1950 in Canada

Events from the year 1950 in Canada.

Years in Canada: 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s
Years: 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953

IncumbentsEdit

CrownEdit

Federal governmentEdit

Provincial governmentsEdit

Lieutenant governorsEdit

PremiersEdit

Territorial governmentsEdit

CommissionersEdit

EventsEdit

  • January 14 - The first non-stop trans-Canada flight is made
  • February 14 - Nancy Hodges of British Columbia becomes the first woman in the Commonwealth elected speaker of a legislature in Canadian history.
  • Early May - The Winnipeg Flood along the Red River causes immense damage and one death in Winnipeg
  • May 29 - The St. Roch becomes the first vessel to circumnavigate North America
  • August 7 - Canada joins a United Nations force to fight in Korean War
  • August 22 – August 30 - Rail workers strike shuts down much of the Canadian economy
  • October 31 - The oil pipeline linking Edmonton to Sarnia is completed
  • November 28 - Canada joins onto the Colombo Plan
  • December 18 - Korean War: First Canadian troops arrive in Korea.

Full date unknownEdit

Arts and literatureEdit

AwardsEdit

SportEdit

BirthsEdit

January to MarchEdit

 
John Manley

April to JuneEdit

July to SeptemberEdit

 
Jack Layton

October to DecemberEdit

 
Dennis Fentie

Full date unknownEdit

DeathsEdit

January to JuneEdit

 
William Lyon Mackenzie King

July to DecemberEdit

Full date unknownEdit

See alsoEdit

Historical documentsEdit

North Korea invades South and Opposition Leader says Canada is involved through UN role and because of immediacy of modern world [3]

Moral, not strategic, stakes require defeat of North Korea, so that "naked aggression" will not destroy state created by UN [4]

Film: newsreel of Canadian airmen leaving for Korea as U.S. troops fight on defensive near Pusan invasion beachhead [5]

Canada and U.S.A. agree to further defence industry mobilization at level of cooperation seen in Second World War [6]

"It is the function of diplomacy to seek accommodation" - Canada and allies send in diplomats as well as military to end Korean War [7]

Canadian troops arrive by ship at Pusan, Korea and U.S. Army band plays "If I Knew You Were Coming I'd Have Baked a Cake" [8]

"Uneasy equilibrium" - In countering Chinese attack in Korean War, Canada and allies must not provoke U.S.S.R. to start world war[9]

"Growing atmosphere of fear, suspicion, frustration, and isolation" - Authorities in Eastern Bloc countries harass diplomats [10]

"Our first duty to civilization is[...]sufficient military strength" - Prime Minister St. Laurent on liberalism against totalitarianism [11]

For federal-provincial accord on bill of rights, Senate committee says "control within Canada of the Canadian Constitution" is required[12]

Though "coloured troops introduced venereal disease[...]during the war," Canada can hardly refuse Black GIs since U.S. military integration [13]

Pakistani PM says idea that "commonwealth ties are mainly religious, historical or racial must be regarded as having outlived its use"[14]

"There is discrimination against Indians in the matter of immigration[...]and admission of relatives of Indians already settled" [15]

With Canada's "serious shortage of female domestics and nurses' aids," loans should go to Europeans in "this class of immigrant" [16]

"We can ASK...CRUSADE...DEMAND...and WIN" - Alton C. Parker and other Windsor, Ont. Blacks organize to oppose segregation [17]

Photo: Emily General from Six Nations of the Grand River shows Haldimand Treaty to members of UN Commission on Human Rights [18]

"Vast volume of water into every stream" - Signs of major flood event noted before Red River flood surge enters Manitoba [19]

Film: newsreel of Winnipeg flood extent and evacuations [20]

"Small measure of our gratitude for all the help we have had" - Britons donate unique household items to flood victims [21]

"Too willing to accept people at their face value" - RCMP security report on Canadian diplomat Herbert Norman [22]

Film: 30-minute short on cancer research and treatment includes laboratory, hospital and classroom shots, plus animation[23]

Film: newsreel of parachute personnel jumping from Dakota aircraft on practice rescue mission out of RCAF Station Trenton [24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lentz, Harris M. (4 February 2014). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-134-26490-2.
  2. ^ "Lucille LEMAY - Olympic Archery | Canada". International Olympic Committee. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  3. ^ George Drew, "Supply; Department of National Defence" (June 26, 1950), House of Commons Debates, 21st Parliament, 2nd Session: Vol. 4, pg. 4119. Accessed 29 September 2020
  4. ^ "Secretary of State for External Affairs to All Missions Abroad" (August [sic; June?] 28, 1950), Chapter II, Korean Conflict; Part 1, Creation of United Nations' Unified Command, Documents on Canadian External Relations, Volume 16, pg. 16. Accessed 30 September 2020
  5. ^ British Pathé, "Korea; Beach-Head Defences Strengthened" (1950). Accessed 27 July 2020
  6. ^ United States Department of State, Letter to Senate Foreign Relations Committee chair (September 22, 1950), Foreign Relations of the United States, 1950; The United Nations; The Western Hemisphere; Canada, pgs. 585-6. Accessed 29 September 2020
  7. ^ "17. Excerpts from a broadcast by the Secretary of State for External Affairs over the Trans-Canada Network, December 5, 1950," Documents on the Korean Crisis (1951), pgs. 16-17. Accessed 28 September 2020 http://www.umanitoba.ca/libraries/units/archives/canada_war/tribune/website/clippings/korea/Documents_on_the_Korean_Crisis18.shtml and http://www.umanitoba.ca/libraries/units/archives/canada_war/tribune/website/clippings/korea/Documents_on_the_Korean_Crisis19.shtml
  8. ^ War diary 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (December 18, 1950), PDF pg. 4; song. Accessed 28 September 2020
  9. ^ United States Department of State, "Korea: Action in the United Nations" (External Affairs memorandum, December 27, 1950), The Period from November 28 to December 31, 1950[...], Foreign Relations of the United States, 1950; Korea, pgs. 1618-19. Accessed 28 September 2020
  10. ^ External Affairs memorandum (March 2, 1950), Chapter I, Conduct of External Relations; Part 1, Diplomatic and Consular Representation; Section D, Iron Curtain Missions: Assessment, Documents on Canadian External Relations, Volume 16, pg. 7. Accessed 29 September 2020
  11. ^ Louis St. Laurent, "The Preservation of Civilization" (October 27, 1950). Accessed 28 September 2020 https://www.nlc-bnc.ca/primeministers/h4-4017-e.html or http://www.canadahistory.com/sections/documents/leaders/Louis_St_Laurent/Canada_and_The_Cold_War.html
  12. ^ "Report" (June 21, 1950), Proceedings of the Special Committee on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, pgs. 305-6. Accessed 7 October 2020
  13. ^ "Memorandum from Defence Liaison Division to Under Secretary of State for External Affairs" (August 25, 1950), Chapter VIII, Relations with the United States; Part 1, Defence Issues; Section G, Establishment of United States Northeast Command, Documents on Canadian External Relations, Volume 16, pg. 847. Accessed 30 September 2020
  14. ^ "Appendix; Address of Honourable Liaquat Ali Khan" (May 31, 1950), House of Commons Debates, 21st Parliament, 2nd Session, Vol. 3, pg. 3044. Accessed 29 August 2021
  15. ^ "Memorandum of High Commission of India, November 7, 1950: Immigration of Indians into Canada" Chapter VII, Commonwealth Relations; Part 4, Relations with Individual Countries; Section B, India: Immigration, Documents on Canadian External Relations, Volume 16, pg. 706. Accessed 30 September 2020
  16. ^ "Cabinet Document: Loans to Immigrants" (May 17, 1950), Chapter IX, Western Europe; Part 1, General; Section E, Immigration, Documents on Canadian External Relations, Volume 16, pg. 964. Accessed 30 September 2020
  17. ^ Central Citizens' Association for the Advancement of Coloured People flyer (November 16, 1950). Accessed 28 September 2020
  18. ^ United Nations, "Indian Tribesmen Visit United Nations" Photo #140569 (May 8, 1950). Accessed 28 September 2020
  19. ^ "Background to Disaster" "Call 320;" A Documentary Record of the 1950 Manitoba Flood and Red Cross Activities in the Disaster, pgs. 7-11. Accessed 28 September 2020
  20. ^ British Pathé, "Winnipeg's Flood Peril Grows" (1950). Accessed 27 July 2020
  21. ^ Women's Voluntary Services, "Token Gifts for Canada" The W.V.S. Bulletin, No. 127 (July 1950), pg. 7. Accessed 7 August 2020
  22. ^ "RCMP Report on Norman" (November 27, 1950), "Death of a Diplomat: Herbert Norman & the Cold War" Great Unsolved Mysteries in Canadian History. Accessed 28 September 2020
  23. ^ National Film Board of Canada, "Challenge: Science Against Cancer" (1950). Accessed 11 April 2021
  24. ^ British Pathé, "Air Rescue Practice Put To The Test" (1950). Accessed 27 July 2020