1932 Belgian general election

General elections were held in Belgium on 27 November 1932.[1] The Catholic Party won 79 of the 187 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 42 of the 93 seats in the Senate.[2] Voter turnout was 94.3%.[3]

1932 Belgian general election

← 1929 27 November 1932 1936 →

All 187 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
All 93 seats in the Senate
  First party Second party Third party
  DeBroqueville.jpg No image.png No image.png
Leader Charles de Broqueville Joseph Van Roosbroeck Albert Devèze
Party Catholic Labour Liberal
Leader since Candidate for PM 1918 1927
Last election 71 seats, 35.38% 70 seats, 36.02% 28 seats, 16.55%
Seats won 79 73 24
Seat change Increase 8 Increase 3 Decrease 4
Popular vote 856,027 824,946 313,722
Percentage 38.42% 37.03% 14.08%
Swing Increase 3.04% Increase 1.01% Decrease 2.47%

Government before election

de Broqueville II
Catholic-Liberal

Elected Government

de Broqueville II
Catholic-Liberal

BackgroundEdit

 
Prime Minister de Broqueville

The elections occurred during an economic crisis, the Great Depression. The Catholic-Liberal government led by Jules Renkin faced rising unemployment, derailing public finances and strikes benefiting the Communist Party. Parliamentary elections were due in May 1933 at the latest. On 18 October 1932, Prime Minister Renkin resigned under pressure from King Albert I, allowing the more experienced Charles de Broqueville to take charge. He immediately dissolved parliament and scheduled parliamentary elections for 27 November 1932.

Municipal elections had also occurred on 9 October 1932, where the Catholic Party lost ground to socialists and liberals. To avoid losses during the parliamentary elections, de Broqueville used the issue of education in the election campaign, which was a major issue under his previous 1911–1918 government.

His strategy worked; the Catholics won, but also the socialists and communists gained ground, whereas the liberals lost seats. The socialists refused to enter government, and the Catholic-Liberal coalition continued their government and proceeded to take drastic measures for economic recovery.

ResultsEdit

Chamber of RepresentativesEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Catholic Party 856,027 38.42 79 +8
Belgian Labour Party 824,946 37.03 73 +3
Liberal Party 313,722 14.08 24 –4
Frontpartij 126,113 5.66 8 –3
Communist Party of Belgium 64,552 2.90 3 +2
Other parties 42,516 1.91 0 –6
Invalid/blank votes 38,600
Total 2,266,476 100 187 0
Source: Belgian Elections

SenateEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Catholic Party 893,290 43.95 42 +4
Belgian Labour Party 860,053 42.31 39 +3
Liberal Party 339,127 16.69 11 -2
Frontpartij 119,740 5.89 1 -2
Communist Party of Belgium 54,902 2.70 0 New
Other parties 20,256 1.00 0 -3
Invalid/blank votes 105,105 -
Total 2,137,611 100 93 0
Source Belgian Elections

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip (31 May 2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. p. 289. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7.
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p308
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p290