The year 1962 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- January 15 - The Derveni papyrus, which dates to 340 BCE, making it the oldest surviving manuscript in Europe, is discovered at a grave site in Macedonia (Greece).
- September 6 - Blackfriars Ship I discovered by Peter Marsden in London.
- October 8 - Bremen cog discovered in the Weser.
- Neolithic remains at Jiahu discovered by Zhu Zhi.
- First evidence for human occupation of Australia during the last glacial period discovered at Kenniff Cave, Queensland.
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- March: First Conference of Western Archaeologists on Problems of Point Typology at Idaho State College Museum.