1974 Malaysian general election

A general election was held between Saturday, 24 August and Saturday, 14 September 1974 for members of the 4th Parliament of Malaysia.[1] Voting took place in all 154 parliamentary constituencies of Malaysia, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. State elections also took place in 360 state constituencies (except Sabah) on the same day. This is first and only election for Tun Abdul Razak as Prime Minister since was appointed to the position in 1970 and first general election the Barisan Nasional was new political alliance replacing Alliance Party with Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (PGRM) and People's Progressive Party (PPP) was part of Barisan Nasional.

1974 Malaysian general election

← 1969 24 August – 14 September 1974 1978 →

All 154 seats to the Dewan Rakyat
78 seats needed for a majority
Registered4,178,914
Turnout2,220,186 (75.1%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Tun Abdul Razak (MY 2nd PM).jpg Lim Kit Siang cropped.jpg SNAP
Leader Abdul Razak Hussein Lim Kit Siang James Wong
Party BN DAP SNAP
Leader since 23 January 1971 1 October 1969 1963
Leader's seat Pekan Kota Melaka Miri-Subis (lost seat)
Last election 74 seats, 44.3% 13 seats, 12.1% 9 seats, 2.7%
Seats won 135 9 9
Seat change Increase 61 Decrease 4 Steady
Popular vote 1,287,400 387,845 117,566
Percentage 60.7% 18.3% 5.6%
Swing Increase 16.4% Increase 6.2% Increase 2.9%

Malaysia election results map 1974.svg
Results by constituency.

Prime Minister before election

Abdul Razak Hussein
BN

Prime Minister-designate

Abdul Razak Hussein
BN

Once Parliament had been dissolved on 31 July 1974, the Election Commission fixed 8 August 1974, as Nomination Day and 24 August 1974, as Polling Day. (In Malaysia, the election campaign must last a minimum of two weeks.)

Candidates were returned unopposed in 47 constituencies. The 1,060,871 electors from these constituencies therefore did not cast ballots. Another 88 Front members were later successful, thus enabling their alliance to gain an overwhelming majority in the House. This result was a victory for Barisan Nasional which won 135 of the 154 seats. Voter turnout was 75.1%. 10 additional Parliament seats was created in the Peninsular Malaysia in 1974.

ResultsEdit

Dewan RakyatEdit

Summary of the 24 August - 14 September 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 1,287,400 60.81 135 87.66 +61
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 62 40.26 +10
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 19 12.34 +6
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS 13 8.44 +1
United Sabah National Organisation USNO 13 8.44 0
United Traditional Bumiputera Party PBB 83,722 8 5.19 New
Sarawak United People's Party SUPP 64,235 7 4.55 +2
Malaysian People's Movement Party Gerakan 5 3.25 -3
Malaysian Indian Congress MIC 4 2.60 +2
Sabah Chinese Association SCA 3 1.95 0
People's Progressive Party PPP 1 0.65 -3
Democratic Action Party DAP 387,845 18.32 9 5.84 -4
Sarawak National Party SNAP 117,566 5.55 9 5.84 0
Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia PEKEMAS 105,718 4.99 1 0.65 New
Malaysian People's Socialist Party PSRM 84,206 3.98 0 0.00 0
Homeland Consciousness Union KITA 8,623 0.41 0 0.00 New
Independent People's Progressive Party IPPP 1,356 0.06 0 0.00 New
Independents IND 124,202 5.87 0 0.00 -1
Valid votes 2,116,916
Invalid/blank votes 103,270
Total (turnout: 75.1%) 2,220,186 100.00 154 100.00 +10
Did not vote 1,958,728
Registered voters 4,178,914
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above) 5,625,000
Malaysian population 11,700,000
Source: Nohlen et al., IPU ,[1] Archived 6 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine,[2]

Results by stateEdit

JohoreEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Johore
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 16 16 100.00 0
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 11 11 68.75 0
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 5 5 31.25 0
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 16 100.00 0
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Johore's population  

Source:

KedahEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Kedah
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 13 13 100.00 +4
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 8 8 61.54 +1
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS 3 3 23.08 0
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 2 2 15.38 0
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 13 100.00 +1
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Kedah's population  

Source:

KelantanEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Kelantan
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 12 110,957 12 100.00 +6
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS 7 7 58.33 +1
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 5 5 41.67 +1
Malaysian People's Socialist Party PSRM 9 0 0.00 0
Independents IND 12 37,111 0 0.00 0
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 12 100.00 +2
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Kelantan's population  

Source:

Kuala LumpurEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Kuala Lumpur
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN
United Malays National Organisation UMNO
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00   100.00  
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Kuala Lumpur's population  

Source:

MalaccaEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Malacca
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 4 3 75.00 0
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 2 2 50.00 0
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 2 1 25.00 0
Democratic Action Party DAP 1 25.00 0
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 4 100.00 0
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Malacca's population  

Source:

Negri SembilanEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Negri Sembilan
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 6 5 83.33 +2
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 3 3 50.00 0
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 2 1 16.67 +1
Malaysian Indian Congress MIC 1 1 16.67 +1
Democratic Action Party DAP 1 16.67 -2
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 6 100.00 0
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Negri Sembilan's population  

Source:

PahangEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Pahang
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 8 8 100.00 +2
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 7 7 87.50 +2
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 1 1 12.50 0
Malaysian People's Socialist Party PSRM 4 14,244 0 0.00 0
Valid votes 73,812
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 8 100.00 +2
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Pahang's population  

Source:

PenangEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Penang
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 9 117,349 56.24 9 100.00 +7
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 3 46,226 22.15 3 33.33 +2
Malaysian People's Movement Party Gerakan 3 42,792 20.51 3 33.33 -2
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 3 28,331 13.58 3 33.33 +2
Democratic Action Party DAP 7 51,025 24.45 0 0.00 -1
Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia PEKEMAS 7 26,640 12.77 0 0.00 New
Malaysian People's Socialist Party PSRM 6 12,409 5.95 0 0.00 0
Homeland Consciousness Union KITA 1 1,235 0.59 0 0.00 New
Valid votes 208,658
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 9 100.00 +1
Did not vote
Registered voters 271,133
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Penang's population  

Source:

PerakEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Perak
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 21 17 80.95 +8
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 11 52.38 +4
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 2 9.52 +1
Malaysian People's Movement Party Gerakan 2 9.52 +1
Malaysian Indian Congress MIC 1 4.76 0
People's Progressive Party PPP 1 4.76 -3
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS 1 4.76 0
Democratic Action Party DAP 4 19.05 -1
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 21 100.00 +1
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Perak's population  

Source:

PerlisEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Perlis
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 2 2 100.00 0
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 2 2 100.00 0
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 2 100.00 0
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Perlis's population  

Source:

SabahEdit

Summary of the 24 August – 7 September 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Sabah
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 16 6,468 60.85 16 100.00 New
United Sabah National Organisation USNO 13 6,468 60.85 13 81.25 0
Sabah Chinese Association SCA 3 0 0.00 3 18.75 0
Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia PEKEMAS 1 4,162 39.15 0 0.00 New
Valid votes 10,630
Invalid/blank votes 439
Total votes (voter turnout: 77.72%) 11,069 100.00 16 100.00 0
Did not vote 3,173
Registered voters (in contested constituencies) 14,242
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Sabah's population  

Source:

SarawakEdit

Summary of the 24 August – 14 September 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Sarawak
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 24 147,957 55.25 15 62.50 New
United Traditional Bumiputera Party PBB 15 83,722 31.25 9 37.50 New
Sarawak United People's Party SUPP 9 64,235 24.00 6 25.00 +1
Sarawak National Party SNAP 24 117,503 43.88 9 37.50 0
Independents IND 4 2,322 0.87 0 0.00 -1
Valid votes 267,782
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 24 100.00 0
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Sarawak's population  

Source:

SelangorEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Selangor
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 11 10 90.91 +1
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 5 5 45.45 -1
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 5 4 36.36 +2
Malaysian Indian Congress MIC 1 1 9.09 0
Democratic Action Party DAP 1 9.09 -2
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 11 100.00 -3
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Selangor's population  

Source:

TrengganuEdit

Summary of the 24 August 1974 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results in Trengganu
Party Candidates Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front BN 7 69,232 7 100.00 +3
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 4 4 57.14 0
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party PAS 3 3 42.86 +1
Malaysian People's Socialist Party PSRM 6 32,916 0 0.00 0
Independents IND 5,825 0 0.00 0
Valid votes
Invalid/blank votes
Total votes (voter turnout: %)   100.00 7 100.00 +1
Did not vote
Registered voters  
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)  
Trengganu's population  

Source:

State AssembliesEdit

OppositionEdit

After the election, Sarawak National Party (SNAP) became the largest opposition party in the Malaysian parliament and James Wong was appointed the opposition leader. After 2 months, he was detained under Internal Security Act. Datuk Seri Edmund Langgau Anak Saga from the SNAP party later succeeded him. James Wong was detained for almost two years before negotiation led by Datuk Amar Leo Moggie Anak Irok resulting in SNAP joining the Barisan Nasional.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p152 ISBN 0-19-924959-8