The year 1937 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- Uaxactun project by Carnegie Institution led by Oliver Ricketson ends.
- Excavations at Vergina conducted by University of Thessaloniki.
- Major excavations begin at Avebury by Alexander Keiller (continue until 1939).
- Excavations at Alalakh, Turkey, conducted by Leonard Woolley, begin (continue until 1949, interrupted by World War II).
- Excavations at Nagar, Syria, conducted by Max Mallowan, begin (continue until 1938).
- Chinese excavations at Peking Man Site in Zhoukoudian, begun in 1927 by Davidson Black, and Yinxu, begun in 1928 by Li Chi, come to an end with the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
- Excavations begin at the neolithic site of Hyrax Hill, Kenya, by Mary Leakey (continues until 1938).
- Major excavations begin at the Hohlenstein-Stadel cave in Germany, conducted by Robert Wetzel and Otto Völzing (continue until August 1939).
- Recording of standing medieval buildings by William A. Pantin and excavations beneath site and stratigraphy of medieval pottery by Rupert Bruce-Mitford on construction site for New Bodleian Library in Oxford, one of the earliest instances of rescue archaeology in England.
- Excavation of 'Caesar's Camp' Iron Age hillfort on Wimbledon Common in London.
- Expedition to the Nuuk district of Greenland by a Polish team led by Aage Roussell.
- Ferriby Boat 1 found by Ted Wright. Wright finds two other boats, in 1940 and 1963, the latter of which is later discovered to be the oldest Bronze Age boat in Western Europe.
- Earliest known papyrus scroll found in tomb of Hemaka at Saqqara in Egypt.
- A large garlanded sarcophagus is found in the necropolis near Konuralp in Turkey.
- Dorothy Garrod - The Stone Age of Mount Carmel: excavations at the Wady el-Mughara.
- Stuart Piggott - "The early Bronze Age in Wessex".
- Institute of Archaeology established within the University of London by Mortimer Wheeler and Tessa Verney Wheeler.
- Lion of Amphipolis re-erected in Greece.
- Obelisk of Axum moved from Ethiopia to Rome. It is returned to Ethiopia in 2005.
- A Civilian Conservation Corps of Navajo stonemasons repairs Chacoan buildings in Chaco Canyon. A previous group has built soil conservation devices, planted trees and improved roads and trails.
- June 18 - Bruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist and McGill University professor (died 2006)
- July 25 - Colin Renfrew, British archaeologist
- November 3 - Andrea Carandini, Italian archaeology professor
- July 17 - Percy Gardner, English classical archaeologist (born 1846)
- ^ Hassall, Tom (1987). Oxford: The Buried City. Oxford Archaeological Unit. p. 4. ISBN 0-904220-09-5.
- ^ Dyer, James. Discovering Prehistoric England. Shire Publications. p. 101.
- ^ "Bronze Age boat 'oldest in Europe'". news.bbc.co.uk. 22 March 2001. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
- ^ Emery, W. B. (1938). Excavations at Saqqara: the tomb of Hemaka. Cairo. Government Press.
- ^ Wilkinson, Toby A. H. (1999). Early Dynastic Egypt. London: Routledge. p. 65. ISBN 0-203-20421-2.
- ^ "The Institute of Archaeology: the first 75 years". Institute of Archaeology, UCL. 2019-01-22. Archived from the original on 2021-04-14. Retrieved 2022-01-13.
- ^ "Obelisk returned to Ethiopia after 68 years". The Guardian. 20 April 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- ^ "Antiquity Journal". www.antiquity.ac.uk. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
- ^ "Colin Renfrew". British Film Institute. Retrieved 1 June 2017.