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The 1954 Isle of Man Tourist Trophy was the second race in the 1954 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season and proved highly controversial for TT Course and race changes.[1] The 1954 Junior TT was the first race where the official race distance was reduced from 7 laps to 5 laps. The 1954 Senior TT Race was stopped at half distance due to the weather conditions on the Mountain Section of the course.

United Kingdom  1954 Isle of Man TT
Race details
Race 2 of 9 races in the
1954 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season
Isle of Man TT Course (OpenStreetMap).svg
Date14–19 June 1954
Official nameIsle of Man Tourist Trophy
LocationIsle of Man TT Mountain Circuit
Clypse Course (Ultra Lightweight and Sidecars)
Course
  • Public roads;
    TT Course 60.72 km (37.73 mi);
    Clypse Course 17.63 km (10.95 mi)
500 cc
Rider
Fastest lap
Rider Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Ray Amm Norton
Podium
First Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Ray Amm Norton
Second United Kingdom Geoff Duke Gilera
Third United Kingdom Jack Brett Norton
350 cc
Rider
Fastest lap
Rider Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Ray Amm Norton
Podium
First New Zealand Rod Coleman AJS
Second United Kingdom Derek Farrant AJS
Third United Kingdom Bob Keeler Norton
250 cc
Rider
Fastest lap
Rider Germany Werner Haas NSU
Podium
First Germany Werner Haas NSU
Second Austria Rupert Hollaus NSU
Third Republic of Ireland Reg Armstrong NSU
125 cc
Rider
Fastest lap
Rider Austria Rupert Hollaus NSU
Podium
First Austria Rupert Hollaus NSU
Second Italy Carlo Ubbiali MV Agusta
Third United Kingdom Cecil Sandford MV Agusta
Sidecar (B2A)
Rider
Fastest lap
Rider United Kingdom Eric Oliver Norton
Podium
First United Kingdom Eric Oliver Norton
Second Germany Fritz Hillebrand BMW
Third Germany Willi Noll BMW

The first world championship event for the 1954 Isle of Man TT Races was the 350cc Junior TT Race. The race was led on lap 1 by Fergus Anderson from Gilera team-mate Ken Kavanagh by 10 seconds and Ray Amm riding for Norton a further 6 seconds adrift in 3rd place. On lap 2, Fergus Anderson retired at Kirk Michael with an engine problem and Ken Kavanagh retired at the pits with an engine mis-fire on lap 3. The race was then led by Ray Amm by 24 seconds from Rod Coleman riding for AJS motor-cycles. However, Ray Amm retired at Barregarrow on lap 5 allowing Rod Coleman to become the first New Zealander to win an Isle of Man TT Race at an average race speed of 91.54 mph.[2]

The new 10 lap (107.90 miles) Sidecar TT held on the Clypse Course was led from start to finish by Eric Oliver and passenger Les Nutt riding a Norton outfit with a "dust-bin"[3] fairing at an average speed of 68.87 mph. The Norton outfit of Bill Boddice/J.Pirie hit a bank at Creg-ny-Baa and flipped over on lap 7, but continued on to finish the race in 6th place.[4] The winner of the 1954 Lightweight TT race, Werner Haas crashed at Governor's Bridge on lap 1 of the 1954 Ultra-Lightweight TT Race, also held on the Clypse Course.[4] This allowed Rupert Hollaus to win the race in 1 hour, 33 minutes and 3.4 seconds at an average race speed of 69.57 mph. His victory was notable because he was one of only seven riders to have won an Isle of Man TT race in their first attempt.[5]

In deteriorating weather conditions and with reduced visibility on the Mountain Section of the course the 1954 Senior TT Race was held after a short delay and started at midday. Despite the conditions, Geoff Duke riding the works Gilera set a time of 25 minutes and 41.0 seconds an average speed of 88.18 mph and led Ray Amm riding for Norton by 14 seconds on lap 1.[6] On the second lap, Geoff Duke lapped in 26 minutes and 23 seconds at an average speed of 85.84 mph and Ray Amm lapped at an average speed of 86.49 to reduce the lead to just 2 seconds.[7] Further heavy rain and low cloud on the Mountain Section reduced speed further and the conditions caused John Grace and Ted Frend to retire at the TT Grandstand on lap 2 and Ray Amm used "feet-down"[4] tactics on the slower corners. The leader, Geoff Duke, decided to refuel on lap 3. Ray Amm in second place went straight through without stopping and lapped in 25 minutes and 28 seconds at an average speed of 88.93 mph and now led Geoff Duke by 32 seconds.[7] At the Windy Corner on lap 4, the visibility was down to 20 yards and a decision was made to stop the race because of the conditions. This allowed Ray Amm, due to refueling at the TT Grandstand on lap 4, to win the 1954 Senior TT Race in 1 hour, 42 minutes and 46.8 seconds at an average race speed of 88.12 mph. The controversial decision by race organisers to stop the 1954 Senior TT Race on lap 4, just as the weather started to improve, was protested by the Gilera management.[7] This was on the grounds that the works Norton team were told of the decision allowing Ray Amm to lead the race on lap 3, but the official protest was rejected by the race organisers.[8] During lap 1 of the 1954 Senior TT Race, Simon Sandys-Winsch riding a Junior Velocette crashed at the Highlander and died in hospital a few days later.[4]

Contents

Race resultsEdit

1954 Clubmans Senior ResultsEdit

10 June 1954 – Mountain Course (4 laps – 150.92 miles)

Rank Rider Team Speed Time
1   Alistair King BSA 85.76 mph 1:45.36.0
2   J Ben Denton BSA 85.69 mph 1:45.41.6
3   Ewan Haldane BSA 85.26 mph 1:46.12.2
4   Tony A Ovens Triumph 84.47 mph 1:46.42.2
5   M R Baigent BSA 84.74 mph 1:46.51.8
6   Percy Tait BSA 84.58 mph 1:47.05.0
7   Dave Chadwick Norton 83.20 mph 1:47.05.0
8   Eric Cheers Triumph 76.53 mph 1:58.20.0
9   Len R King Triumph 82.92 mph 1:50.17.2
10   Eddie Dow BSA 81.40 mph 1:50.33.0

1954 Clubmans Junior ResultsEdit

10 June 1954 – Mountain Course (4 laps – 150.92 miles)

Rank Rider Team Speed Time
1   Phillip Palmer BSA 81.83 mph 1:50.39.4
2   Des A Wright BSA 81.68 mph 1:51.50.8
3   Jimmy W Davie BSA 81.66 mph 1:50.54.4
4   A Sandy Bowie BSA 81.56 mph 1:51.06.0
5   Geoff Tanner Norton 81.54 mph 1:51.04.0
6   George E Arnold BSA 81.20 mph 1:51.30.8
7   Jimmy Buchan BSA 80.75 mph 1:52.08.6
8   Willie Gibson BSA 80.05 mph 1:53.08.0
9   J Muir Norton 79.70 mph 1:53.08.0
10   Bill Robertson BSA 78.37 mph 1:55.33.0

1954 Isle of Man Junior TT 350cc final standingsEdit

14 June 1954 – 5 Laps (188.56 Miles) Mountain Course.

Place Rider Number Country Machine Speed Time Points
1   Rod Coleman New Zealand AJS 91.51 mph 2:03.41.8 8
2   Derek Farrant Britain AJS 90.14 mph 2:05.35.0 6
3   Bob Keeler Britain Norton 90.03 mph 2:04.43.6 4
4   Leo T Simpson New Zealand AJS 89.17 mph 2:06.58.8 3
5   Peter A Davey Britain Norton 88.13 mph 2:08.26.4 2
6   John R Clark Britain AJS 90.49 mph 2:08.26.4 1

1954 Isle of Man Lightweight TT 250cc final standingsEdit

14 June 1954 – 3 Laps (113.00 Miles) Mountain Course.

Place Rider Number Country Machine Speed Time Points
1   Werner Haas Germany NSU 90.88 mph 1:14.44.4 8
2   Rupert Hollaus Austria NSU 89.99 mph 1:15.28.6 6
3   Reg Armstrong Britain NSU 89.92 mph 1:15.31.8 4
4   Hermann Paul Müller Germany NSU 88.87 mph 1:16.25.6 3
5   Fergus Anderson Britain Moto Guzzi 86.48 mph 1:18.32.2 2
6   Hans Baltisberger Germany NSU 86.46 mph 1:18.33.6 1

1954 Isle of Man Ultra-Lightweight TT 125cc final standingsEdit

16 June 1954 – 10 Laps (107.90 miles) Clypse Course.

Place Rider Number Country Machine Speed Time Points
1   Rupert Hollaus Austria NSU 69.57 mph 1:33.03.4 8
2   Carlo Ubbiali Italy MV Agusta 69.52 mph 1:37.07.4 6
3   Cecil Sandford Britain MV Agusta 66.35 mph 1:37.35.8 4
4   Hans Baltisberger Germany NSU 65.78 mph 1:38.25.2 3
5   Ivor Lloyd Canada MV Agusta 62.68 mph 1:43.16.6 2
6   Brian Purslow Britain MV Agusta 60.84 mph 1:46.24.6 1

1954 Sidecar TT final standingsEdit

16 June 1954 – 10 Laps (107.90 miles) Clypse Course.

Place Rider Number Country Machine Speed Time Points
1   Eric Oliver/Les Nutt Britain Norton 68.87 mph 1:34.00.2 8
2   Fritz Hillebrand/M.Grünwald Germany BMW 67.48 mph 1:35.56.2 6
3   Willi Noll/Fritz Cron Germany BMW 65.22 mph 1:39.16.4 4
4   Walter Schneider/H.Strauss Germany BMW 64.45 mph 1:40.27.4 3
5   Jacques Drion/Inge Stoll France Norton 61.91 mph 1:41.18.8 2
6   Bill Boddice/J.Pirie Britain Norton 62.28 mph 1:43.22.8 1

1954 Isle of Man Senior TT 500cc final standingsEdit

Friday 18 June 1954 – 4 Laps (150.74 Miles) Mountain Course. (Reduced Race Distance)

Place Rider Number Country Machine Speed Time Points
1   Ray Amm 93 Rhodesia Norton 88.12 mph 1:42.46.8 8
2   Geoff Duke 76 Britain Gilera 87.19 mph 1:43.52.6 6
3   Jack Brett 56 Britain Norton 86.04 mph 1:45.15.2 4
4   Reg Armstrong 53 Britain Gilera 86.63 mph 1:45.45.6 3
5   Rudy Allison 64 South Africa Norton 83.85 mph 1:48.06.6 2
6   Gordon Laing 22 Australia Norton 83.85 mph 1:48.37.2 1

NotesEdit

  • The 1954 World Championship season was used to reintroduce the Ultra-Lightweight TT and Sidecar TT Race to the Isle of Man TT Races. A new race circuit, the Clypse Course, was used for the new races.
  • To facilitate racing on the Clypse Course, during the winter of 1953/54 road widening occurred on the Snaefell mountain course at Creg-ny-Baa, Signpost Corner, Cronk-ny-Mona and the approach to Governor's Bridge. Other major course alterations for the 1954 Isle of Man TT Races included the removal of a cottage at Appledene, road widening at Handley's Corner, Barregarrow, Ballaugh Bridge and Kerrowmoar.[9]
  • The course alterations were criticised by leading TT competitor Ray Amm, who described the situation as a "Lot of trash to say the machines are beyond control..." and "To keep altering the course like this which has been going for 50 years is pure sacrilege they are wrecking it....It will finish-up like a racing bowl with all the character gone."[10]
  • The reintroduction of the Sidecar TT Race was controversial and the motorcycle manufacturers "declare themselves as appalled"[11] by the inclusion of a sidecar race. It was also opposed by the motorcycle manufacturers for the inclusion of the first female competitor, Inge Stol at an Isle of Man TT race. The matter of female competitors was raised in the Isle of Man Parliament, but "Tynwald refused to ban the Fräulein."[12]
  • A first-time visitor to the Isle of Man TT Races was Soichiro Honda the founder of Honda Motor Co., Ltd. (In 1959, a works Honda team arrived to compete in the TT for the first time).[4]
  • A number of accidents occurred during practice week. During Monday evening practice, R.J.Ashford riding an AJS was killed instantly after crashing at Laurel Bank.[13] At Sarah's Cottage, during Wednesday evening practice, Bob McIntyre riding an AJS suffered a cut chin and concussion after a crash and was detained in Noble's Hospital. Also, Keith Campbell suffered a broken right foot and Bob Cooper a broken collar bone at incidents at Sarah's Cottage, both riding AJS motor-cycles in the Junior class.
  • On Lap 1 of the Junior race, Jack Brett riding for Norton retired at Ramsey with an engine problem. At Sulby, Bob McIntyre, riding an AJS, retired with an engine problem. Riding a Norton, Maurice Quincey pushed in from Governor's Bridge and retired.[4]
  • At the Quarterbridge on lap 1 of the Senior TT, Derek Farrant riding for AJS crashed along with E. Houseley also riding an AJS. On lap 2, Fergus Anderson riding for Moto Guzzi retired at Barregarrow after falling off. At the Stonebreakers Hut the Norton of E.W.L.Hunt hit the bank and he retired.[4]

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Daily Mirror page 13 BIKES TOO FAST IS RUBBISH Saturday 15 June 1954 "...Huggett said that this year there would be machines on the course capable of 150 m p h and they had perhaps reached the stage where more thought must be given to the dangers of the course and the safety of the riders At a dinner for T T race marshalls.... replies... as rubbish by Ray Amm and Junior T T winner last year and the fastest fastest man ever to lap the T T course. 'Such talk is a lot of bunkum...Not just the best riders but any of the riders are able to control them' he said...."
  2. ^ [1] Archived 15 December 2005 at the Wayback Machine MNZ.co.nz Roll of Honour 1950–1959 (Retrieved 18 December 2006)
  3. ^ Official TT Guide 2004
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Isle of Man Weekly Times dated 19 June 1954
  5. ^ Procter, Guy (2015), "Bitesize", Classic Bike, Bauer Consumer Media Ltd, ISSN 0142-890X
  6. ^ TT Special page 1 & 14 RAY AMM (NORTON) Wins 4 lap Senior Editor G.S. Davison Friday 18 June 1954
  7. ^ a b c Island Racer 2004 page 115
  8. ^ Official TT Guide 2005
  9. ^ Isle of Man Weekly Times dated 29 May 1954
  10. ^ Isle of Man Examiner page 1 dated 4 June 1954
  11. ^ Isle of Man Weekly Times dated 22 May 1954
  12. ^ p.19 TT 2003 Race Guide. Motor-Cycle News.
  13. ^ Isle of Man Weekly Times dated 5 June 1954

External linksEdit