1971: Beyond Borders

1971: Beyond Borders is a 2017 Indian Malayalam-language war film written and directed by Major Ravi. It is the fourth installment in the Major Mahadevan film series, with Mohanlal reprising his role as Colonel Mahadevan and a new character, Major Sahadevan. It also features Arunoday Singh and Allu Sirish. The film, set in two time periods, is based on the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and act as both prequel and follow-up to the series. Mohanlal's and Sirish's characters were modeled on Hoshiar Singh and Arun Khetarpal, both of whom were awarded the Param Vir Chakra for their roles in the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War.[2]

1971: Beyond Borders
1971 - Beyond Borders poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMajor Ravi
Produced byAndrew Johnson
Written by
Narrated byMammootty
Music by
CinematographySujith Vaassudev
Edited bySamjith MHD
Red Rose Creations
Distributed byRed Rose Release; Singapore: Singapore Coliseum
Release date
‹See TfM›
  • 7 April 2017 (2017-04-07) (India)
Running time
130 minutes[1]

Dialogues were written by Shiju Nambyath for the script of Ravi. The film was shot by Sujith Vaassudev, while Gopi Sunder provided the score. Siddharth Vipin, Najim Arshad, and Rahul Subramanian composed the soundtrack. Principal photography commenced on 31 October 2016 in Suratgarh, Rajasthan and completed on 5 February 2017 in Georgia. 1971: Beyond Borders released on 7 April 2017 in India. Originally made in Malayalam language, the film was dubbed and released in Telugu as Yuddha Bhoomi.


The film starts in Georgia where a Pakistani UN Peace Keeping Forces reaches a building where Gangsters are hiding. As the counter insurgency operation begins, the insurgents open fire. The team is stuck in cross firing and calls for reinforcements. At that time an Indian UN Peace Keeping Forces reaches there and rescues the contingent. The leader of the contingent is Major Mahadevan. He meets the leader of the Pakistani contingent whose name is Ajmal Raja Akram. He reveals that he is the son of Major Raja Akram. At a function to honour the UN Peace Keeping Forces, Ajmal reveals that his father was killed in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. On hearing about this Mahadevan reveals that his father, Major Sahadevan, killed Ajmal's father.

The story shifts to 1971 when Bangladesh was fighting for secession from Pakistan. On 3 December 1971, Indian airfields are attacked in retaliation to which Indira Gandhi announces war. After the announcement the entire army is rallied and leaves are cancelled. The war starts when the Pakistan Army Armoured Corps attack Indian positions at the Basantar river. The Indians are not prepared and face a defeat. The Pakistani Army takes many POWs. The prisoners are tortured by the army men while Raja notices this and reprimands his senior officer for violating the Geneva Convention which state that POWs should be treated like guests to which his senior officer is not happy.

Later, the Indians launch a full offensive against the Pakistanis in which one of their best tank commander Chinmay is martyred. On seeing Chinmay's face Raja remarks that such a young boy had destroyed six tanks. He declares ceasefire to let the Indian Army collect the body. On seeing Chinmay's death the Indian Army vows to take revenge. The Battle of Basantar begins with heavy casualties on both sides. In the end, Raja and Sahadevan face each other in a one on one battle which is won by Sahadevan. At the same time, Pakistan surrenders unconditionally and ceasefire is declared. Sahadevan is disturbed by the deaths of the Indian soldiers and the Pakistani soldiers. He resolves that there should be no more wars as it leads to death and destruction.




The film is set in two time periods, with Mohanlal playing both Colonel Mahadevan and his son Major Sahadevan. The film will also see his transition from a Major to a Colonel. The film is based on a true incident and explores the friendship and life of two army officials. Mohanlal will be appearing in his fourth film as Mahadevan after Keerthi Chakra (2006), Kurukshetra (2008), and Kandahar (2010). Ravi said in an interview in October 2015, that unlike the previous films in the series, Beyond Borders will be more like his last military film Picket 43 (2015), that "the focus will be on the individuals rather than the war, and will portray the relationships that are forged during the war".[3] Rahul Subramaniam, Siddharth Vipin, and Najim Arshad is composing the music for the film.

In early August 2016, Bollywood actor Arunoday Singh was confirmed playing the role of Lieutenant colonel (Lt. Col.) Rana Sharif, a soldier of Pakistan Army. Before zeroing in Singh, there were talks with other actors. Ravi was particularly looking for a Bollywood actor to play the role. Singh's character was modeled after a real life soldier in the Pakistan Frontier Force Regiment during the 1971 war. Ravi said, it is not a negative role that he is also fighting for his country and will have equal importance as Mahadevan.[4] On 22 October 2016, Telugu actor Allu Sirish himself confirmed his role in the film by announcing in Twitter.[5] He plays Lieutenant (Lt.) Chinmay, an armoured tank Commando, of the wing headed by Mahadevan. It is the Malayalam film debut of Sirish. Ravi was looking for younger actors to play the role.[6] Mumbai-based model Priyanka Agrawal was signed to appear as Shariff's wife, in two different appearances—as a 65 year old and as her younger self. Hers is one among the two leading female roles in the film. It is also her feature film debut.[7]

In early December 2016, it was confirmed that the production team negotiated with Nikki Galrani to play a Tamilian girl, a love interest of Chinmay, played by Sirish. She was busy with her Tamil films, but attracted as a Mohanlal film and the debut of Sirish, she agreed on verbal terms.[8] Galrani later opted out from the film in early January 2017 due to a schedule change and conflicting date issues with some of her Tamil films in contract. Her portions opposite Sirish were supposed to be shot at Pollachi the same month.[9] She was replaced by Srushti Dange, making her debut into Malayalam cinema.[10] Zoya Zayed Khan was confirmed in December 2016, to play a traditional Pakistani doctor. She is acting alongside Singh. Khan was cast after a screen test. Shafeeq Rahman was cast as Jayakrishnan, one of the soldiers under Mahadevan's command.[11] Saiju Kurup and Sudheer Karamana also plays soldiers, among others.[12][13] Asha Sarath is paired opposite to Mohanlal's Sahadevan, the mother role of Mahadevan.


The filming commenced on 31 October 2016 at Suratgarh in Rajasthan, India.[14] Art director Saloo K. George built huge sets resembling army camps and bunkers. Built in Kochi, Kerala, they were transported to Rajasthan. The filming was conducted in the deserts of Rajasthan, the Viper population was highest in that area, the crew unaware of it first, immediately ordered antivenoms and worn heavy shoes on reaching the location. Chest congestion often occurred to the crew.[15] Sirish joined filming on 5 November 2016. Indian army base in Arjungarh, Junagarh and Mahajan in Bikaner were some of the filming locations in Rajasthan.[16][17] After 25 days of filming, the schedule was wrapped on 23 November 2016.[18] There was also a schedule in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir.[19]

The next few schedules underwent at various location in Kerala, beginning in Pattambi, Palakkad district. The Indo-Pakistani war sequences were planned to shoot at Uganda,[15] later they decided to film it in Georgia instead, following the Kerala schedule. After finishing in Pattambi, they shifted to nearby Ottapalam in early January 2017.[17] Then to Perumbavoor, Ernakulam district in the third week of January 2017, where sets were built resembling North Indian borders and warfare trenches. It was constructed in a 40 acre reclaimed land near Perumbavoor. Mohanlal joined the location on 16 January 2017, filming held during day and night.[20]

The team began filming its final schedule in Georgia on 31 January 2017 for a week. Beyond Borders is the first Malayalam film to be shot in the Eurasian country.[21] Major Mahadevan's action sequences was shot in Georgia who is in a UN peacekeeping mission. The filming wrapped on 5 February 2017.[22]


The film will feature four songs composed by three music directors—Najim Arshad, Siddharth Vipin, and Rahul Subramanian. The film score is composed by Gopi Sunder. Singer Arshad debuts as a music director through the film. He composed a Hindi patriotic song written by a Kolkata-based lyricist named Kamal Karthik, the song come towards the end of the film.[23] Vipin known for his compositions in Tamil films, is composing two songs—one is a romantic song picturised in the locations in Kerala. The other one is a motivational song that will follow after a speech delivered by Mohanlal's character.[19] Subramanian composed a nostalgic song, sung by M. G. Sreekumar and featuring Mohanlal and Asha Sarath.[24]

1971: Beyond Borders (soundtrack)
No.TitleLyricsMusicPerformer (s)Length
1."Oruvakkinal Vida"Nikhil S. MathattilRahul SubrahmanianM. G. Sreekumar, Swetha Mohan 
2."Pesipokuthu"Mohan RajanSiddharth VipinVipin Lal, N. K. Priyanka, Meenakshi Ilayaraja 
3."Armaan Hasare"Kamal KarthikNajim ArshadHariharan, Chorus (Arshad, Vipin, Shyam) 
4."Sarhade Layi"Kamal KarthikNajim ArshadNajim Arshad, Vipin Xavier 
5."Dooreyaavani"Jyothish T. KassiSiddharth VipinVipin Lal, Merin Gregory, Sithara 
6."Oruvakkinal (R)"Nikhil S. MathattilRahul SubrahmanianSwetha Mohan, M. G. Sreekumar 
7."Dooreyaavani (R)"Jyothish T. KassiSiddharth VipinVipin Lal, Sahana, Sithara 


1971: Beyond Borders released on 7 April 2017 in India.[25] The Telugu dubbed version titled Yuddha Bhoomi (Battlefield) was released on 29 June 2018. The Tamil version was released later. The film released in its original version on 13 April 2017 in GCC countries. The television broadcast right of 1971: Beyond Borders was bought by Amrita TV for an amount of ₹5.5 crore.[26]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "1971: Beyond Borders". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  2. ^ "The thrill lies in being the first person to do something that has not been done before: Mohanlal".
  3. ^ Sidhardhan, Sanjith (24 October 2015). "Mohanlal in Major Ravi's next!". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  4. ^ Sidhardhan, Sanjith (10 August 2010). "Arunoday Singh's debut in M-town as a Pak army officer". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  5. ^ Hooli, Shekhar H. (23 October 2016). "After Allu Arjun, his brother Sirish to make Malayalam debut with Mohanlal's 1971: Beyond Borders". International Business Times. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  6. ^ Subramanian, Anupama (26 October 2016). "Allu Sirish forays into Mollywood". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  7. ^ Sidhardhan, Sanjith (31 October 2016). "Priyanka Agrawal joins Mohanlal's next". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  8. ^ Sidhardhan, Sanjith (12 December 2016). "Mohanlal is a busy bee". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  9. ^ George, Anjana (14 January 2017). "Nikki Galrani not part of Major Ravi's upcoming war drama". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  10. ^ Sreekumar, Priya (28 December 2016). "Pathani girl beyond borders: Zoya Zayed Khan". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  11. ^ Nechiyil, Sahla (2 January 2017). "Playing the villain again". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  12. ^ Suresh, Meera (10 January 2017). "'Slapstick comedy is not my forte'". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  13. ^ Suresh, Meera (24 November 2016). "100 and running". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  14. ^ Sidhardhan, Sanjith (2 November 2016). "Mohanlal starts shooting for Major Ravi's next". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  15. ^ a b Alexander, Princy (12 December 2016). "A shoot amid hidden dangers". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  16. ^ Hooli, Shekhar H. "Mohanlal's 1971 - Beyond Borders shoot: Allu Sirish completes first schedule". International Business Times. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  17. ^ a b Sidhardhan, Sanjith (17 January 2017). "It's Georgia, not Uganda for Mohanlal's next". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  18. ^ Onmanorama Staff (23 November 2016). "Allu Sirish exhausted after shooting for Mohanlal film '1971'". Malayala Manorama. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  19. ^ a b Sundar, Mrinalini (14 January 2017). "Siddharth Vipin's next is a war-based film". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  20. ^ Mathrubhumi (17 January 2017). "This reclaimed land in Perumbavoor is the Indo-Pak border in Mohanlal film". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  21. ^ സ്വന്തം ലേഖകൻ (31 January 2017). "ബിയോണ്ട് ദ് ബോർഡേർസ് ജോർജിയയിൽ ചിത്രീകരിക്കുന്ന ആദ്യമലയാളചിത്രം". Malayala Manorama. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  22. ^ Sidhardhan, Sanjith (6 February 2017). "Colonel Mahadevan to lead a UN mission in his war drama". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  23. ^ Onmanorama Staff (17 November 2016). "Singer Najim Arshad turns composer with Mohanlal film". Malayala Manorama. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  24. ^ DC (5 February 2017). "Rahul Subrahmanian: Building his own realm". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  25. ^ Upadhyaya, Prakash (27 January 2017). "Rockline Venkatesh ventures into Malayalam; to produce Mohanlal's next film". International Business Times. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  26. ^ Krishnakumar, G. (3 February 2017). "In the ₹100-crore league and cautious still". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 May 2019.

External linksEdit