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1934 Australian federal election

The 1934 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 15 September 1934. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent United Australia Party led by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Lyons formed a minority government, with 33 out of 74 seats in the House.

1934 Australian federal election

← 1931 15 September 1934 1937 →

All 74 seats of the Australian House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats of the Australian Senate
  First party Second party
  Joseph Lyons.jpg James H. Scullin.jpg
Leader Joseph Lyons James Scullin
Party United Australia Labor
Leader since 7 May 1931 26 April 1928
Leader's seat Wilmot (Tas.) Yarra (Vic.)
Last election 50 seats 14 seats
Seats won 42 seats 18 seats
Seat change Decrease8 Increase4
Percentage 53.50% 46.50%
Swing Decrease5.00% Increase5.00%

  Third party Fourth party
  Earle Page - Falk Studios (cropped).jpg JackLang.jpg
Leader Earle Page Jack Lang
Party Country Labor (NSW)
Leader since 5 April 1921 31 July 1923
Leader's seat Cowper (NSW) Did not run
Last election 16 seats 4 seats
Seats won 14 seats 9 seats
Seat change Decrease2 Increase5
Percentage 12.61% 14.37%
Swing Increase0.36% Increase3.80%

Australia 1934 federal election.png
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an IRV election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.

Prime Minister before election

Joseph Lyons
United Australia

Subsequent Prime Minister

Joseph Lyons
United Australia

The opposition Australian Labor Party (ALP) led by James Scullin saw its share of the primary vote fall to an even lower number than in the 1931 election, due to the Lang Labor split. However, it was able to pick up an extra four seats on preferences and therefore improve on its position.

Almost two months after the election, the UAP entered into a coalition with the Country Party, led by Earle Page.

Future Prime Ministers Robert Menzies and John McEwen both entered parliament at this election.

ResultsEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

House of Reps (IRV) — 1934–37—Turnout 95.17% (CV) — Informal 3.44%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change Note
  United Australia Party 1,170,978 32.97 −3.13 28 −6
  Australian Labor Party 952,251 26.81 −0.28 18 +4 (1 elected
unopposed)
  Australian Labor Party (NSW) 510,480 14.37 +3.80 9 +5
  Country Party 447,968 12.61 +0.36 14 −2
  Social Credit Party 166,589 4.69 * 0 0
  Liberal & Country League (SA) 142,583 4.01 * 5 +5
  Communist Party of Australia 47,499 1.34 0 0
  Independents 113,037 3.18 −5.04 0 −1
  Total 3,551,385     74 −1

The member for Northern Territory, Adair Blain (Independent), had voting rights only for issues affecting the Territory, and so is not included in this table.

Popular Vote
United Australia
33.17%
Labor
26.81%
Labor (NSW)
14.37%
Country
12.61%
Social Credit
4.69%
LCL
4.01%
Independent
3.18%
Communist
1.34%
Parliament Seats
Coalition
56.76%
Labor
24.32%
Labor (NSW)
12.16%
LCL
6.76%

SenateEdit

Senate (P BV) — 1934–37—Turnout 95.03% (CV) — Informal 11.35%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Australian Labor Party 923,151 28.08 −1.18 0 3 −7
  United Australia Party 679,422 20.66 −4.59 10 26 +5
  UAP/Country (Joint Ticket) 599,723 18.24 −11.92 6
  Country Party 470,283 14.30 * 2 7 +2
  Australian Labor Party (NSW) 435,045 13.23 +1.12 0 0 0
  Social Credit Party 91,596 2.79 * 0 0 0
  Communist Party of Australia 73,506 2.24 +1.30 0 0 0
  Independents 15,105 0.46 −1.81 0 0 0
  Total 3,287,831     18 36

Seats changing handsEdit

Seat Pre-1934 Swing Post-1934
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Barker, SA   United Australia Malcolm Cameron N/A 6.4 18.7 Archie Cameron Country  
Bass, Tas   United Australia Allan Guy 14.5 14.8 0.3 Claude Barnard Labor  
Batman, Vic   United Australia Samuel Dennis 14.5 14.8 0.3 Frank Brennan Labor  
Corangamite, Vic   Country William Gibson N/A 7.2 15.7 Geoffrey Street United Australia  
Darling, NSW   Labor Arthur Blakeley N/A 63.5 13.5 Joe Clark Labor (NSW)  
Denison, Tas   United Australia Arthur Hutchin 5.0 5.3 0.3 Gerald Mahoney Labor  
Franklin, Tas   United Australia Archibald Blacklow 13.0 15.4 2.4 Charles Frost Labor  
Fremantle, WA   United Australia William Watson 5.5 6.6 1.1 John Curtin Labor  
Maribyrnong, Vic   United Australia James Fenton 0.4 7.1 6.7 Arthur Drakeford Labor  
Northern Territory, NT   Labor H. G. Nelson N/A 7.5 1.8 Adair Blain Independent  
Werriwa, NSW   Country Walter McNicoll 1.7 3.2 2.5 Bert Lazzarini Labor (NSW)  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit