1924 Greek republic referendum

A referendum on becoming a republic was held in Greece on 13 April 1924.[1] It followed the catastrophic outcome of the Asia Minor Campaign. As a result of the military defeat, King Constantine I was forced to abdicate (27 September 1922) in favor of his son, King George II. King George himself later went into exile in the Kingdom of Romania, the home of his wife Elisabeth of Romania, while the government debated the fate of the monarchy. Ultimately, a plebiscite was called. This referendum, following the restoration of Constantine I in 1920, reflected the see-saw nature of the Greek electorate and the then-present dominance of the Liberal and Republican Venizelists in Greek politics and abolished the Crown.

1924 Greek republic referendum
State Flag of Greece (1863-1924 and 1935-1973).svg
13 April 1924
Votes %
Yes 758,472 69.98%
No 325,322 30.02%
Valid votes 1,083,794 99.97%
Invalid or blank votes 291 0.03%
Total votes 1,084,085 100.00%

In the lead up to the referendum, Prime Minister Alexandros Papanastasiou favoured the vote for the Republic, while Venizelos kept a neutral stance.[citation needed] Nonetheless, on 25 March 1924 the Second Hellenic Republic was proclaimed by parliament.[citation needed]


Choice Votes %
For 758,472 70.0
Against 325,322 30.0
Invalid/blank votes 291
Total 1,084,085 100
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7