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On November 19, 1968, a B-52 crashed at Kadena Air Base, on the island of Okinawa, Japan.

1968 Kadena Air Base B-52 crash
B-52 55-0103 Crash site, Kadena, AFB.jpg
The crash site of B-52 55-0103 at Kadena Air Base
Accident
Date19 November 1968 (1968-11-19)
SummaryAborted take-off with runway overrun
SiteKadena Air Base, Okinawa
26°22′8.06″N 127°46′55.50″E / 26.3689056°N 127.7820833°E / 26.3689056; 127.7820833Coordinates: 26°22′8.06″N 127°46′55.50″E / 26.3689056°N 127.7820833°E / 26.3689056; 127.7820833
Aircraft
Aircraft typeBoeing B-52D Stratofortress
Aircraft namecall-sign: "Gold 2" (or "Cream 2"[1])
OperatorUnited States Air Force (USAF), 4252d Strategic Wing (4252d SW )
Registration55-0103
Flight originKadena Air Base
StopoverOperation Arc Light
DestinationKadena Air Base
Crew7
Fatalities2
Survivors5

Contents

Aborted takeoffEdit

The United States Air Force (USAF) Strategic Air Command (SAC) B-52D Stratofortress (serial number 55-103) of the 4252d Strategic Wing had a full bomb load and broke up and caught fire after the aircraft aborted takeoff at Kadena Air Base while it was conducting an Operation Arc Light bombing mission to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam War.[2][3]

The pilot was able to keep the aircraft on the ground and bring the aircraft to a stop while preventing a much larger catastrophe.[1] The aircraft came to rest near the edge of the Kadena's perimeter, some 250 m (820 ft) from the Chibana ammunition depot.[2][1]


 
Thousands of artillery projectiles at Chibana Army Ammunition Depot, February 1969
 
Tens of thousands of artillery projectiles at Chibana Army Ammunition Depot, September 1969

Resultant fire and explosionEdit

The fire resulting from the aborted takeoff ignited the aircraft's fuel and detonated the 30,000 lb (14,000 kg) bomb load of twenty-four 500 lb (230 kg) bombs, (twelve under each wing) and forty two 750 lb (340 kg) bombs inside the bomb bay and caused a blast so powerful that it created an immense crater under the burning aircraft some 30 ft (9.1 m) deep and 60 ft (18 m) across.[2] The blast blew out the windows in the dispensary at Naha Air Base (now Naha Airport), 23 miles (37 km) away and damaged 139 houses.[1][4][5]

Recovery and investigationEdit

The aircraft was reduced "to a black spot on the runway"[3] The blast was so large that Air Force spokesman had to announce that there had only been conventional bombs on board.[4] Nothing remained of the aircraft except landing gear and engine assemblies, the tail turret, a few bombs, and some loose explosive that had not detonated.[2][1] Very small fragments of aircraft metal from the enormous blast were "spread like confetti," leaving the crew to use a double entendre to refer to the cleanup work, calling it, "'52 Pickup."[1] The remnants of the aircraft were sent to Wichita, Kansas for analysis.[1] The Electronic Warfare Officer and the Crew Chief later died from burn injuries after being evacuated from Okinawa.[2][1] Two Okinawan workers were also injured in the blasts.[3]

Had the aircraft become airborne, it might have crashed about 1412 mi (400–800 m)[verification needed] north of the runway and directly into the Chibana ammunition storage depot creating "monumental destruction".[1] The Chibana depot stored ammunition, bombs, high explosives, and tens of thousands artillery shells and is now known to have held warheads for 19 different atomic and thermonuclear weapons systems in the hardened weapon storage areas. The weapons included W28 warheads used in the MGM-13 Mace cruise missile and W31 warheads used in MGR-1 Honest John and MIM-14 Nike-Hercules (Nike-H) missiles.[6]

The storage depot at Chibana also included 52 igloos in the Project Red Hat chemical weapons storage area and presumably Project 112's biological Agents.[7][8][9][10]

The crash led to demands to remove the B-52s from Okinawa and strengthened a push for the reversion from U.S. rule in Okinawa.[3][5] Okinawans had correctly suspected that the Chibana depot held nuclear weapons.[1] The crash sparked fears that another potential disaster on the island could put the chemical and nuclear stockpile and the surrounding population in jeopardy and increased the urgency of moving them to a less populated and less active storage location.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Thunder in the Night, B-52 Crash at Kadena AFB, November 19, 1968, Eyewitnesses Captain Gary Sible, SP5 Tom Madracki, John Logan, et al". Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2012.[self-published source?]
  2. ^ a b c d e B-52 Crash at Kadena AFB (Report). 19 November 1968. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2012.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b c d "U.S. Plane Crashes in Okinawa". Pacific Stars and Stripes. Japan. 19 November 1968.
  4. ^ a b "Bomber Explodes at Kadena". Pacific Stars and Stripes, Okinawa Bureau. Okinawa. 20 November 1968.
  5. ^ a b "Okinawa Asks B-52 Removal". Pacific Stars and Stripes. Japan. 21 November 1968.
  6. ^ "United States Secretly Deployed Nuclear Bombs In 27 Countries and Territories During Cold War". Archived from the original on 11 August 2002. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  7. ^ Mitchell, Jon (4 December 2012). "'Were we Marines Used as Guinea Pigs on Okinawa?'". The Japan Times. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  8. ^ Steve Rabson (14 January 2013). "Okinawa's Henoko was a "storage location" for nuclear weapons:". The Asia-Pacific Journal. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  9. ^ Organizational History- 267th Chemical Company, Letter of Capt. Charles H. Vogeler RIBCD-267CML (March 26, 1966)
  10. ^ Dale Van Atta (29 April 2008). With Honor: Melvin Laird in War, Peace, and Politics. Univ of Wisconsin Press. pp. 570–. ISBN 978-0-299-22683-1. Retrieved 15 April 2013.