The year 1945 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- Mortimer Wheeler excavates at Arikamedu in Puducherry.
- December - Nag Hammadi library in Egypt.
- W. F. Grimes succeeds Mortimer Wheeler as director of the London Museum.
- January 13 - Francis Pryor, English archaeologist
- February 19 - Barbara Adams, English egyptologist (d. 2002)
- April 16 - Vladas Žulkus, Lithuanian underwater archaeologist
- October 25 - J. P. Mallory, Irish American archaeologist and Indo-Europeanist
- James Peter Allen, American Egyptologist
- March 31 - Harriet Boyd Hawes, American archaeologist (b. 1871)
- May 5 - Edgar James Banks, American antiquarian (b. 1866)
- May 31 - Friedrich Sarre, German Orientalist (b. 1865)
- 9 December - Alfred Lucas, English analytical chemist and archaeologist, part of Howard Carter's team at the excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb (b. 1867)
- ^ "Obituary: Barbara Adams". The Guardian. 13 July 2002. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- ^ "Harriet Boyd Hawes". Britannica.com. Retrieved 23 May 2017.