1920 Algerian Political Rights Petition

The 1920 Algerian Political Rights Petition was the first petition to claim the political rights of Algerians within French Algeria following the 1919 Algerian municipal elections.[1][2]

1920 Algerian Political Rights Petition
Author
Original titlePétition n°30, Pétition du 18 juillet 1920, Pétition des droits politiques algériens de 1920
CountryFrench Algeria
LanguageFrench
Subject
GenrePetition
PublishedFrench Senate
Publication date
18 July 1920

HistoryEdit

The participation of tens of thousands of Algerian soldiers in the battles of the First World War in France and their decisive intervention in the victory against the German army earned them rewards after their return to Algeria.[3]

It is in this way that the Jonnart Law allowed veterans and disabled natives to accede to functions in the colonial administration and to obtain real estate in the cities and in the countryside as a sign of assimilation within the framework of the Indigénat code.[4]

The provisions that followed the endorsement of this law on February 4, 1919 then made it possible to produce legal texts specifying the trades allowed to native Algerians with consequent restrictions in the administrative professional hierarchy.[5]

But the municipal elections of 1919 enabled the political representation of the natives to expand in the municipalities as of right, thus producing a new need for political and union freedoms.[6]

Indeed, the general councilor Khalid ibn Hashim in Algiers, as well as the municipal councilor Mohamed Seghir Boushaki as representative of the elected natives, began to ferment and foment a protest action through French institutions ranging from communes to the French Senate, and even so far as writing to US President Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924).[7]

PetitionEdit

 
Emir Khaled (1875-1936)

The demand for the political rights of indigenous Algerians after the First World War was concretized by the writing of an official petition dated July 18, 1920 to the French Senate.[8]

This protest document was inspired by the Emir Khaled and made concrete by the many municipal councilors led and represented by Mohamed Seghir Boushaki elected in the full-service municipality of Thénia (formerly Ménerville).

The secretariat of the Senate registered this document under the name of "Petition N°30" having for object the respectful protest of the Algerian indigenous municipal councilors before the Senate against the new provisions of the code of the Indigénat.

Indeed, a bill had been tabled in the Upper House of Parliament by the services of the French Government relating to the modification of the regulations of the regime of the native status in Algeria and the accession of the natives of Algeria to political rights.[9]

Senate DebateEdit

It was Senator Charles Cadilhon (1876-1940) who was mandated and appointed by the French Senate to report the discussions and debates of other senators on its content claims, and this during the session of May 19, 1921.[10][11]

This senator from the Landes then noted in his report that the bill modifying the code of the Indigénat to which this petition related had indeed been adopted and endorsed by the two French parliamentary assemblies.[12]

Indeed, this government project had become the law of August 4, 1920 (French: Loi du 4 août 1920) after its majority adoption by the deputies and senators, and this law was then published after its definitive promulgation in the Journal officiel de la République française on August 6, 1920, starting on page 11287.[13]

At the conclusion of the senatorial debate on "Petition No. 30", the committee chaired by the rapporteur Charles Cadilhon finally pronounced negatively on the agenda concerning the extended political rights for the natives, and this refusal and denial was entered in the registers of the Senate.[14]

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • "Pétitions". Sénat: Séance du 18 juillet 1920. Journal officiel de la République française. (in French). Vol. N° 73. Paris: Quai Voltaire. 20 May 1921. p. 1172. Citation: p. 1170

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Journal officiel de la République française. Débats parlementaires. Sénat : compte rendu in-extenso". Gallica. 19 May 1921.
  2. ^ Sénat, France Assemblée nationale (1871-1942) (12 April 1922). "Annales du Sénat: Débats parlementaires". Imprimerie des Journaux officiels – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "La requête de l'Emir Khaled au président Wilson | El Watan". www.elwatan.com.
  4. ^ "Lettre de l'Émir Khaled à Woodrow Wilson, Président des États-Unis d'Amérique (mai 1919) - Miages-Djebels". www.miages-djebels.org.
  5. ^ Ageron, Charles-Robert (12 April 1980). "La petition de l'Emir Khaled au president Wilson (mai 1919)". 7 (19–20) – via www.projecttopics.org. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Merad, Ali (12 April 1971). "L'émir Khaled (1875-1936) vu par Ibn Badis (1889-1940)". Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée. 9 (1): 21–35. doi:10.3406/remmm.1971.1099 – via www.persee.fr.
  7. ^ Ageron, Charles-Robert (2005). "La pétition de l'Émir Khaledau Président Wilson (mai 1919)". Dans Genèse de l'Algérie algérienne [Genesis of Algerian Algeria] (in French). pp. 165–178.
  8. ^ Benkada, Saddek (30 December 2004). "La revendication des libertés publiquesdans le discours politique du nationalisme algérien et de l'anticolonialisme français(1919-1954)". Insaniyat / إنسانيات. Revue algérienne d'anthropologie et de sciences sociales (25–26): 179–199. doi:10.4000/insaniyat.6387. S2CID 193875037 – via journals.openedition.org.
  9. ^ Ageron, Charles-Robert (12 April 1980). "La petition de l'Emir Khaled au president Wilson (mai 1919)". Revue d'histoire maghrébine. 7 (19–20): 199–209 – via www.africabib.org.
  10. ^ "Répertoire administratif des maires et des conseillers municipaux". Gallica. 12 September 1920.
  11. ^ texte, France Sénat (1875-1942) Auteur du (22 December 1922). "Impressions : projets, propositions, rapports... / Sénat". Gallica.
  12. ^ texte, France Sénat (1875-1942) Auteur du (7 July 1922). "Impressions : projets, propositions, rapports... / Sénat". Gallica.
  13. ^ "Pandectes françaises périodiques : Recueil mensuel de jurisprudence et de législation... | 1922" (in French). Gallica. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  14. ^ "Supplément à tous les codes : bulletin des lois usuelles, décrets, arrêtés, circulaires, etc. se référant et s'adaptant à tous les codes : recueil mensuel / fondé par Me A. Weber,... ; publié par M. Paul Roy,..." Gallica. 12 November 1920.