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Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

List of years in poetry (table)
In literature



Ezra Pound mug shot
  • March 4 — Pablo Neruda elected a Communist party senator in Chile. He officially joins the Communist Party of Chile four months later.[citation needed]
  • April — Ilona Karmel and Henia Karmel, sisters from the Kraków Ghetto and together Polish Jewish prisoners of the Nazis, are on a forced death march when Germans in tanks crush them and then shove them, still living, into a mass grave. Soon after, a group of prisoners passes them, including a cousin of theirs. From their hiding place in her clothes, Henia Karmel rips out some poems she and her sister had written and hands them to her cousin to give to her husband, Leon, back in Kraków. The cousin delivers the poems, and the sisters are saved by a nearby farmer who takes them to a hospital. Henia writes in 1947, "these poems are real, not just scribblings.[they] came about when I was still creating myself, experiencing the pain of separation. How I could have survived, you might ask? If so, sir, you know nothing of life. It lasted, that's all." Henia writes in her poem, "Snapshots": "My name is Number 906. / And guess what? I still write verse."[1]
  • April 2 — British aircraft carrier HMS Glory (built in Belfast) is commissioned and sails for the Pacific theatre of war; Cornish poet Charles Causley is serving as a Chief Petty Officer Coder on this voyage.
  • May — Estonian poet Heiti Talvik is deported to Siberia and never heard from again.[2]
  • May 2 — Ezra Pound is arrested by Italian partisans, and taken (according to Hugh Kenner) "to their HQ in Chiavari, where he was soon released as possessing no interest".[3] On May 5, he turns himself in to U.S. forces. He is incarcerated in a United States Army detention camp outside Pisa, spending 25 days in an open cage before being given a tent. Here he appears to have suffered a nervous breakdown. While in the camp he drafts the Pisan Cantos, a section of the work in progress which marks a shift in Pound's work, being a meditation on his own and Europe's ruin and on his place in the natural world. The Pisan Cantos wins the first Bollingen Prize from the Library of Congress in 1948.[4]
  • June — Australia's most celebrated literary hoax takes place when Angry Penguins is published with poems by the fictional Ern Malley. Poets James McAuley and Harold Stewart created the poems from lines of other published work and then sent them as the purported work of a recently deceased poet. The hoax is played on Max Harris, at this time a 22-year-old avant garde poet and critic who had started the modernist magazine, Angry Penguins. Harris and his circle of literary friends agreed that a hitherto completely unknown modernist poet of great merit had come to light in suburban Australia. The Autumn 1944 edition of the magazine with the poems comes out in mid-1945 due to wartime printing delays. An Australian newspaper uncovers the hoax within weeks. McAuley and Stewart loved early Modernist poets but despise later modernism and especially the well-funded Angry Penguins and are jealous of Harris's precocious success.[citation needed]
  • June 7 — Benjamin Britten's opera Peter Grimes, based on George Crabbe's The Borough, is first performed.[5]
  • Two small Canadian literary magazines, Preview and First Statement (each founded separately in 1942) combine to form Northern Review (which lasts until 1956).[6]
  • Kyk-over-al magazine founded in Guyana.[7]
  • Vladimir Nabokov becomes a naturalized citizen of the United States.

Works published in EnglishEdit

Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:


India, in EnglishEdit

United KingdomEdit

United StatesEdit

Other in EnglishEdit

Works published in other languagesEdit


Indian subcontinentEdit

Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:


  • Abdul Ahad Azad, Daryav, the author's magnum opus, on the theme of political revolution[31]
  • Mahjoor:
    • Kalam-e Mahjoor (No. 9), lyrics on love[31]
    • Payem-e Mahjoor (No. 2 and No. 3), in the Devanagari script; on social and national themes[31]


Other Indian languagesEdit

Other languagesEdit



Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:


Grave of Franz Werfel

Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Book Notes" column Archived 2008-06-07 at the Wayback Machine, The Virginia Quarterly Review, Spring 2008, accessed April 17, 2008, a capsule review by Lilah Hegnauerof A Wall of Two: Poems of Resistance and Suffering from Kraków to Buchenwald and Beyond, by Henia Karmel and Ilona Karmel, adapted by Fanny Howe, University of California Press, 2007
  2. ^ "Estonian Literary Magazine". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  3. ^ Hugh Kenner, The Pound Era, University of California Press, 1973, p. 470, ISBN 978-0-520-02427-4. Cited in Tim Redman, Ezra Pound and Italian Fascism, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-37305-0, 1991, p. 274
  4. ^ "The Pound Error - The New Yorker". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  5. ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
  6. ^ Roberts, Neil, editor, A Companion to Twentieth-century Poetry, Part III, Chapter 3, "Canadian Poetry", by Cynthia Messenger, Blackwell Publishing, 2003, ISBN 978-1-4051-1361-8, retrieved via Google Books, January 3, 2009
  7. ^ a b "Selected Timeline of Anglophone Caribbean Poetry" in Williams, Emily Allen, Anglophone Caribbean Poetry, 1970–2001: An Annotated Bibliography, page xvii and following pages, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 978-0-313-31747-7, retrieved via Google Books, February 7, 2009
  8. ^ "Earle Birney: Published Works," Canadian Poetry Online,, Web, May 3, 2011.
  9. ^ Neil Besner, "Birney, Alfred Earle," Canadian Encyclopedia (Edmonton: Hurtig, 1988), 231
  10. ^ Carole Gerson, "Arthur Stanley Bourinot Biography," Encyclopedia of Literature, 7466,, Web, Apr. 20, 2011.
  11. ^ a b Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
  12. ^ "Anne Marriott (1913-1997)", Canadian Woman Poets,, Web, Apr. 21, 2011.
  13. ^ "Bibliography," Selected Poems of E. J. Pratt, Peter Buitenhuis ed., Toronto: Macmillan, 1968, 207-208.
  14. ^ "F. R. Scott: Publications," Canadian Poetry Online,, Web, May 7, 2011.
  15. ^ "Notes on Life and Works Archived 2011-08-17 at the Wayback Machine," Selected Poetry of Raymond Souster, Representative Poetry Online,, Web, May 7, 2011.
  16. ^ Naik, M. K., Perspectives on Indian poetry in English, p. 230, (published by Abhinav Publications, 1984, ISBN 0-391-03286-0, ISBN 978-0-391-03286-6), retrieved via Google Books, June 12, 2009
  17. ^ Lal, P., Modern Indian Poetry in English: An Anthology & a Credo, p 314, Calcutta: Writers Workshop, second edition, 1971 (however, on page 597 an "editor's note" states contents "on the following pages are a supplement to the first edition" and is dated "1972")
  18. ^ Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 322, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
  19. ^ Joshi, Irene, compiler, "Poetry Anthologies", "Poetry Anthologies" section, "University Libraries, University of Washington" website, "Last updated May 8, 1998", retrieved June 16, 2009. Archived 2009-06-19.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
  21. ^ a b M. L. Rosenthal, The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II, New York: Oxford University Press, 1967, "Selected Bibliography: Individual Volumes by Poets Discussed", pp 334-340
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press ("If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year." — from the Preface, p vi)
  23. ^ Web page titled "Wallace Stevens (1879 - 1955)" at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved April 9, 2009. Archived 2009-05-04.
  24. ^ Allen Curnow Web page at the New Zealand Book Council website, accessed April 21, 2008
  25. ^ "Denis Glover" article in The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966 website, accessed April 21, 2008
  26. ^ a b c d e Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
  27. ^ a b c Bree, Germaine, Twentieth-Century French Literature, translated by Louise Guiney, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983
  28. ^ Cady, Andrea, Measuring the visible: the verse and prose of Philippe Jaccottet, p 32, Editions Rodopi, 1992, retrieved via Google Books on August 20, 2009
  29. ^ Hartley, Anthony, editor, The Penguin Book of French Verse: 4: The Twentieth Century, Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1967
  30. ^ Web page titled "Saint-John Perse: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1960: Bibliography" at the Nobel Prize Website, retrieved July 20, 2009. Archived 2009-07-24.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Das, Sisir Kumar, "A Chronology of Literary Events / 1911–1956", in Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
  32. ^ Web page titled "Biblioteca de autores contemporaneos / Mario Benedetti - El autor" (in Spanish), retrieved May 27, 2009. Archived 2009-05-30.
  33. ^ Eugenio Montale, Collected Poems 1920-1954, translated and edited by Jonathan Galassi, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998, ISBN 0-374-12554-6
  34. ^ Debicki, Andrew P., Spanish Poetry of the Twentieth Century: Modernity and Beyond, University Press of Kentucky, 1995, ISBN 978-0-8131-0835-3, retrieved via Google Books, November 21, 2009
  35. ^ "Cumulative List of Winners of the Governor General's Literary Awards" Archived 2011-05-14 at the Wayback Machine, Canada Council. Web, Feb. 10, 2011.
  36. ^ Dictionary of Literary Biography Volume 40: "Great Britain and Ireland Since 1960".
  37. ^ Liukkonen, Petri. "Antal Szerb". Books and Writers ( Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on February 17, 2011.
  38. ^ Web page titled "South Asian literature in English, Pre-independence era", compiled by Irene Joshi, at "University of Washington Libraries" website, "Last updated May 8, 1998", retrieved July 30, 2009. Archived 2009-08-02.