1957 in spaceflight

The first orbital flight of an artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched in October 1957, by the Soviet Union. In November, the second orbital flight took place. The Soviet Union launched the first animal to orbit the Earth, a dog, Laika, who died in orbit a few hours after launch.

  • Thor, Atlas, and R-7 rocket families all have maiden flights this year, all three of which will have long legacies for the next 50+ years
  • Australia and the UK go to space with sounding rockets; first space launches from Australia
  • The R-12 makes its maiden flight
1957 in spaceflight
Dawn of the Space Age.jpg
Artist's impression of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, in orbit
Orbital launches
First4 October
Last6 December
Total3
Successes1
Failures1
Partial failures1
Catalogued2
National firsts
Spaceflight Australia
 United Kingdom
Satellite Soviet Union
Orbital launch Soviet Union
Rockets
Maiden flightsUnited States Vanguard
United States Farside
United States HJ-Nike-Nike
United States SM-78 Jupiter
United States Nike-Asp
United States XSM-75 Thor
United States XSM-65A Atlas
Soviet Union R-2A
Soviet Union R-7 Semyorka
Soviet Union Sputnik-PS
Soviet Union R-12 Dvina
Australia Long Tom
United Kingdom Skylark
RetirementsUnited States Viking (second model)
United States Aerobee RTV-N-10
United States Aerobee RTV-N-10c
United States Loki rockoon
United States Farside
United States Nike-Deacon
United States Terrapin
Soviet Union Sputnik-PS


LaunchesEdit

JanuaryEdit

January launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
8 January  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital REV test 8 January Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)[1]
13 January  R-1  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 13 January Successful[2]
14 January  R-1  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 14 January Successful[2]
15 January  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital REV test 15 January Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)[1]
19 January  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Nuclear weapon test 19 January Successful[3]
24 January  HJ-Nike  Wallops Island  NACA
NACA Suborbital REV test 24 January Successful
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)[4]
26 January  XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17B  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital Missile test 26 January Launch failure
Maiden launch of the SM-75 Thor missile, designated XSM-75 to indicate it was an experimental R&D launch; exploded on launch pad[5]
29 January  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital REV test 29 January Launch failure
Apogee: 0 kilometres (0 mi)[1]

FebruaryEdit

February launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
2 February
08:05
 Aerobee AJ10-34  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
 Firefly ARDC Suborbital Aeronomy 2 February Successful
Apogee: 140.6 kilometres (87.4 mi)[6]
7 February  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital REV test 7 February Successful
Apogee: 107 kilometres (66 mi)[1]
12 February
20:30
 Loki Rockoon II5.097  Guam  University of Iowa
University of Iowa Suborbital Fields 12 February Successful
Apogee: 75 kilometres (47 mi)[7]
14 February
20:05
 Loki Rockoon II5.098  Guam  University of Iowa
University of Iowa Suborbital Fields 14 February Successful
Apogee: 75 kilometres (47 mi)[7]
14 February  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital REV test 14 February Successful
Apogee: 141 kilometres (88 mi)[1]
17 February
21:36
 Loki Rockoon II5.099  Guam  University of Iowa
University of Iowa Suborbital Fields 17 February Successful
Apogee: 75 kilometres (47 mi)[7]
19 February  R-1  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 19 February Successful[2]
28 February  R-2  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 28 February Successful[8]

MarchEdit

March launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
1 March  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital REV test 1 March Successful
Apogee: 151 kilometres (94 mi)[1]
1 March
21:51
 SM-78 Jupiter  Cape Canaveral LC-5  US Air Force
ABMA Suborbital Missile test 1 March Launch failure
Apogee: 14 kilometres (8.7 mi), maiden flight of the SM-78 Jupiter missile; overheated and disintegrated[9]
11 March  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 11 March Successful[3]
11 March  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital REV test 11 March Successful
Apogee: 134 kilometres (83 mi)[1]
18 March  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 18 March Successful[3]
18 March  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 18 March Successful[3]
Live warhead used
21 March  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 21 March Successful[3]
21 March  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital REV test 21 March Successful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)[1]
28 March  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 28 March Successful[3]
29 March
04:51
 Aerobee RTV-N-10c NN2.26  White Sands LC-35  US Navy
NRL Suborbital UV astronomy 29 March Successful
Apogee: 135 kilometres (84 mi), final flight of the Aerobee RTV-N-10c[6]

AprilEdit

April launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
10 April  HJ-Nike  Wallops Island  NACA
NACA Suborbital REV test 10 April Successful
Apogee: 30 kilometres (19 mi)[4]
11 April
16:31
 Aerobee Hi  White Sands LC-35  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Vanguard instrumentation test 11 April Successful
Apogee: 204 kilometres (127 mi), tested equipment for the Vanguard rocket[10]
12 April  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Test flight 12 April Successful
Maiden flight of the R-2A, a scientific variant of the R-2[11]
14 April  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Test flight 14 April Successful[11]
20 April
04:33
 XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17B  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital Missile test 20 April Launch failure
Destroyed by range safety officer after console error gave erroneous indications that the missile was off course[5]
26 April
20:12
 SM-78 Jupiter  Cape Canaveral LC-5  US Air Force
ABMA Suborbital Test flight 26 April Partial failure
Apogee: 18 kilometres (11 mi)[9]
30 April
15:10
 Aerobee Hi  White Sands LC-35  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Meteorite research 30 April Successful
Apogee: 289 kilometres (180 mi), Navy variant designation: RV-N-13c[10]

MayEdit

May launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
1 May
06:29
 Viking (second model)  Cape Canaveral LC-18A  US Navy
 Vanguard TV-1 NRL Suborbital Vanguard third stage test 1 May Successful
Apogee: 195 kilometres (121 mi), final flight of the Viking; a second stage tested the future Vanguard third stage[12]
3 May
14:04
 Aerobee Hi  White Sands LC-35  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar UV 3 May Successful
Apogee: 204 kilometres (127 mi)[10]
15 May
07:55
 Jupiter-C  Cape Canaveral LC-6  ABMA
ABMA Suborbital Nose cone re-entry test 15 May Launch failure
Apogee: 655 kilometres (407 mi); gyroscope malfunctioned 134 seconds after launch and the nose cone was not recovered, but instruments indicated that the test may have been successful[13]
15 May
16:01
 R-7  Baikonur Site 1/5  MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 15 May Launch failure
Maiden flight of the R-7 and first launch of an ICBM. Engine fire in Block D booster rocket at liftoff, followed by premature separation 98 seconds after launch.[14]
16 May
02:14
 R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 / RAS Suborbital Test flight 16 May Successful[11]
16 May
03:18
 R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
RAS Suborbital Biological 16 May Successful
Apogee: 212 kilometres (132 mi), carried dogs[11]
22 May
03:00
 XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17B  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital Missile test 22 May Launch failure
Exploded on pad after valve malfunction caused pressure build up[5]
24 May  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
RAS Suborbital 24 May Successful[11]
29 May  R-2  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 29 May Successful[8]
31 May
18:08
 SM-78 Jupiter  Cape Canaveral LC-5  US Air Force
ABMA Suborbital Missile test 31 May Successful
Apogee: 402 to 482 kilometres (250 to 300 mi), first successful IRBM launched in the western world[9]

JuneEdit

June launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
June  R-1  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Same day Successful[2]
June  R-1  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Same day Successful[2]
5 June  R-2  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 5 June Successful[8]
7 June  R-2  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 7 June Successful[8]
7 June  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital ABM target 7 June Successful[11]
10 June  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital ABM target 10 June Successful[11]
11 June
19:37
 XSM-65A Atlas  Cape Canaveral LC-14  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital Test flight 11 June Partial failure
Apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi), maiden flight of the XSM-65A Atlas missile; destroyed by range safety after fuel system malfunction, but succeeded at other primary mission goals including launch mechanisms, airframe integrity, subsystems performance, and operating procedures[15]
14 June  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
 Vibrator OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 14 June Successful[3]
The Vibrator system was a non-contact explosive device
18 June
14:00
 Aerobee Hi AU4.26  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital Ionospheric 18 June Successful
Apogee: 171 kilometres (106 mi)[10]
22 June  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital ABM target 22 June Successful[11]
22 June  R-12  Kapustin Yar  MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 22 June Successful
Maiden flight of the R-12 missile[16]
23 June  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital ABM target 23 June Successful[11]
25 June
14:07
 Aerobee Hi AU4.27  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
ARDC Suborbital Ionospheric 25 June Successful
Apogee: 202 kilometres (126 mi)[10]
28 June  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital ABM target 28 June Successful[11]
28 June  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 28 June Successful[3]
28 June  R-5M  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
 Vibrator OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 28 June Successful[3]
The Vibrator system was a non-contact explosive device
29 June  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital ABM target 29 June Successful[11]

JulyEdit

July launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
3 July
09:28
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 3 July Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 July
17:15:40
 Aerobee-150 (Hi)  Churchill  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 4 July Successful
Apogee: 237 kilometres (147 mi)
4 July  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 4 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 July
05:17:56
 Aerobee-150 (Hi)  Churchill  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 5 July Launch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
5 July  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 5 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 July
12:53
 R-7 Semyorka  Baikonur Site 1/5  MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 12 July Launch failure
Control system short-circuited resulting in loss of control, boosters fell off 33 seconds after launch, apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
15 July
14:23
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 15 July Launch failure
Apogee: 28 kilometres (17 mi)
16 July  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 16 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 July  Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 16 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 July  Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 18 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 July  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 19 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 July  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 22 July Successful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
23 July
16:29
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 23 July Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
29 July
21:59
 Aerobee-150 (Hi)  Churchill  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy 29 July Successful
Apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
30 July
18:10
 Nike-Cajun  Churchill  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 30 July Launch failure
Apogee: 25 kilometres (16 mi)
July  R-12 Dvina  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July  R-12 Dvina  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July  R-12 Dvina  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

AugustEdit

August launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
5 August
11:53
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-1  SUI
SUI Suborbital Aeronomy 5 August
11:53
Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 August
12:20
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 5 August Launch failure
Apogee: 14 kilometres (8.7 mi)
5 August
16:59
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-2  SUI
SUI Suborbital 5 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
6 August
10:52
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-3  SUI
SUI Suborbital 6 August Successful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi)
6 August
15:30
 Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Solar 6 August Successful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
6 August
16:03
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-4  SUI
SUI Suborbital 6 August Successful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)
7 August
03:28
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-5  SUI
SUI Suborbital 7 August Launch failure
7 August
22:04
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-6  SUI
SUI Suborbital 7 August Launch failure
8 August
06:59
 Jupiter-C  Cape Canaveral LC-6  ABMA
ABMA Suborbital REV test 8 August Successful
Apogee: 460 kilometres (290 mi), re-entry vehicle recovered
8 August
07:17
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-7  SUI
SUI Suborbital 8 August Successful
Apogee: 132 kilometres (82 mi)
9 August  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 9 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
10 August
05:07
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-8  SUI
SUI Suborbital 10 August Successful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)
11 August
05:16
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-10  SUI
SUI Suborbital 11 August Launch failure
11 August
20:30
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-11  SUI
SUI Suborbital 11 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 August
07:48
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-12  SUI
SUI Suborbital 12 August Launch failure
12 August
13:55
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-13  SUI
SUI Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 August
01:58
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-14  SUI
SUI Suborbital 13 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 August  R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
 SOI OKB-1 Suborbital Solar 13 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 August
08:06
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-15  SUI
SUI Suborbital 14 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 August
20:00
 Loki Rockoon  USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-17  SUI
SUI Suborbital 14 August Successful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
16 August  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 16 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
21 August
21:25
 R-7 Semyorka  Baikonur Site 1/5  MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 21 August Successful
First successful R-7 launch. Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
23 August
21:54
 Nike-Cajun  Churchill  US Army
BRL Suborbital Test flight 23 August Successful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
24 August
06:00
 Nike-Cajun  Churchill  US Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy 24 August Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
25 August
02:23
 R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric 25 August Successful
Apogee: 206 kilometres (128 mi)
25 August
03:27
 R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 25 August Successful
Apogee: 208 kilometres (129 mi)
27 August
08:54
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 27 August Launch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
28 August
21:02
 SM-78 Jupiter  Cape Canaveral LC-26A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 28 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
29 August
14:12
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 29 August Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
30 August  XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test +92 seconds Launch failure
Disintegrated 92 seconds after launch
31 August
04:57
 Nike-Cajun  Churchill  US Air Force
NRL Suborbital Auroral 31 August Successful
Apogee: 115 kilometres (71 mi)
31 August
05:30
 R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Biological
31 August Successful
Apogee: 185 kilometres (115 mi)
August  R-12 Dvina  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
August  R-12 Dvina  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

SeptemberEdit

September launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
1 September
22:28
 Aerobee-150 (Hi)  Churchill  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 1 September Successful
Apogee: 160 kilometres (99 mi)
3 September  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 3 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 September
11:39
 R-7 Semyorka  Baikonur Site 1/5  MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 7 September Successful
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
9 September
15:50
 R-2A  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Biological
9 September Successful
Apogee: 212 kilometres (132 mi)
12 September
16:20
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 12 September Launch failure
Apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
15 September
13:27
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 15 September Launch failure
18 September
18:42
 Nike-Deacon  San Nicolas  US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 18 September Launch failure
Apogee: 21 kilometres (13 mi)
19 September
16:30
 Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 19 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), released caesium
20 September  XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17B  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 20 September Successful
First successful Thor launch, apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
21 September  Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 21 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 September
19:57
 XSM-65A Atlas  Cape Canaveral LC-14  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 25 September Launch failure
Destroyed by range safety following fuel system malfunction, apogee: 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)
25 September  Farside   Eniwetak  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 25 September Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi), maiden flight of Farside, stage zero malfunction
26 September
17:05
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 02  SUI
SUI Suborbital 26 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 September
20:00
 Nike-Asp  San Nicolas  US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 26 September Launch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
27 September
13:12
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 03  SUI
SUI Suborbital 27 September Successful
Apogee: 119 kilometres (74 mi)
September  R-12 Dvina  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

OctoberEdit

October launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
1 October  Long Tom  Woomera LA-2  WRE
WRE Suborbital Test flight 1 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), maiden flight of Long Tom, first Australian spaceflight
3 October
17:13
 XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 3 October Launch failure
3 October  Farside   Eniwetak  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 3 October Launch failure
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
4 October
19:16
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 04  SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 October Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 October
19:28:34
 Sputnik-PS (8K71PS)  Baikonur Site 1/5  MVS
 Sputnik 1 (PS-1) MVS Orbital Technology 4 January 1958 Successful
First orbital launch, first artificial satellite of Earth, maiden flight of Sputnik rocket
7 October  Farside   Eniwetak  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 7 October Launch failure
Apogee: 700 kilometres (430 mi)
11 October
16:33
 XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17B  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 11 October Partial launch failure
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi), turbopump gearbox malfunctioned, still met primary test objectives
11 October  Farside   Eniwetak  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 11 October Launch failure
Apogee: 30 kilometres (19 mi)
13 October
18:15
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 05  SUI
SUI Suborbital 13 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 October
01:04
 Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 14 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 October
21:16
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 06  SUI
SUI Suborbital 14 October Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
16 October
20:02
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 07  SUI
SUI Suborbital 16 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
00:09
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 08  SUI
SUI Suborbital 17 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
02:18
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 09  SUI
SUI Suborbital 17 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
20:01
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 10  SUI
SUI Suborbital 17 October Launch failure
Apogee: 41 kilometres (25 mi)
17 October
23:44
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 11  SUI
SUI Suborbital 17 October Successful
Apogee: 127 kilometres (79 mi)
18 October
09:35
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 12  SUI
SUI Suborbital 18 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 October
19:43
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 13  SUI
SUI Suborbital 18 October Successful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi)
18 October
23:43
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 14  SUI
SUI Suborbital 18 October Successful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi)
19 October
18:50
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 15  SUI
SUI Suborbital 19 October Successful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
20 October
01:06
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 16  SUI
SUI Suborbital 20 October Successful
Apogee: 104 kilometres (65 mi)
20 October
03:57
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 17  SUI
SUI Suborbital 20 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 October
20:11
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 18  SUI
SUI Suborbital 20 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 October  Farside   Eniwetak  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 20 October Spacecraft failure
Apogee: 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi), returned no data due to transmitter malfunction[17]
22 October  Farside   Eniwetak  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 22 October Spacecraft failure
Apogee: 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi), returned no data due to transmitter malfunction[17]
22 October
22:31
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 19  SUI
SUI Suborbital 22 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 October
01:07
 SM-78 Jupiter  Cape Canaveral LC-26B  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 23 October Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
23 October
19:22:54
 Vanguard  Cape Canaveral LC-18A  US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 23 October Successful
Maiden flight of Vanguard, battleship upper stages, apogee: 175 kilometres (109 mi)
23 October  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 23 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 October  Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 23 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 October
16:32
 XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 24 October Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
24 October  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 24 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 October  Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 25 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 October
19:47
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 20  SUI
SUI Suborbital 26 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 October
02:46
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 21  SUI
SUI Suborbital 27 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 October
00:13
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 22  SUI
SUI Suborbital 29 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
30 October
21:40
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 23  SUI
SUI Suborbital 30 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 October
00:29
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 24  SUI
SUI Suborbital 31 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 October
19:51
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 25  SUI
SUI Suborbital 31 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

NovemberEdit

November launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
1 November
01:00
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 26  SUI
SUI Suborbital 1 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 November
02:30:42
 Sputnik-PS (8K71PS)  Baikonur Site 1/5  MVS
 Sputnik 2 (PS-2) MVS Low Earth Biological 14 April 1958 Partial spacecraft failure
Carried Laika, the first animal in orbit. Laika died prior to completion of experiments. Final flight of Sputnik-PS.
3 November
20:08
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 27  SUI
SUI Suborbital 3 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 November
23:24
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 28  SUI
SUI Suborbital 3 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
01:41
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 29  SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 November Successful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 November
03:47
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 30  SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
07:16
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 31  SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
18:52
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 32  SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 November
01:25
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 33  SUI
SUI Suborbital 5 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 November
21:59
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 35  SUI
SUI Suborbital 5 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 November
16:05
 Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 7 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 November
14:57
 Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 8 November Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 November
20:43
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 36  SUI
SUI Suborbital 8 November Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
8 November
23:15
 Loki Rockoon  USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 37  SUI
SUI Suborbital 8 November Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
8 November  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 8 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 November
16:54
 A-1  Kapustin Yar  OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
9 November Successful
Apogee: 330 kilometres (210 mi)
10 November  Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 10 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 November
11:52
 Skylark-1  Woomera LA-2  RAE
RAE Suborbital 13 November Successful
Apogee: 127 kilometres (79 mi), first British spaceflight
15 November  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 15 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 November
16:29:56
 Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
 Smoke Puff US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 19 November Successful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi), released potassium nitrate and aluminium
26 November  Aerobee  Holloman LC-A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 26 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 November
02:10
 SM-78 Jupiter  Cape Canaveral LC-26B  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 27 November Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)

DecemberEdit

December launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
6 December
16:44:35
  Vanguard TV-3   Cape Canaveral, LC-18A   U.S. Navy
  6.5in Satellite 1 NRL Intended: Medium Earth Geodesy +2 seconds Launch failure
First all up Vanguard test, first U.S. orbital launch attempt, and first outright orbital failure of an orbital launch attempt. Exploded on launch pad after loss of thrust
7 December
22:11
 XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17B  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 7 December Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
10 December
17:35
 Nike-Cajun  White Sands  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 10 December Successful
Apogee: 145 kilometres (90 mi)
10 December
18:10
 Nike-Asp  San Nicolas  US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 10 December Successful
Apogee: 169 kilometres (105 mi)
10 December
21:36
 Nike-Cajun  Churchill  US Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy 10 December Launch failure
Apogee: 2 kilometres (1.2 mi)
11 December  X-17  Cape Canaveral LC-3  US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test 11 December Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 December
00:38
 Nike-Cajun  Churchill  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 16 December Launch failure
Apogee: 9 kilometres (5.6 mi)
17 December
17:39
 XSM-65A Atlas  Cape Canaveral LC-14  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 17 December Successful
First successful Atlas launch, apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
19 December
00:07
 SM-78 Jupiter  Cape Canaveral LC-26B  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 27 November Launch failure
Apogee: 92 kilometres (57 mi)
19 December
20:12
 XSM-75 Thor  Cape Canaveral LC-17A  US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 19 December Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
23 December  Nike-Cajun  Wallops Island  NACA
  HUGO NACA Suborbital Aeronomy
Imaging
23 December Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
Unknown  Terrapin  Wallops Island  NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown  Terrapin  Wallops Island  NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown  Terrapin  Wallops Island  NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown  Terrapin  Wallops Island  NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

Orbital launch summaryEdit

 
  Soviet Union
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 1957

By countryEdit

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
  Soviet Union 2 1 0 1 First orbital launch
  United States 1 0 1 0

By rocketEdit

Rocket Country Type Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Sputnik-PS 8K71PS   Soviet Union Sputnik R-7 2 1 0 1 Maiden and final flights
Vanguard   United States Vanguard Viking 1 0 1 0 Maiden flight

By launch siteEdit

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur   Soviet Union 2 1 0 1
Cape Canaveral   United States 1 0 1 0

By orbitEdit

Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Failed to orbit 0 N/A 0 N/A 0 N/A 1
Low Earth 2 2 0 0
Medium Earth 1 0 1 0

Launch summaryEdit

By countryEdit

United States: 152Soviet Union: 50Australia: 1United Kingdom: 1 
Launches by country
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
  United States 152 111 38 3
  Soviet Union 50 47 2 1
  Australia 1 1 0 0
  United Kingdom 1 1 0 0

By rocketEdit

Launches by rocket
Rocket Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
Viking (second model)   United States 1 1 0 0 Retired
Vanguard   United States 2 1 1 0 Maiden flight, first US orbital attempt
Aerobee RTV-N-10   United States 0 0 0 0 Retired
Aerobee RTV-N-10c   United States 1 1 0 0 Retired
Aerobee Hi (NRL)   United States 6 5 1 0
Aerobee Hi (USAF)   United States 3 3 0 0
Aerobee AJ10-34   United States 1 1 0 0
Aerobee (Unknown Type)   United States 13 12 1 0
Loki rockoon   United States 53 48 5 0 Retired
Farside   United States 6 0 6 0 Maiden flight, retired
Nike-Deacon   United States 9 3 6 0 Retired
Nike-Cajun   United States 8 3 5 0
Terrapin   United States 4 4 0 0 Retired
X-17   United States 19 17 2 0
HJ-Nike   United States 2 2 0 0
HJ-Nike-Nike   United States 0 0 0 0 Maiden flight
Jupiter-C   United States 2 1 1 0
SM-78 Jupiter   United States 7 3 3 1 Maiden flight
Nike-Asp   United States 2 1 1 0 Maiden flight
XSM-75 Thor   United States 10 4 5 1 Maiden flight
XSM-65A Atlas   United States 3 1 1 1 Maiden flight
R-1   Soviet Union 5 5 0 0
A-1   Soviet Union 1 1 0 0
R-2   Soviet Union 4 4 0 0
R-2A   Soviet Union 18 18 0 0 Maiden flight
R-5M   Soviet Union 9 9 0 0
R-7   Soviet Union 4 2 2 0 Maiden flight
Sputnik-PS   Soviet Union 2 1 0 1 Maiden flight, first Soviet orbital flight and satellite, retired
R-12   Soviet Union 7 7 0 0 Maiden flight
Long Tom   Australia 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight, first Australian spaceflight
Skylark   United Kingdom 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight, first British spaceflight

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Generic references:
  Spaceflight portal
  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Wade, Mark. "X-17". Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e Wade, Mark. "R-1 8A11". Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wade, Mark. "R-5". Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  4. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "HJ Nike". Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  5. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "Thor". Retrieved 3 December 2021.
  6. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "Aerobee". Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  7. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "Loki Rockoon". Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d Wade, Mark. "R-2". Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  9. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "Jupiter IRBM". Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d e Wade, Mark. "Aerobee Hi". Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Wade, Mark. "R-2A". Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  12. ^ Wade, Mark. "Viking Sounding Rocket". Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  13. ^ Wade, Mark. "Jupiter C". Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  14. ^ Wade, Mark. "R-7". Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  15. ^ Wade, Mark. "Atlas A". Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  16. ^ Wade, Mark. "R-12". Retrieved 10 December 2021.
  17. ^ a b "Aeronautics Farside". Designation-Systems. 27 November 2004. Retrieved 27 February 2009.