The year 1934 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- Poznań University project at Biskupin begins, led by Józef Kostrzewski and Zdzisław Rajewski.
- Snaketown, Arizona, under direction of Harold S. Galdwin.
- Kennet Avenue, by Alexander Keiller (continues to 1935).
- Maiden Castle, Dorset, by Mortimer Wheeler (continues to 1937).
- Persepolis, by Erich Schmidt (continues to 1939).
- Qafzeh cave excavations at Mount Precipice begin, led by René Neuville, uncovering remains of Hominidae dated to ca. 95,000 years BP.
- The site of the statue of the Warrior of Capestrano, accidentally discovered this year, is investigated by Giuseppe Moretti.
- Viking Age ruins at Igaliku in Greenland, by Aage Roussell, Eigil Knuth and Poul Nørlund.
- 2 January: Warka Vase found at Uruk.
- The Statue of Ebih-Il is unearthed in Mari, Syria, by a French team.
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- Russian paleophytologist V. A. Petrov sees a Latin stone inscription near Füzuli, Azerbaijan, mentioning Legio XII Fulminata; its exact location is unknown.
- January 1 - Khaled al-Asaad, Syrian archaeologist (d. 2015)
- May 13 - Ehud Netzer, Professor of archeology at Hebrew University known for his excavations related to Herod the Great (d. 2010)
- August 11 - Graham Connah, English-born archaeologist
- September 2 - Donald B. Redford, Canadian Egyptologist
- September 4 - Giovanni Colonna, Italian archaeologist of the Etruscan civilization
- January 29 - Albert Lythgoe, American Egyptologist, curator of the New York Metropolitan Museum (b. 1868)
- March 14 - Francis Llewellyn Griffith, British Egyptologist (b. 1862)
- March 15 - Davidson Black, Canadian paleoanthropologist (b. 1884)
- November 23 - E. A. Wallis Budge, English Egyptologist. (b. 1857)
- ^ Тревер, Камилла (1959). Очерки по истории о культуре Кавказской Албании (in Russian). Издательство Академии Наук СССР. p. 330.
- ^ "Khaled al-Asaad, curator - obituary". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
- ^ Dove, Aytan (7 December 2010). "Ehud Netzer obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
- ^ "Davidson Black - Canadian anthropologist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 31 May 2017.