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On 16 January 1965, a U.S. Air Force Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker crashed in the central United States, in a neighborhood in Wichita, Kansas, near McConnell Air Force Base.[1] This resulted in the deaths of all seven crew members on board the aircraft and an additional twenty-three people on the ground.[2][3]

Boeing KC-135 USAF 38022 McConnell AFB (6221006622).jpg
A US Air Force Boeing KC–135 Stratotanker, similar to the accident aircraft
Accident
DateJanuary 16, 1965
SummaryLoss of control
due to malfunction
of rudder control system
Sitenear McConnell AFB
Wichita, Kansas, U.S.
37°43′13″N 97°18′47″W / 37.7202°N 97.3131°W / 37.7202; -97.3131Coordinates: 37°43′13″N 97°18′47″W / 37.7202°N 97.3131°W / 37.7202; -97.3131
Aircraft
Aircraft typeBoeing KC-135A-BN Stratotanker
OperatorUnited States Air Force
Strategic Air Command
Registration57-1442
Flight originMcConnell Air Force Base
DestinationMcConnell Air Force Base
Passengers0
Crew7
Fatalities30 (23 on the ground)
Injuriesat least 27 (on the ground)
Survivors0

This accident is the deadliest aviation disaster to occur in Kansas.[4] It is also the second-deadliest aircraft accident in the United States involving victims on the ground, after the Green Ramp disaster in 1994, which killed 24 people on the ground.[5]

Contents

Accident detailsEdit

 
Aftermath of the crash in a neighborhood outside of McConnell Air Force Base

At 9:28 a.m. CST (3:28 p.m. UTC)[6] on Saturday, 16 January 1965, a Boeing KC-135A-BN Stratotanker, serial number 57-1442, took off from the McConnell Air Force Base and gained very little altitude. During this time, the aircraft began to experience a large amount of yaw, and attempted to return to the airport.[7] The crew then began to dump large quantities of fuel from the aircraft's refueling tanks. Shortly after this, the aircraft made a hard bank to the left, and began to enter a roll. Unable to recover, the aircraft crashed into a suburban neighborhood at the intersection of Piatt and 20th Street, just three minutes after take-off.[6] The site is several blocks northwest of Wichita State University.[8]

The aerial refueling aircraft was loaded with 31,000 US gallons (120,000 l) of jet fuel,[9] and the crash resulted in a large explosion and subsequent fire, which engulfed dozens of homes. The accident killed all seven crew members on the aircraft and an additional twenty-three people on the ground.[7] In addition, at least twenty-seven people on the ground sustained injuries, three of which were serious.[6]

It was reported that the crew entry door was jettisoned and a B-52 Stratofortress bomber, which took off prior to the KC-135, may have blown a detached drag chute from an F-105 Thunderchief against the departing aircraft. These factors may have contributed to the crash.[7]

The aircraft and crew were based at Clinton-Sherman Air Force Base in west central Oklahoma,[2][8] less than 200 miles (320 km) to the southwest.

AftermathEdit

Ten months after the accident, the U.S. Air Force issued an official accident report that stated that the crash was caused by "a rudder control system malfunction," which was impossible for the crew to overcome.[4]

In 1971, the Piatt Memorial Park was opened to serve as a local recreational facility and a reminder of the tragedy. The park features several amenities, including a playground, a drinking fountain, and a basketball court.[10] On July 14, 2007, more than forty-two years after the accident, an airplane-shaped twelve by twenty-two foot Imperial Black Granite monument with the names of all thirty victims of the crash inscribed on it was unveiled at a ceremony.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Jet hits Wichita homes". Lawrence Journal-World. (Kansas). Associated Press. January 16, 1965. p. 1.
  2. ^ a b "Air crash tragedy mounts in Wichita". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. January 17, 1965. p. 1.
  3. ^ Rosenthal, Harry; McKnight, Joe (January 18, 1965). "Cleanup starts for Wichita in plane tragedy". Lawrence Journal-World. (Kansas). Associated Press. p. 1.
  4. ^ a b Grawe, Jim. "Wichita Airplane Crash 1965". Kansapedia. Kansapedia. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  5. ^ Brooks, Drew (May 23, 2014). "Survivors mark 20-year anniversary of Pope Air Force Base Green Ramp crash". Fayetteville Observer. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "Jet Rams Homes; 29 Die". Chicago Tribune (17). UPI. January 17, 1965. p. 1, sec. 1. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  7. ^ a b c "Accident Description (US Air Force 57-1442)". Aviation Safety Network. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Jet Tanker crashes in Wichita". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. January 16, 1965. p. 1.
  9. ^ Tanner, Beccy. "Hellish day recalled 50 years after Piatt Street plane crash". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Piatt Memorial Park". Wichita.gov. City of Wichita Park & Recreation. Archived from the original on 2017-01-08. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Piatt Plane Crash Memorial - Wichita, Kansas". SI Memorials. SI Memorials. Retrieved 6 January 2017.