Following a national congress in January 1920, a 37-member National Council was formed. On 24 November 1920, 18 members of the Council resigned and called for elections to a new parliament. The government subsequently approved the decision to hold elections on 14 December.
The elections were held on an indirect, two-stage basis. In the first round, voting was restricted to men aged over 20, who elected one elector for each 500 registered voters by first-past-the-post voting. Four weeks later, the electors assembled in the main town of each district to elect the 78 members of parliament.
Following the elections, a number of unstable factions were formed in the newly-elected Parliament, resulting in several government crises. A new government was formed by incumbent Prime Minister Iliaz Vrioni in May, but he remained in office only until October, when he was replaced by Pandeli Evangjeli, who lasted less than two months. Evangjeli's successor Hasan Prishtina was in office for just five days, after which Idhomen Kosturi took over as Acting Prime Minister for 12 days before Xhafer Ypi succeeded him. In December 1922, Ahmet Zogu was able to form a stable government.
- Dolf Sternberger, Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen & Klaus Landfried (1978) Die Wahl Der Parlamente Und Anderer Stattsorgane: Band I Europa: Erster Halbband, Walter De Gruyter, p59
- Miranda Vickers (2011) The Albanians: A Modern History, pp69–70
- Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp125–128 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7