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1974 British Commonwealth Games

The 1974 British Commonwealth Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand from 24 January to 2 February 1974. The bid vote was held in Edinburgh at the 1970 British Commonwealth Games. The Games were officially named "the friendly games". There were 1,276 competitors and 372 officials, according to the official history, and public attendance was excellent. The main venue was the QEII Park, purpose built for this event. The Athletics Stadium and fully covered Olympic standard pool, diving tank, and practice pools were all on the one site. The theme song was "Join Together", sung by Steve Allen. QEII Park was severely damaged beyond repair by the devastating earthquake that destroyed parts of the city on 22 February 2011.

10th British Commonwealth Games
1974 British Commonwealth Games logo.svg
Host city Christchurch, New Zealand
Nations participating 38
Athletes participating 1276
Events 121 events in 10 sports
Opening ceremony 24 January
Closing ceremony 2 February
Officially opened by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Queen's Baton Final Runner Sylvia Potts
Main venue QEII Park
IX XI  >

Contents

BiddingEdit

1974 Commonwealth Games Bidding Results
City Round 1
  Christchurch 36
  Melbourne 2

Participating teamsEdit

 
Participating countries

38 teams were represented at the 1974 Games.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).

SecurityEdit

The Games were the first large international athletic event after the murder of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. The Athletes Village, the Student accommodation of the University of Canterbury, was temporarily fenced in and guarded for the duration of the games. Only official vehicles and persons were allowed into sensitive areas around the venues.

Edit

The logo was the second (after Edinburgh) to be protected and trademarked,[1] and set a design benchmark which was echoed in the logos of the next five games.

In recent years the logo has been regarded as one of New Zealand's iconic symbols, being reproduced on clothing and elsewhere.[2][3]

TelevisionEdit

The Games were also an important milestone in New Zealand television, marking the introduction of colour television. However, due to the NZBC's limited colour facilities, only athletics, swimming, and boxing could be broadcast in colour.

Meanwhile, paralleling the Television coverage, the National Film Unit produced Games '74, a fine feature-length documentary of the Christchurch games (and the many events) in full colour. This has since been restored and is available on DVD.

Royal familyEdit

The Games were the last time that the entire immediate British Royal Family (Elizabeth II, her husband and children) visited New Zealand as a group. The Royal Yacht Britannia was the royal residence during the games.

Opening ceremonyEdit

The opening ceremony was held in the mid afternoon, with Prince Philip as the attending royal. A fanfare announced the guard of honour by the New Zealand Defence Forces, inspected by Prince Philip. This was followed by the raising of flags of the past, present, and future hosts. God Save the Queen was sung. The field was then invaded by 2500 school children in red, white and blue rain slicks all forming in the centre to create the NZ74 symbol. A Māori concert group then performed action songs and a haka, before the teams march past. The athletes then took the oath and Sylvia Potts, the runner who fell mere meters from a gold medal finish in the 1970 Commonwealth Games, entered the stadium with the Queen's Baton. It was presented to Prince Philip who read the message from the Queen declaring the 1974 Christchurch 10th British Commonwealth Games open. The Commonwealth flag was then marched in and hauled up with a 21 gun salute.

Precedents setEdit

While the opening ceremony was a regimented and very formal affair, the late afternoon closing ceremony was anything but. This set a precedent for other closing ceremonies since then. With the formalities out of the way, the handing over of the flag to representatives of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, the athletes broke ranks and ran amok, much to the delight of the packed stadium and the Queen herself. A flypast of the then Red Checkers RNZAF display team brought the ceremony to a close as the Queen and Prince Philip did a lap of honour around the stadium and departed.

The youngest competitor at the games was New Zealander Rebecca Perrott, 12½; swimming for Fiji at the games, as her father was Registrar at the University of the South Pacific.[4]

Economic legacy aspectsEdit

Christchurch was (and still is) the smallest city to host the modern televised Commonwealth Games.[citation needed] This was the first games that tried using the "Olympic" look with a standard colour scheme for facilities, passes, flags, stationary, and above all uniforms (which wearers only borrowed, but could buy outright as a memento thus helping keep costs down).

Its striking NZ74 design logo is now a well used (sometimes illegally) symbol of New Zealand as a nation and Christchurch as a city. It is still copyright owned by Christchurch City Council but is allowed for free use unless for commercial gain. Badges, lapels, stationary and postcards are still in re-manufactured circulation.

This was also the first time that a city had asked the Games Federation to allow commercial advertising. This was voted down as the Federation feared that advertising by big corporations would remove focus away from the amateur ethos of the Games. As no commercial hoardings were allowed, Christchurch got around this with the use of "sponsorship", one example being General Motors providing a lease fleet of Holden HQ Kingswood sedans that would be sold off after the games. The cars are now sought after by private and museum collectors and have depreciated little in value. Air New Zealand allowed large NZ74 symbols to be placed on the fuselage sides of the airline's brand new McDonnell Douglas DC-10s, giving free advertising around the world. This in itself set a trend since with airlines vying to be "official airline" of a particular event.

Although the Games themselves were a success, making a then sizable profit of $500,000, the "sponsorship" was nowhere near enough. The City of Christchurch was left with a financial facilities management debt (QEII Park) of what would be in today's (2016) amount of NZ$120 million. This deterred the city from hosting major events until 1990 when the government stepped in with lotteries funding to clear the remaining debt. By then, Auckland's 1990 games had been fully commercialized.

Queen Elizabeth II Park The most visible facility left behind by the 1974 Commonwealth Games was the purpose built stadium and swimming complex. For a few years after, the stadium was a popular destination for sports and leisure patrons who were well indulged in first class facilities. However the costs of maintaining the complex grew over time and soon other additions included hydro-slides and fun park outside on the large grassed area that was once the race course. Christchurch City Council, the owner of the complex continued to develop the ground and for five years from 1990, allowed the Canterbury Greyhound Club to run a track on the inner oval. The main swimming pool was adapted so it could be decked over for Basketball and Netball. Football and Rugby League returned to the stadium in 1995 on a more permanent basis and a minor refurbishment of the track saw athletics events become a main summer event again. Early plans for a hosting of the 2022 Commonwealth Games were in hand when the September 2010 earthquake of around 7.1 hit near Christchurch and damaged the facility. Assessors immediately reported that the damage was repairable and could be covered by insurance. The swimming pools were drained to await repair when the more devastating 22 February 2011 earthquake struck Christchurch, damaging the entire facility, already weakened, beyond economic repair. After laying abandoned for three years, the stadium was demolished and by 2016 the ground stabilized in preparation of more economical facilities and a connecting high school.

Future 2026/2030 Bids proposals As a rebuilding legacy, there have been calls for Christchurch to bid for the new style Commonwealth Games that allow a core central city to host a more nationwide event. This has been seen as a more economical format for smaller cities, and countries to host what had become an expensive event for a singular city to host.

Medals by countryEdit

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Australia 29 28 25 82
2   England 28 31 21 80
3   Canada 25 19 18 62
4   New Zealand 9 8 18 35
5   Kenya 7 2 9 18
6   India 4 8 3 15
7   Scotland 3 5 11 19
8   Nigeria 3 3 4 10
9   Northern Ireland 3 1 2 6
10   Uganda 2 4 3 9
11   Jamaica 2 1 0 3
12   Wales 1 5 4 10
13   Ghana 1 3 5 9
14   Zambia 1 1 1 3
15   Malaysia 1 0 3 4
16   Tanzania 1 0 1 2
17   Saint Vincent 1 0 0 1
18   Trinidad and Tobago 0 1 1 2
  Western Samoa 0 1 1 2*
20   Singapore 0 0 1 1
  Swaziland 0 0 1 1*
Total 121 121 132 374
  • * = First medal in the British Commonwealth Games.

Medals by eventEdit

AthleticsEdit

BadmintonEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's Singles Men   Punch Gunalan   Jamie Paulson   Derek Talbot
Men's Doubles Men   Elliot Stuart & Derek Talbot   Ray Stevens & Mike Tredgett   Punch Gunalan & Dominic Soong
Women's Singles Women   Gillian Gilks (Perrin)   Margaret Beck   Sylvia Ng
Women's Doubles Women   Margaret Beck & Gillian Gilks   Margaret Boxall & Sue Whetnall   Rosalind Singha Ang & Sylvia Ng
Mixed Doubles Mixed   Derek Talbot & Gillian Gilks   Paul Whetnall & Nora Gardner   Elliot Stuart & Sue Whetnall

BowlsEdit

BoxingEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight Men   Stephen Muchoki   James Odwori   Syed Abdul Kadir
  John Bambrick
Flyweight Men   Davy Larmour   Chandra Narayanan   Saliu Ishola
  John Byaruhanga
Bantamweight Men   Patrick Cowdell   Ali Rojo   Newton Chisanga
  Isaac Maina
Featherweight Men   Eddie Ndukwu   Shadrack Odhiambo   Dale Andersen
  Samuel Mbugua
Lightweight Men   Ayub Kalule   Kayin Amah   Muniswami Venu
  Robert Colley
Light Welterweight Men   Obisia Nwankpa   Anthony Martey   Philip Mathenge
  James Douglas
Welterweight Men   Mohamed Muruli   Errol McKenzie   John Rodgers
  Steve Cooney
Light Middleweight Men   Lottie Mwale   Alex Harrison   Lance Revill
  Robert Davies
Middleweight Men   Frankie Lucas   Julius Luipa   Carl Speare
  Les Rackley
Light Heavyweight Men   Billy Knight   William Byrne   Gordon Ferris
  Isaac Ikhouria
Heavyweight Men   Neville Meade   Fatai Ayinla   Benson Masanda
  Vai Samu

CyclingEdit

TrackEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Time Trial Men   Dick Paris 00:01:12   John Nicholson 00:01:12   Ian Hallam 00:01:12
Sprint Men   John Nicholson   Xavier Mirander   Ian Atherly
Individual Pursuit Men   Ian Hallam 00:05:05   Willi Moore 00:05:12   Gary Sutton 00:05:09
Team Pursuit Men   Mick Bennett, Richard Evans, Ian Hallam & Willi Moore 00:04:41   Murray Hall, Kevin Nichols, Garry Reardon & Gary Sutton 00:04:49   Paul Brydon, René Hyde, Russell Nant & Blair Stockwell overtook
10 Miles Scratch Men   Steve Heffernan 00:20:51   Murray Hall 00:20:52   Ian Hallam 00:20:52
Tandem Men   Geoffrey Cooke & Ernest Crutchlow 10.74   John Rush & Danny O'Neill   Paul Medhurst & Philip Harland

RoadEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Road Race Men   Clyde Sefton 05:07:17   Phil Griffiths 05:07:46   Remo Sansonetti 05:17:27

DivingEdit

Men's events
Event Gold Silver Bronze
3 Metres Springboard Diving   Don Wagstaff 531.54   Scott Cranham 509.61   Trevor Simpson 489.69
10 Metres Highboard [Platform] Diving   Don Wagstaff 490.74   Andrew Jackomos 472.47   Scott Cranham 460.98
Women's events
Event Gold Silver Bronze
3 Metres Springboard Diving   Cindy Shatto 430.88   Beverley Boys 426.93   Teri York 413.83
10 Metres Highboard [Platform] Diving   Beverley Boys 361.95   Beverley Williams 352.14   Madeleine Barnett 339.3

ShootingEdit

PistolEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Free Pistol Men/Open   Jules Sobrian 549   Norman Harrison 549   Laslo Antal 543
Rapid-Fire Pistol Men/Open   William Hare 586   Jules Sobrian 583   Bruce McMillan 581

RifleEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Small Bore Rifle Men/Open   Yvonne Gowland 594   Bill Watkins 591   Alister Allan 591
Full Bore Rifle Men/Open   Maurice Gordon 387.26   Colin McEachran 386.27   James Spaight 383.35

ShotgunEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Trap Men/Open   John Primrose 196   Brian Bailey 193   Philip Lewis 191
Skeet Men/Open   Harry Willsie 194   Joe Neville 191   Robin Bailey 189

SwimmingEdit

Men's events
Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle   Michael Wenden (AUS) 52.73   Bruce Robertson (CAN) 53.78   Brian Phillips (CAN) 54.11
200 m freestyle   Steve Badger (AUS) 1:56.72   Bruce Robertson (CAN) 1:57.21   Michael Wenden (AUS) 1:57.83
400 m freestyle   John Kulasalu (AUS) 4:01.44   Brad Cooper (AUS) 4:02.12   Steve Badger (AUS) 4:04.07
1500 m freestyle   Steve Holland (AUS) 15:34.73   Mark Treffers (NZL) 15:59.82   Steve Badger (AUS) 16:22.23
100 m backstroke   Mark Tonelli (AUS) 59.65   Steve Pickell (CAN) 59.88   Brad Cooper (AUS) 1:00.17
200 m backstroke   Brad Cooper (AUS) 2:06.31   Mark Tonelli (AUS) 2:09.47   Robert Williams (AUS) 2:09.83
100 m breaststroke   David Leigh (ENG) 1:06.52   David Wilkie (SCO) 1:07.37   Paul Naisby (ENG) 1:08.52
200 m breaststroke   David Wilkie (SCO) 2:24.42   David Leigh (ENG) 2:24.75   Paul Naisby (ENG) 2:27.36
100 m butterfly   Neil Rogers (AUS) 56.58   Byron MacDonald (CAN) 56.83   Bruce Robertson (CAN) 56.84
200 m butterfly   Brian Brinkley (ENG) 2:04.51   Ross Seymour (AUS) 2:06.64   John Coutts (NZL) 2:07.03
200 m individual medley   David Wilkie (SCO) 2:10.11   Brian Brinkley (ENG) 2:12.73   Gary MacDonald (CAN) 2:12.98
400 m individual medley   Mark Treffers (NZL) 4:35.90   Brian Brinkley (ENG) 4:41.29   Raymond Terrell (ENG) 4:42.94
4×100 m freestyle relay   Canada (CAN)
Brian Phillips
Bruce Robertson
Gary MacDonald
Ian MacKenzie
3:33.79   Australia (AUS)
Michael Wenden
Neil Rogers
Peter Coughlan
Ross Patterson
3:34.26   England (ENG)
Brian Brinkley
Colin Cunningham
Keith Walton
Raymond Terrell
3:38.22
4×200 m freestyle relay   Australia (AUS)
John Kulasalu
Michael Wenden
Robert Nay
Steve Badger
7:50.13   England (ENG)
Brian Brinkley
Colin Cunningham
Neil Dexter
Raymond Terrell
7:52.90   Canada (CAN)
Bruce Robertson
Gary MacDonald
Ian MacKenzie
Jim Fowlie
7:53.38
4×100 m medley relay   Canada (CAN)
Brian Phillips
Bruce Robertson
Steve Pickell
William Mahony
3:52.93   Australia (AUS)
Mark Tonelli
Michael Wenden
Neil Rogers
Nigel Cluer
3:55.76   England (ENG)
Brian Brinkley
Colin Cunningham
David Leigh
Stephen Nash
4:00.48
Women's events
Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle   Sonya Gray 59.13   Gail Amundrud 59.36   Judy Wright 59.46
200 m freestyle   Sonya Gray 00:02:04   Jenny Turrall 00:02:07   Gail Amundrud 00:02:07
400 m freestyle   Jenny Turrall 00:04:22   Wendy Quirk 00:04:23   Jaynie Parkhouse 00:04:23
800 m freestyle   Jaynie Parkhouse 00:08:58   Jenny Turrall 00:08:59   Rosemary Milgate 00:08:59
100 m backstroke   Wendy Cook 00:01:06   Donna Gurr 00:01:07   Linda Young 00:01:08
200 m backstroke   Wendy Cook 00:02:20   Sandra Yost 00:02:22   Donna Gurr 00:02:24
100 m breaststroke   Christine Gaskell 00:01:16   Marion Stuart 00:01:17   Sandra Dickie 00:01:17
200 m breaststroke   Pat Beavan 00:02:43   Beverley Whitfield 00:02:44   Allison Smith 00:02:45
100 m butterfly   Patti Stenhouse 00:01:05   Kim Wickham 00:01:06   Sandra Yost 00:01:06
200 m butterfly   Sandra Yost 00:02:21   Patti Stenhouse 00:02:21   Gail Neall 00:02:22
200 m individual medley   Leslie Cliff 00:02:24   Becky Smith 00:02:25   Susan Hunter 00:02:26
400 m individual medley   Leslie Cliff 00:05:01   Becky Smith 00:05:04   Susan Hunter 00:05:07
4 × 100 m freestyle relay   Canada 00:03:57   Australia 00:04:02   England 00:04:06
4 × 100 m medley relay   Canada 00:04:25   Australia 00:04:31   Scotland 00:04:32

WeightliftingEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Flyweight – Overall Men   Precious McKenzie (ENG) 215   Anil Mondal (IND) 200   John McNiven (SCO) 192.5
Bantamweight – Overall Men   Michael Adams (AUS) 222.5   Yves Carignan (CAN) 212.5   Shanmug Velliswamy (IND) 212.5
Featherweight – Overall Men   George Vasiliades (AUS) 237.5   Gerald Hay (AUS) 235   Brian Duffy (NZL) 232.5
Lightweight – Overall Men   George Newton (ENG) 260   Ieuan Owen (WAL) 255   Bruce Cameron (NZL) 252.5
Middleweight – Overall Men   Tony Ebert (NZL) 275   Stanley Bailey (TRI) 275   Robert Wrench (WAL) 270
Light Heavyweight – Overall Men   Tony Ford (ENG) 302.5   Paul Wallwork (SAM) 300   Mike Pearman (ENG) 292.5
Middle Heavyweight – Overall Men   Nicolo Ciancio (AUS) 330   Brian Marsden (NZL) 315   Steve Wyatt (AUS) 310
Heavyweight – Overall Men   Russ Prior (CAN) 352.5   John Bolton (NZL) 340   John Barrett (NZL) 320
Super Heavyweight – Overall Men   Graham May (NZL) 342.5   Andy Kerr (ENG) 337.5   Terry Perdue (WAL) 330

WrestlingEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight Men   Mitchell Kawasaki (CAN)   Wally Koenig (AUS)   Radhey Shyam (IND)
Flyweight Men   Sudesh Kumar (IND)   Gordon Bertie (CAN)   John Navie (AUS)
Bantamweight Men   Prem Nath (IND)   Amrik Singh (ENG)   Kevin Burke (AUS)
Featherweight Men   Egon Beiler (CAN)   Shivaji Chingle (IND)   Ray Brown (AUS)
Lightweight Men   Jagrup Singh (IND)   Joe Gilligan (ENG)   Stephen Martin (CAN)
Welterweight Men   Raghunath Pawar (IND)   Tony Shacklady (ENG)   Gordon Mackay (NZL)
Middleweight Men   Dave Aspin (NZL)   Satpal Singh (IND)   Taras Hyrb (CAN)
Light Heavyweight Men   Terry Paice (CAN)   Netra Pal Singh (IND)   Maurice Allan (SCO)
Heavyweight Men   Claude Pilon (CAN)   Dadu Chaugule (IND)   Ian Duncan (SCO)
Super Heavyweight Men   Bill Benko (CAN)   Bishwanath Singh (IND)   Gary Knight (NZL)

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Commonwealth games symbol protection act 1974
  2. ^ Ferrit
  3. ^ Zeald.com
  4. ^ Wellington's swim queen in "The Wellingtonian", 21 March 2013 p12

ReferencesEdit

Official History of the Xth British Commonwealth Games edited by A. R. Cant (1974, Christchurch)

External linksEdit


Preceded by
Edinburgh
British Commonwealth Games
Christchurch
X British Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Edmonton