1952 United States Senate election in New York

The 1952 United States Senate election in New York was held on November 4. Incumbent Republican Senator Irving M. Ives was re-elected to a second term in office over Democrat John Cashmore with a then-record margin of victory.[citation needed]

1952 United States Senate election in New York
Flag of New York (1909–2020).svg
← 1946 November 4, 1952 1958 →
  Irving Ives.jpg 3x4.svg 3x4.svg
Nominee Irving Ives John Cashmore George S. Counts
Party Republican Democratic Liberal
Popular vote 3,853,934 2,521,736 489,775
Percentage 55.21% 36.13% 7.02%

U.S. senator before election

Irving M. Ives
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Irving M. Ives
Republican

Democratic nominationEdit

CandidatesEdit

ConventionEdit

The Democratic State Convention was held at the Commodore Hotel in Manhattan on August 28.[1] A welcoming speech was delivered by Mayor Vincent Impellitteri. Before the candidates were announced, presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson II addressed the delegates. John Cashmore was nominated on the first ballot. He overcame five avowed candidates, including Manhattan Borough President Robert F. Wagner Jr., who had been the favorite for the seat only weeks before.[1]

Cashmore also rejected a last-minute proposal by party chairman Paul E. Fitzpatrick that he and the other leading candidates would withdraw in an effort to draft W. Averell Harriman into the race. Harriman had recently been an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for President and had publicly stated he would not run for Senator. However, Fitzpatrick believed that the Liberal Party, which openly preferred Harriman or Wagner, would refuse to support Cashmore. Cashmore, certain of his chances even without Liberal support, declined.[1]

After it became clear that Cashmore had a majority on the first ballot, Wagner moved to make his nomination unanimous, and county delegations began to switch to him en masse.[1] Before switches, the first ballot stood as follows:

1952 New York Democratic Convention[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Cashmore 582 57.00%
Democratic Robert F. Wagner Jr. 278 27.23%
Democratic Peter Crotty 104 10.19%
Democratic Donald W. Kramer 33 3.23%
Democratic Edward H. Foley Jr. 23 2.25%
Democratic Stanley W. Church 1 0.10%
Total votes 1,021 100.00%

Cashmore had solid support from his native Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx and the Capital District. Wagner's support came from Manhattan, Long Island, and Buffalo. Cashmore also took twelve crucial votes in Wagner's native Manhattan, delivered to him by renegade West Side leader Robert B. Blaikie. Westchester, which was expected to be solidly for its native son Stanley Church, had not yet voted before it became clear Cashmore would win; the county voted for Cashmore instead, beginning the stampede.[1]

Cashmore made an acceptance speech in which he assailed Senator Ives for playing to the reactionary base of the Republican Party despite his publicly avowed progressivism.[1]

Liberal nominationEdit

The Liberal met on August 28 and formally nominated Dr. George S. Counts, Professor of Education at Teachers College, Columbia University. Counts's nomination was intended to be temporary, as the Liberal Party usually cross-endorsed the Democratic nominee. However, the nomination of John Cashmore proved untenable for the Liberals, and in early September they chose to stick by Counts as their candidate. The party considered endorsing Senator Ives but decided against such an endorsement due to Ives's vote for the Taft-Hartley Act in 1947.[2] Counts himself chose not to withdraw from the race before the deadline of September 5, after Cashmore rejected a proposal that they both drop out in favor of Averell Harriman.[3]

General electionEdit

CampaignEdit

ResultsEdit

The Republican incumbent Ives was re-elected with the then-largest margin in state history.

1952 U.S. Senate election in New York[citation needed][a]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Irving M. Ives (incumbent) 3,853,934 55.21%  2.63
Democratic John Cashmore 2,521,736 36.13%  1.43
Liberal George S. Counts 489,775 7.02%  3.25
American Labor Corliss Lamont 104,702 1.50%  7.45
Socialist Workers Michael Bartell 4,263 0.06% N/A
Socialist Joseph G. Glass 3,382 0.05% N/A
Socialist Labor Nathan Karp 2,451 0.04% N/A
Total votes 6,980,243 100.00%
  1. ^ In 1946, Herbert Lehman was the Democratic, American Labor, and Liberal nominee. All changes are for each respective ticket; thus, Cashmore outperformed Lehman's Democratic total while performing about 11 pp worse than him overall, because he lacked those cross-endorsements.

SourcesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Egan, Leo (29 Aug 1952). "CASHMORE IS NAMED FOR SENATE RACE BY DEMOCRATS HERE". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  2. ^ "LIBERALS ADAMANT AGAINST CASHMORE". The New York Times. 3 Sep 1952.
  3. ^ Hagerty, James A. (6 Sep 1952). "DR. COUNTS TO STAY AS LIBERAL CHOICE". The New York Times. p. 1.

See alsoEdit