1938 Saskatchewan general election

The 1938 Saskatchewan general election was held on June 8, 1938, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan.

1938 Saskatchewan general election

← 1934 June 8, 1938 (1938-06-08) 1944 →

52 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan
27 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  William John Patterson.jpg George Hara Williams in 1944.jpg
SC
Leader William John Patterson George Hara Williams Joseph Needham
Party Liberal Co-operative Commonwealth Social Credit
Leader since 1935 July 17, 1936 1935
Leader's seat Cannington Wadena Did not run
Last election 50 5 pre-creation
Seats won 38 10 2
Seat change Decrease12 Increase5 Increase2
Popular vote 200,334 82,529 70,084
Percentage 45.45% 18.73% 15.90%
Swing Decrease2.55pp Decrease5.26pp Increase15.90pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Unity
Dief1939a.jpg
Leader John Diefenbaker
Party Unity Conservative
Leader since October 28, 1936
Leader's seat Ran in Arm River (lost)
Last election 0 0
Seats won 2 0
Seat change Increase2 ±0
Popular vote 9,848 52,315
Percentage 2.24% 11.87%
Swing Increase2.00pp Decrease14.88pp

Premier before election

William John Patterson
Liberal

Premier after election

William John Patterson
Liberal

The Liberal Party was returned to power under its new leader, William John Patterson, but it lost twelve of the seats it had held in the previous legislature. The Liberals faced several new forces in this election.

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, a democratic socialist party led by George Hara Williams, became the official opposition winning over 18% of the vote and ten seats in its first election. The party previously had five seats after the Farmer-Labour Group became the Saskatchewan CCF following the previous election.

The Social Credit Party of Saskatchewan, which promoted the social credit theories of monetary reform, rode a wave of popularity from the 1935 electoral success of its Alberta counterpart and collected almost 16% of the votes, but won only two seats.

Six "Unity" candidates also ran in an attempt to create a popular front of the Communists, CCF supporters and various populists. Although two were elected, they received only a very small fraction of the overall vote.[1]

The Conservative Party – under its new leader, John Diefenbaker – continued its decline as their share of the popular vote fell from 25% to under 12%. The party won no seats. Diefenbaker later had considerably more success in the federal Conservative Party, eventually becoming leader and sweeping the party to power in the 1958 election with a huge majority.

ResultsEdit

Party Party leader Candidates Seats Popular vote
1934 Dissol. Elected % Change # % % Change
Liberal William Patterson 53 50 50 38 -24% 200,334 45.45% -2.55%
Co-operative Commonwealth George Williams 31 5 5 10 +100% 82,529 18.73% -5.26%
Social Credit Joseph Needham
(default)
40 * 2 * 70,084 15.90% *
  Unity 3 2 9,848 2.24% +2.00%
  Conservative John Diefenbaker 24 52,315 11.87% -14.88%
  Independent Labour 3 * * 12,039 2.73% +2.40%
  Labour Progressive 2 * * 8,514 1.93% *
  Independent 2 4,023 0.91% +0.22%
  Independent Conservative 1 * * 828 0.19% *
Independent Social Credit 1 * * 228 0.05% *
Total 160 55 55 52 -5.5% 440,742 100%  
Source: Elections Saskatchewan

Note: * Party did not nominate candidates in previous election.

PercentagesEdit

Popular vote
Liberal
45.45%
CCF
18.73%
Social Credit
15.90%
Conservative
11.87%
Unity
2.24%
Others
5.81%
Seats summary
Liberal
73.08%
CCF
19.23%
Social Credit
3.85%
Unity
3.85%

RankingEdit

Party Seats Second Third Fourth
Liberal 38 15 0 0
Co-operative Commonwealth 10 13 6 2
Social Credit 2 13 18 7
  Unity 2 0 1 0
  Conservative 0 9 9 6
  Other parties 0 2 7 0

Riding resultsEdit

Names in bold represent cabinet ministers and the Speaker. Party leaders are italicized. The symbol " ** " indicates MLAs who are not running again.

Northwestern SaskatchewanEdit

Electoral District Candidates Incumbent
Liberal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Social Credit Conservative Other
         
Athabasca   Jules Marion
642
William J. Windrum (Liberal) 628   Deakin Alexander Hall
Cut Knife   John A. Gordon
2,379
Andrew Macauley
1,766
Bill Roseland
2,471
  Andrew James Macauley
Meadow Lake   Donald MacDonald
3,184
Robert C. Paul
1,800
Judson B. Clark
2,434
  Donald MacDonald
Redberry   Orest Zerebko
2,601
Sheridan P. Porter
1,824
Arnold Larsen (Ind.) 1,572 New District
Rosthern   John Uhrich
3,267
H. Henry Henschel
1,735
Peter Peters (Ind. Social Credit) 228   John Michael Uhrich
Shellbrook   Omer Demers
2,933
Albert Mansfield
1,343
Virden Gable
2,560
  Omer Demers
The Battlefords   John Gregory
3,119
Lloyd A. Gardiner
1,287
Albert J. Tatchell
2,085
  John Albert Gregory
Turtleford   Bill Kerr
2,925
John Stegehuis
440
James Proctor
2,759
Walter A. Hicks
456
  Charles Arthur Ayre**
June 26, 1940 By-Election: The Battlefords
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
  Liberal Paul Prince 3,289 61.76% +13.71%
  CCF Max Campbell 2,036 38.24% +18.41%
Total 5,325 100.00%
July 28, 1941 By-Election: Athabasca
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
  Liberal Hubert Staines Acclaimed 100.00%
Total Acclamation

Northeastern SaskatchewanEdit

Electoral District Candidates Incumbent
Liberal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Social Credit Conservative
       
Cumberland   Deakin A. Hall
548
George W. Smith
57
New District
Humboldt   Jim King
3,636
Joe Burton
3,446
John J. Lins
385
  James Chisholm King
Kelvington   James Marshall
2,747
Peter Howe
4,174
  George Ernest Dragan
Kinistino   John Taylor
2,866
William J. Boyle
1,864
William H. Setka
1,482
Andrew Fraser
560
  John Richard Parish Taylor
Melfort   John MacFarlane
2,657
Oakland Woods Valleau
3,024
Chrysostom J. Lewis
1,029
Gilbert D. Eamer
1,604
  John Duncan MacFarlane
Prince Albert   Thomas Davis
5,279
John J.F. McIsaac
970
George Bzowey
2,342
Kennedy H. Palmer
2,227
  Thomas Clayton Davis
Tisdale   Harvie Dorrance
3,421
John Hewgill Brockelbank
4,202
Robert M. Locker
1,115
Garth F. Johnston
654
  Harvie James Dorrance
Torch River   Jim Kiteley
1,992
Harry Fenster
1,354
Herve Prince
1,025
Conrad B. Euler
366
New District
August 4, 1938 By-Election: Humboldt
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
  CCF Joe Burton 3,909 50.90% +4.75%
  Liberal Charles Dunn 3,771 49.10% +0.41%
Total 7,680 100.00%
October 16, 1939 By-Election: Prince Albert
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
  Liberal Harry Fraser Acclaimed 100.00%
Total Acclamation

West Central SaskatchewanEdit

Electoral District Candidates Incumbent
Liberal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Social Credit Conservative
       
Arm River   Gustaf Herman Danielson
3,295
John Diefenbaker
3,105
  Gustaf Herman Danielson
Biggar   Bob Hassard
3,196
John Young
3,341
Henry A. Gardner
841
  Robert Pelham Hassard
Hanley   Charles Agar
2,774
Frederick E. Roluf
1,599
John A. Stewart
1,623
  Charles Agar
Kerrobert-Kindersley   Donald Laing
3,298
Frank Jaenicke
1,201
Robert M. Goodwin
2,336
Donald Laing
Kerrobert
Merged district
Louis Henry Hantelman
Kindersley
Rosetown   Neil McVicar
2,449
John T. Douglas
1,941
William J. Loucks
1,415
Andrew Wilson
951
  Neil McVicar
Watrous   Frank S. Krenn
3,522
John Waldbillig
2,181
Charles A. Schmeiser
1,609
Julius W. Stechishin
474
  Bert Clement**
Wilkie   John C. Knowles
4,053
Frank R. Beggs
2,797
  John Jardine**

East Central SaskatchewanEdit

Electoral District Candidates Incumbent
Liberal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Social Credit Conservative Other
         
Canora   George Dragan
3,259
Myron Feeley
3,504
New District
Last Mountain   Guy H. Hummel
3,168
Jacob Benson
3,299
William H. Schroder
902
Alfred J. Dyer
1,121
  Guy Hartsel Hummel
Melville   Charles Dunn
5,089
John Herman
5,100
  E. Walt Gerrand**
Pelly   Reginald J.M. Parker
3,936
Gertrude S. Telford
3,088
  Reginald John Marsden Parker
Saltcoats   Asmundur A. Loptson
3,114
Joseph L. Phelps
3,409
Alexander E. Sahlmark
1,003
New District
Touchwood   John Parker
1,910
Tom Johnston
2,301
Hugh H. Lyle
1,268
John Hnatyshyn
1,287
  John Mason Parker
Wadena   Donald McCallum
3,085
George Williams
4,871
Harry W. Arnold
345
  George Hara Williams
Yorkton   Vincent Smith
3,274
Alan Stewart (Unity) 4,955   Vincent Reynolds Smith

Southwest SaskatchewanEdit

Electoral District Candidates Incumbent
Liberal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Social Credit Conservative Other
         
Elrose   George B. Weiler
2,676
Louis H. Hantelman
3,164
Gilbert A.W. Gessel
1,014
Henry T. Blackwell
360
  John Andrew Wilson**
Gravelbourg   Edward Culliton
3,683
Andrew J. Miller
2,202
  Edward Milton Culliton
Gull Lake   Harvey McMahon
3,901
Henry Kemper
3,732
  Herman Henry Kemper
Maple Creek   John Mildenberger
4,058
Oliver Reid
2,136
A.J. Mercer (Unity) 1,562   John Joseph Mildenberger
Morse   Benjamin T. Hyde
2,861
Henry P. Thiessen
1,808
William E. Armstrong
1,416
Cliff B. Martin
478
  Neil John MacDonald**
Notukeu-Willow Bunch   Charles W. Johnson
3,659
John E. Lidgett
2,859
George W.S. Eisnor
1,100
George Spence**
Notukeu
Merged district
Charles William Johnson
Willow Bunch
Swift Current   Jim Taggart
4,953
Clarence Stork
3,584
Alfred C. Butterworth
1,097
  James Gordon Taggart

Southeast SaskatchewanEdit

Electoral District Candidates Incumbent
Liberal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Social Credit Conservative Other
         
Bengough   James B. Smith
3,158
Herman K. Warren (Unity) 3,331   James Bidwell Smith
Cannington   William Patterson
4,473
Gladys Strum
3,477
  William John Patterson
Lumsden   Robert S. Donaldson
2,596
McDirmid Rankin
1,847
Thomas Allan McInnis
624
Claude H.J. Burrows
1,923
  Henry Phillip Mang**
Milestone   William Pedersen
2,820
Samuel Horton
630
Samuel Norval Horner (Ind.) 2,451   William Pedersen
Moosomin   Arthur Procter
4,198
Joseph C. Richards
1,400
Percy S. George
2,528
  Arthur Thomas Procter
Qu'Appelle-Wolseley   Frederick M. Dundas
4,871
Joseph Thauberger
1,496
Stanley W. Nichols
3,253
  Frederick Middleton Dundas
Souris-Estevan   Norman McLeod
4,383
W. Glenroy Allen
3,467
Ernest W. Hinkson
441
  Jesse Pichard Tripp**
Weyburn   George L. Crane
4,744
Frederick C. Williams
4,167
John C. Burnside (Ind. Conservative) 828   Hugh Elliott Eaglesham**

Urban constituenciesEdit

Electoral District Candidates Incumbent
Liberal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Social Credit Conservative Other
         
Moose Jaw City   William Gladstone Ross
4,830

William George Baker
4,728

John Wesley Corman
2,689

William J. Passmore
2,465

John Alexander Merkley
2,137

Arthur W.E. Fawkes
2,005

  William Gladstone Ross

William George Baker

Saskatoon City   James Wilfred Estey
7,213

Robert Mitford Pinder
6,893

Jacob Klassen
4,339

John Harrison Hilton
4,164

James T.M. Anderson
5,006

Stephen N. MacEachern
4,692

Robert Hunter (Independent Labour) 4,813   James Wilfred Estey

George Wesley Norman**

Regina City   Percy McCuaig Anderson
12,749

Bamm David Hogarth
12,641

John Harold Crawford
966
Hugh McGillivray
7,934

Frederick Bertram Bagshaw
6,576

Alban Cedric Ellison (Ind. Labour) 5,329

Samuel Barrington East (Lab. Prog.) 4,426

Thomas Gerald McManus (Lab. Prog.) 4,088

Alexander Duff Connon (Ind. Labour) 1,897

  Percy McCuaig Anderson

William Franklin Kerr

November 24, 1938 By-Election: Regina City (1 member elected)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
  Liberal (x) Bernard J. McDaniel 10,197 49.52%
  Conservative Reginald M. Balfour 5,809 28.21%
  CCF Charles Cromwell Williams 4,298 20.87%
  Social Credit
Farmer-Labour
J.B. McLeod 156 0.76%
  Social Credit Cornelius Rink 133 0.64%
Total 20,593 100.00%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Brown, Lorne A. (2007). The Early CCF in Saskatchewan. p. 183.

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit