1930 New South Wales state election

The 1930 New South Wales state election was held on 25 October 1930. The election was conducted in single member constituencies with compulsory preferential voting. The election occurred at the height of the Great Depression and was a landslide victory for the expansionary monetary policies of Jack Lang.[1][2][3]

1930 New South Wales state election

← 1927 25 October 1930 (1930-10-25) 1932 →

All 90 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
46 Assembly seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  JackLang.jpg Thomas Bavin.jpg
Leader Jack Lang Thomas Bavin
Party Labor Nationalist/Country coalition
Leader since 31 July 1923 24 September 1925
Leader's seat Auburn Gordon
Last election 40 seats 46 seats
Seats won 55 seats 35 seats
Seat change Increase15 Decrease11
Percentage 55.1% 40.0%
Swing Increase12.1 Decrease7.3

New South Wales Legislative Assembly 1930.svg
Legislative Assembly after the election

Premier before election

Thomas Bavin
Nationalist/Country coalition

Elected Premier

Jack Lang
Labor

As a result of the election, the Nationalist/Country Party coalition government of Thomas Bavin and Ernest Buttenshaw was defeated and the Labor party, led by Jack Lang, formed government with a parliamentary majority of 20. The Parliament first met on 25 November 1930, and had a maximum term of 3 years. However it was dissolved after only 18 months on 18 May 1932 when the Governor, Sir Philip Game dismissed the Premier Jack Lang[4] and commissioned Bertram Stevens to form a caretaker government. Thomas Bavin was the Leader of the Opposition until 5 April 1932 when he was replaced by Bertram Stevens.[5] Michael Bruxner replaced Buttenshaw as leader of the Country Party in early 1932.[6]

Key datesEdit

Date Event
18 September 1930 The Legislative Assembly was dissolved, and writs were issued by the Governor to proceed with an election.
2 October 1930 Nominations for candidates for the election closed.
25 October 1930 Polling day.
4 November 1930 Third Lang ministry sworn in.
21 November 1930 Writs returned.
23 June 1932 Opening of 31st Parliament.

ResultsEdit

New South Wales state election, 25 October 1930
Legislative Assembly
<< 19271932 >>

Enrolled voters 1,428,648[a]
Votes cast 1,325,945 Turnout 94.94 +12.4
Informal votes 30,478 Informal 2.25 +0.94
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes % Swing Seats Change
  Labor 729,914 55.05 +12.05 55 +15
  Nationalist 404,405 30.50 –7.98 23 –10
  Country 126,779 9.56 +0.67 12 –1
  Australian 27,493 2.07 +2.07 0 ±0
  Communist 10,445 0.79 +0.79 0 ±0
  Independent Labor 7,186 0.54 –2.30 0 –2
  Independent Country 3,298 0.25 –0.13 0 ±0
  Ind. Nationalist 977 0.07 –2.58 0 –2
  Independents 15,448 1.17 –1.95 0 ±0
Total 1,325,945     90  
Popular vote
Labor
55.05%
Nationalist
30.50%
Country
9.56%
Australian
2.07%
Others
2.82%
Parliamentary seats
Labor
55
Nationalist
23
Country
12

Changing seatsEdit

Seats changing hands
Seat 1927 1930
Party Member Note Member Party
Albury   Nationalist John Ross Defeated as Independent. Joseph Fitzgerald United Australia^p^t| style="background-color:#00008B;" | 
Alexandria   Labor Bill Ratcliffe District abolished, won Barwon.
Arncliffe New district Joseph Cahill Labor  
Ashburnham   Nationalist Edmund Best Defeated William Keast
Balmain   Independent Labor H. V. Evatt Appointed to the High Court. John Quirk
Barwon   Nationalist Walter Wearne Retired Bill Ratcliffe
Bondi   Ind. Nationalist Harold Jaques Defeated as Nationalist. Abe Landa
Botany   Independent Labor Thomas Mutch Defeated Bob Heffron
Bulli New district Andrew Lysaght
Casino New district John Reid Country  
Castlereagh   Country Harold Thorby Defeated for Dubbo Joseph Clark Labor  
Cobar New district Mat Davidson
Concord New district Henry McDicken
Drummoyne   Nationalist John Lee Defeated David McLelland
Dubbo New district Alfred McClelland
Dulwich Hill   Nationalist John Ness Defeated Frank Connors
Eastwood David Anderson District abolished, defeated for Ryde.
Enmore   Labor Joe Lamaro District abolished, won Petersham.
Georges River New district Ted Kinsella Labor  
Kahibah   Labor Hugh Connell District abolished, woin Hamilton.
Kogarah New district Mark Gosling Labor  
North Sydney   Nationalist Ernest Marks Defeated Ben Howe
Parramatta Herbert Lloyd Defeated Joseph Byrne
Oatley   Labor Mark Gosling District abolished, won Kogarah.
Petersham New district Joe Lamaro Labor  
Randwick   Nationalist Ernest Tresidder Defeated Jack Flanagan
Rockdale Guy Arkins District abolished, defeated for Waverley.
Rozelle   Labor John Quirk District abolished, won Balmain.
Ryde   Nationalist David Anderson Defeated Evan Davies Labor  
St George   Labor Joseph Cahill District abolished, won Arncliffe.
Surry Hills Tom Shannon District abolished, won Phillip.
Wallsend Robert Cameron District abolished, partly replaced by Waratah.
Waratah New district Robert Cameron Labor  
Waverley   Nationalist Carl Glasgow Retired William Clementson
Willoughby   Ind. Nationalist Edward Sanders Joined Nationalist Edward Sanders Nationalist  
Wollongong   Labor Billy Davies District abolished, won Illawarra.
Yass New district George Ardill Nationalist  
Young   Country Albert Reid Defeated Clarrie Martin Labor  

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ There were 1,440,785 enrolled voters, but 12,137 were enrolled in the Country-held seat of Byron, which was uncontested.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Green, Antony. "1930 election totals". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  2. ^ Part 5B alphabetical list of all electorates and Members since 1856 (PDF). NSW Parliamentary Record. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Former members of the New South Wales Parliament, 1856–2006". New South Wales Parliament. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  4. ^ Nairn, Bede. "Lang, John Thomas (Jack) (1876–1975)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 2 November 2021 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  5. ^ Ward, John M. "Stevens, Sir Bertram Sydney Barnsdale (1889–1973)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 2 November 2021 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  6. ^ Aitkin, Don. "Bruxner, Sir Michael Frederick (1882–1970)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 5 April 2007 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  • Nairn, Bede (1986). The 'Big Fella': Jack Lang and the Australian Labor Party 1891-1949. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. p. 369. ISBN 0-522-84406-5. OCLC 34416531.