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1963 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

The 1963 North Indian Ocean cyclone season had no bounds, but cyclones tend to form between April and December, with peaks in May and November. The season has no official bounds but cyclones tend to form between April and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northern Indian Ocean. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean—the Bay of Bengal to the east of the Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Sea to the west of India. The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center releases unofficial advisories. An average of four to six storms form in the North Indian Ocean every season with peaks in May and November.[1] Cyclones occurring between the meridians 45°E and 100°E are included in the season by the IMD.[2]

1963 North Indian Ocean cyclone season
1963 North Indian Ocean cyclone season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedJanuary 3, 1963
Last system dissipatedDecember 7, 1963
Strongest storm
NameThree
 • Maximum winds240 km/h (150 mph)
 • Lowest pressure920 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Depressions17
Deep depressions11
Cyclonic storms6
Very severe cyclonic storms4
Total fatalitiesAt least 11,735
Total damageUnknown
Related articles
North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone seasons
1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965

SystemsEdit

Deep Depression OneEdit

Deep Depression (IMD)
  
DurationJanuary 3 – January 5
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (3-min) 

[3]

Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm TwoEdit

Extremely severe cyclonic storm (IMD)
  
DurationMay 18 – May 29
Peak intensity195 km/h (120 mph) (3-min)  947 hPa (mbar)

On May 24, a reconnaissance aircraft flew into the 19 km (12 mi) eye of the storm, encountering winds of 193 km/h (120 mph).[4]

[5]

Super Cyclonic Storm ThreeEdit

Super cyclonic storm (IMD)
Category 5 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
  
DurationMay 25 – May 29
Peak intensity240 km/h (150 mph) (3-min)  920 hPa (mbar)

One of the strongest cyclones ever recorded in the Northern Indian Ocean. Had the lowest known pressure in the basin until it was surpassed by the 1977 Andhra Pradesh cyclone.[6] Killed 11,520 people in East Pakistan.[7]

Deep Depression FourEdit

Deep depression (IMD)
  
DurationJune 6 – June 8
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (3-min)  991 hPa (mbar)

Produced torrential rains over parts of eastern India, peaking at 910 mm (36 in) in Cherrapunji.[8]

Depression FiveEdit

Depression (IMD)
  
DurationJune 24 – June 26
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (3-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

[9]

Depression SixEdit

Depression (IMD)
  
DurationJuly 4 – July 6
Peak intensityWinds not specified 

[10]

Depression SevenEdit

Depression (IMD)
  
DurationAugust 9 – August 14
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (3-min)  991 hPa (mbar)

[11]

Deep Depression EightEdit

Deep Depression (IMD)
  
DurationAugust 9 – August 14
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (3-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Heavy rains from the storm triggered severe flooding that killed at least 200 people.[12]

Deep Depression NineEdit

Deep depression (IMD)
  
DurationSeptember 25 – September 28
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (3-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

At least 15 people were killed by flooding triggered by the depression in Orissa.[13]

Depression TenEdit

Depression (IMD)
  
DurationOctober 5 – October 7
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (3-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Some loss of life was reported in East Pakistan.[14]

Cyclonic Storm ElevenEdit

Cyclonic storm (IMD)
  
DurationOctober 13 – October 17
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (3-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

[15]

Very Severe Cyclonic Storm TwelveEdit

Very severe cyclonic storm (IMD)
  
DurationOctober 19 – October 24
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (3-min)  984 hPa (mbar)

Significant damage and flooding took place in India, with some loss of life reported.[16]

Depression ThirteenEdit

Depression (IMD)
  
DurationOctober 24 – October 26
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (3-min) 

[17]

Very Severe Cyclonic Storm FourteenEdit

Very severe cyclonic storm (IMD)
  
DurationOctober 26 – October 27
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (3-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

[18]

Depression FifteenEdit

Depression (IMD)
  
DurationNovember 24 – November 25
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (3-min) 

[19]

Cyclonic Storm SixteenEdit

Cyclonic storm (IMD)
  
DurationNovember 30 – December 7
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (3-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

[20]

Deep Depression SeventeenEdit

Deep depression (IMD)
  
DurationDecember 1 – December 4
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (3-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

[21]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IMD Cyclone Warning Services: Tropical Cyclones". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 4 November 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
  2. ^ "Report on Cyclonic Disturbances Over the North Indian During 2008". India Meteorological Department. January 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 29, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
  3. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Deep depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 1–2. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ David Membery (July 2002). "Monsoon tropical cyclones: Part 2". Weather. 57 (7): 246–255. Bibcode:2002Wthr...57..246M. doi:10.1256/004316502760195911.
  5. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Severe cyclonic storm in the Arabian Sea" (PDF). India Weather Review: 2–5. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  6. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Severe cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 6–9. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  7. ^ Neil L. Frank; S. A. Husain; National Hurricane Center, Pakistan Meteorological Department (June 1971). "The Deadliest Tropical Cyclone in History?". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 52 (6): 438–444. Bibcode:1971BAMS...52..438F. doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1971)052<0438:TDTCIH>2.0.CO;2.
  8. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Deep depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 9–11. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  9. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 11–12. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  10. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 12. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  11. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 12–13. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  12. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Deep depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 13–14. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  13. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Deep depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 15. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  14. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 16. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  15. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Cyclonic storm in the Arabian Sea" (PDF). India Weather Review: 16–18. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  16. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Severe cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 18–19. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  17. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 20. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  18. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Severe cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 20–22. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  19. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Depression in the Arabian Sea" (PDF). India Weather Review: 22. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  20. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Cyclonic storm in the Arabian Sea" (PDF). India Weather Review: 22–24. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  21. ^ India Meteorological Department (1963). "Annual Summary — Storms & Depressions: Deep depression in the Bay of Bengal" (PDF). India Weather Review: 24–26. Retrieved May 13, 2013.

External linksEdit