotte/Lowe's in the NASCAR Late Model Sportsman race (the predecessor to the Nationwide Series) and finished 13th. This would be the last race for owner Ray Fox, his #3 Dodge Charger finished 29th after a blown engine with Wally Dallenbach Sr. as the driver (also making his last NASCAR start). Darrell Waltrip finished on the lead lap of a Winston Cup race for the first time; it was his sixth top-five finish of the season.
The winner of the race received $22,575 in race winnings ($114,687.7 in when adjusted for inflation) while the last place finisher received $649 in race winnings ($3,297.11 when adjusted for inflation). The lead changed hands 47 times among 11 drivers and was the most competitive Charlotte race in the track's history to that point (the track completed its 15th season of racing).
Even though this race was considered a classic during the 1970s, sparse television coverage has caused it to be lost through the years; a filmed package of the event was aired in late October 1974 on Wide World of Sports. Information about this race has been found in NASCAR's archives and were "unearthed" following David Pearson's induction to the NASCAR Hall of Fame.
|1||21||David Pearson||'73 Mercury||34.016||158.749||Wood Brothers|
|2||43||Richard Petty||'74 Dodge||34.276||157.545||Petty Enterprises|
|3||15||Buddy Baker||'73 Ford||34.431||156.835||Bud Moore|
|4||88||Donnie Allison||'74 Chevrolet||34.478||156.622||DiGard|
|5||11||Cale Yarborough||'74 Chevrolet||34.512||156.467||Junior Johnson|
|6||28||A.J. Foyt||'74 Chevrolet||34.562||156.421||Hoss Ellington|
|7||52||Earl Ross||'74 Chevrolet||34.751||155.391||Junior Johnson|
|8||12||Bobby Allison||'74 AMC Matador||34.934||154.577||Roger Penske|
|9||30||Walter Ballard||'74 Chevrolet||35.230||153.278||Vic Ballard|
|10||35||Dan Daughtry||'72 Ford||35.234||153.261||Morris Davis|
Section reference: 
- David Pearson†
- Richard Petty
- Darrell Waltrip
- Donnie Allison
- Bobby Allison
- Lennie Pond
- Harry Jefferson
- Dick Trickle†
- Bob Burcham†
- Dan Daughtry
- James Hylton†
- Walter Ballard
- David Sisco
- Richie Panch*†
- Cecil Gordon†
- Ron Keselowski
- Ed Negre
- Grant Adcox*†
- Ramo Stott*
- Earl Ross*
- J.D. McDuffie*†
- Coo Coo Marlin*†
- Cale Yarborough*
- Johnny Rutherford*
- Frank Warren*
- A. J. Foyt*
- Benny Parsons*†
- Jackie Rogers*
- Wally Dallenbach Sr.*
- Charlie Glotzbach*
- Dave Marcis*
- Bobby Isaac*†
- Elmo Langley*†
- Jerry Schild*†
- Harry Gant*
- Dick Brooks*†
- Buddy Baker*†
- Joe Frasson*†
- Jim Vandiver*
- Neil Castles*
- Richard Childress*
- Marty Robbins*† (crashed his car resulting in a series of injuries; including one that required 37 stitches to his face)
† signifies that the driver is known to be deceased
* Driver failed to finish race
- "1974 National 500 weather results". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved 2012-03-14.
- "1974 National 500 racing results". Racing Reference. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "Charlotte NASCAR Climatology" (PDF). SERCC. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
- Drivers that didn't qualify for the 1974 National 500 at Daytona Beach Morning Journal
- "1974 National 500 crew chiefs". Racing Reference. Retrieved 2018-08-23.
- "NASCAR Flashback: 1974 National 500, Could Pearson Sweep Charlotte?". RubbingsRacing.com. Retrieved 2012-03-14.
- "1974 National 500 qualifying results". Racing Reference. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- "Marty Robbins' injury report (1974 National 500)". MartyRobbins.Net. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
1974 Old Dominion 500
| NASCAR Winston Cup Season
1974 American 500
| National 500 races