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1960 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
- The men's Olympic Gold Medal:
- FIS Alpine World Ski Championships:
- NFL Championship: the Philadelphia Eagles won 17–13 over the Green Bay Packers at Franklin Field in Philadelphia
- Cotton Bowl (1959 season):
- National Football League names Pete Rozelle commissioner of the league. The league expands to Dallas for the 1960 season and Minneapolis-St.Paul for the 1961 season. The Chicago Cardinals relocate to St. Louis.
- The American Football League (AFL) played its first season
- First black pro football placekicker: Gene Mingo (Denver Broncos, AFL)
- First Hispanic pro football quarterback: Tom Flores (Oakland Raiders, AFL)
- AFL Championship: Houston Oilers won 24–16 over the Los Angeles Chargers
- World Series – Pittsburgh Pirates win 4 games to 3 over the New York Yankees. The Series MVP is New York's Bobby Richardson.
- October 13 – 1960 World Series Game 7 at Forbes Field – Pittsburgh Pirates player Bill Mazeroski becomes the first person to end a World Series with a home run, and still the only player to do it in the decisive seventh game.
- The Winnipeg Goldeyes win the Northern League championship.
- March 16 – Flash Elorde won the world junior lightweight title with a seventh-round knockout of Harold Gomes in Quezon City, Philippines.
- June – Floyd Patterson recovered the world heavyweight title from Ingemar Johansson, becoming the first-ever boxer to do so.
- September 5 – Cassius Clay wins the gold medal in boxing at the Rome Olympic Games.
- Masters Tournament – Arnold Palmer
- U.S. Open – Arnold Palmer
- British Open – Kel Nagle
- PGA Championship – Jay Hebert
- PGA Tour money leader – Arnold Palmer – $75,263
- Australia – Melbourne Cup won by
- Canada – Queen's Plate won by Victoria Park
- France – Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe won by Puissant Chef
- Ireland – Irish Derby Stakes won by Chamour
- English Triple Crown Races:
- United States Triple Crown Races:
- The American Olympic men's ice-hockey team won the United States' first Olympic hockey gold medal with a record of 7–0–0 during the tournament.
- Art Ross Trophy as the NHL's leading scorer during the regular season: Bobby Hull, Chicago Black Hawks
- Hart Memorial Trophy for the NHL's Most Valuable Player: Gordie Howe, Detroit Red Wings
- Stanley Cup – Montreal Canadiens win 4 games to 0 over the Toronto Maple Leafs
- World Hockey Championship
- Men's champion: Canada defeats the United States
- NCAA Men's Ice Hockey Championship – University of Denver Pioneers defeat Michigan Technological University Huskies 5–3 in Boston
- 1960 Summer Olympics held in Rome, Italy
- USSR wins the most medals (103), and the most gold medals (43)
- 1960 Winter Olympics held in Squaw Valley, United States
- USSR wins the most medals (21), and the most gold medals (7)
- First Paralympic Games held in Rome, Italy
- Italy wins the most medals (80) and the most gold medals (29)
- First Winter Universiade held in Chamonix, France
- June 12 – Marianne Heemskerk from the Netherlands breaks the world record in the women's 200m butterfly during a meet in Leipzig, East Germany – 2:34.4.
- July 10 – US swimmer Michael Troy breaks his own world record in the men's 200m butterfly (long course) at a meet in Evansville, Indiana, clocking 2:15.0.
- July 23 – Thirteen days after breaking his own world record in the men's 200m butterfly (long course) Troy once again betters the world's best time in that event, this time at a meet in Toledo, Ohio clocking 2:13.4.
- August 4 – Less than a month before the Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy, Troy again breaks the world record in the men's 200m butterfly (long course), when he clocks 2:13.2 at a meet in Detroit, Michigan.
- September 2 – Michael Troy wins the men's 200m butterfly (long course) at the Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy by breaking his own world record – 2:12.8.
- Australian Men's Singles Championship – Rod Laver (Australia) defeats Neale Fraser (Australia) 5–7, 3–6, 6–3, 8–6, 8–6
- Australian Women's Singles Championship – Margaret Smith Court (Australia) defeats Jan Lehane O'Neill (Australia) 7–5, 6–2
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – Neale Fraser (Australia) defeats Rod Laver (Australia) 6–4, 3–6, 9–7, 7–5
- Wimbledon Women's Singles Championship – Maria Bueno (Brazil) defeats Sandra Reynolds Price (South Africa) 8–6, 6–0
- French Men's Singles Championship – Nicola Pietrangeli (Italy) defeats Luis Ayala (Chile) 3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 4–6, 6–3
- French Women's Singles Championship – Darlene Hard (USA) defeats Yola Ramírez (Mexico) 6–3, 6–4
- American Men's Singles Championship – Neale Fraser (Australia) defeats Rod Laver (Australia) 6–4, 6–4, 9–7
- American Women's Singles Championship – Darlene Hard (USA) defeats Maria Bueno (Brazil) 6–4, 10–12, 6–4
- 1960 FIVB Men's World Championship in Rio de Janeiro won by the USSR
- "FA Cup final: Wigan's Whelan makes poignant Wembley return". BBC Sport. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
- "Muhammad Ali: The ultimate fighter". BBC Timelines. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
- Collection, The Horton (2015). Shoulder to Shoulder: Bicycle Racing in the Age of Anquetil. VeloPress. p. 182. ISBN 9781937716721.
- "hockey men - Olympic Hockey". International Olympic Committee. 15 May 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
- "Epsom Derby | History, Winners, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 3 January 2022.