1918 Georgia Tech Golden Tornado football team
The 1918 Georgia Tech Golden Tornado football team[note 1] represented the Georgia Tech Golden Tornado of the Georgia Institute of Technology during the 1918 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football season. The Tornado was coached by John Heisman in his 15th year as head coach, compiling a record of 6–1 (3–0 SIAA) and outscoring opponents 466 to 32. Georgia Tech played its home games at Grant Field.
|1918 Georgia Tech Golden Tornado football|
|Conference||Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association|
|1918 record||6–1 (3–0 SIAA)|
|Head coach||John Heisman (15th season)|
|Offensive scheme||Jump shift|
|Home stadium||Grant Field|
|1918 SIAA football standings|
|Georgia Tech $||3||–||0||–||0||6||–||1||–||0|
Tech eclipsed 100 points three different times. Its only road game was its only loss to national champion Pittsburgh at Forbes Field. Pittsburgh was the only team to score on Tech during the 1918 season. The defeat ended Georgia Tech's 33-game winning streak.
Center Bum Day was recognized as a consensus first-team All-American. He was a first-team selection by Walter Camp; the first Southerner to be chosen for Camp's All-America first team. Bill Fincher and Joe Guyon also made consensus All-America. Fincher and Buck Flowers made Camp's second-team.
- 1 Before the season
- 2 Schedule
- 3 Season summary
- 4 Postseason
- 5 Personnel
- 6 Notes
- 7 Endnotes
- 8 References
Before the seasonEdit
Because of America's entry into World War I in April 1917 and the ongoing war effort, several SIAA schools did not field football teams in 1918. Coming off the South's first national championship in 1917, Tech lost several players to the war effort and was heavily reliant on freshmen.
With captain-elect Everett Strupper lost to the war effort, tackle and placekicker Bill Fincher was left as captain. Fincher had a glass eye which he would covertly pull out after feigning an injury, turn to his opponents and say: "So that's how you want to play!"
Buck Flowers was in his first year on the team. He was a small back who had transferred from Davidson, where last year he starred in the game against Tech. Flowers had grown to weigh 150 pounds and was a backup until Heisman discovered his ability as an open-field runner on punt returns. "Heisman's eyes bulged. And bulged again. On the first punt, Buck ran through the entire first team. Same thing again ... and again. Heisman had uncovered one of the greatest broken-field runners."
|October 5||Clemson||W 28–0|
|October 12||Furman||W 118–0|
|October 19||11th Cavalry*||W 123–0|
|October 26||Camp Gordon*||W 28–0||12,000|
|November 10||NC State*||W 128–0|
|November 23||at Pittsburgh*||L 32–0||30,000|
|November 28||Auburn||W 41–0|
The season opened with a 28–0 defeat of Clemson. During the game, Red Barron hurdled tacklers for a 40-yard gain. The last score came on a 55-yard run by Joe Guyon. Other scores came from Pug Allen and Wally Smith. Former captain Everett Strupper cheered from the sidelines.
The starting lineup was: Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Nesbit (left guard), Davis (center), Dowling (right guard), Vandegrift (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Guyon (right halfback), and Allen (fullback).
Buck Flowers starred in the 118–0 victory over Furman. Joe Guyon played in the line and did well. Tech made 34 first downs. For one score, in the fourth quarter, Flowers hit Red Barron on a 72-yard touchdown pass that went 42 yards in the air.
The scoring breakdown: Barron got 4 touchdowns, Allen 3, Adams 2, Ferst 2, Guyon, Fincher, Flowers, Smith, Cobb, and Doyal one each. Fincher made 14 straight extra points. Flowers made the other two.
The starting lineup was: Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Rogers (left guard), Davis (center), Huffines (right guard), Guyon (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Flowers (left halfback), Ferst (right halfback), and Allen (fullback).
Tech beat the 11th Cavalry 123–0. The game was called after the start of the third quarter. The scoring breakdown: Flowers got 5 touchdowns, Barron 4, Ferst, Allen, and Staton 2 each, Smith, Fincher, and Cobb one each.
The game was nip and tuck until Everett Strupper, former Tech star playing for Gordon, fumbled, and Ferst recovered, racing 30 yards for a touchdown. In the third quarter, Red Barron had a 28-yard touchdown.
Two days before the Armistice, Tech beat NC State Aggies football 128–0. State's only highlight came in the third quarter, when John Ripple recovered a teammate's fumble and returned the ball 75 yards for a touchdown. However, it was called back due to an offsides penalty. Walter Camp attended the game. Ripple became the first football player from North Carolina ever to make an All-America team when he was selected second-team All-American by Camp. Five minutes into the fourth quarter, the game was called. The scoring breakdown: Barron and Ferst got 4 touchdowns each, Smith 3, Allen 3, Staton 2, Cobb 2, and Adams 1.
The starting lineup was: Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Nesbit (left guard), Day (center), Rogers (right guard), Webb (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Adams (right halfback), and Allen (fullback).
After declining the challenge the previous year, Pop Warner's Pittsburgh team was set to play Georgia Tech. In a high-profile game played as a War Charities benefit Pitt dismantled Georgia Tech 32–0, ending Tech's 33-game streak without a loss. Pittsburgh was the 1918 national champion.
Warner historian Francis Powers wrote:
At Forbes Field, the dressing rooms of the two teams were separated only by a thin wall. As the Panthers were sitting around, awaiting Warner's pre-game talk, Heisman began to orate in the adjoining room. In his charge to the Tech squad, Heisman became flowery and fiery. He brought the heroes of ancient Greece and the soldier dead in his armor among the ruins of Pompeii. It was terrific and the Panthers sat, spellbound. When Heisman had finished, Warner chortled and quietly said to his players: 'Okay, boys. There's the speech. Now go out and knock them off.'
Tech's play was early hindered by fumbles. One source relates "Guyon and Flowers were very clever at intercepting forward passes, which in a measure made up for the fumbling in an early part of the game." Guyon also starred on defense.
Pitt's first score came on a pass from Tom Davies to Katy Easterday. The next score came soon after the start of the second quarter, when Davies returned a punt back 50 yards for a touchdown. A double pass got the next score. The fourth touchdown was a 6-yard touchdown by George McLaren. A 55-yard touchdown run by Davies was the final score.
Pitt lost its only game to the Cleveland Naval Reserves. On the Naval team was former Tech star Judy Harlan. Harlan stated: "I intercepted a pass and returned it to midfield in the fourth quarter. I felt I at least had evened up some of the losses we had at Tech."
The starting lineup was: Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Mathes (left guard), Day (center), Huffines (right guard), Webb (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Flowers (left halfback), Guyon (right halfback), and Allen (fullback).
Tech beat Auburn 41–0 on a muddy field. Substitute quarterback B. Adams returned a kickoff 80 yards for a touchdown. The other five touchdowns were achieved by plodding through the mud. The first was on a pass from Buck Flowers to Joe Guyon. Flowers ran in the second, and Guyon ran in the third. Wally Smith made one, and Red Barron the last.
The starting lineup: was Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Webb (left guard), Day (center), Mathes (right guard), Huffines (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Flowers (left halfback), Ferst (right halfback), and Guyon (fullback).
Awards and honorsEdit
Center Bum Day was recognized as a consensus first-team All-American. He was a first-team selection by Walter Camp. Day's selection by Camp as a first-team All-American was a historic first; he was the first Southerner to be chosen for Camp's annual All-America first team, which had been historically loaded with college players from Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and other Northeastern colleges. Captain Bill Fincher was also a consensus All-American, as well as Joe Guyon. Fincher and halfback Buck Flowers made Camp's second-team All-American.
Tech won its fourth straight SIAA title.
The following chart provides a visual depiction of Tech's lineup during the 1918 season with games started at the position reflected in parenthesis. The chart mimics the offense after the jump shift has taken place.
|Oscar Davis||Center, guard||2||Atlanta, Georgia||6'1"||173||18|
|Bum Day||Center||3||Barnesville, Georgia||Porter Military Academy||5'11"||191||20|
|Shorty Doyal||Tackle||5||Atlanta, Georgia||Tech High School||6'3"||183||20|
|Bill Fincher||End, tackle||6||Atlanta, Georgia||Tech High School||6'1"||182||21|
|R. D. Huffines||Tackle||3||Texas||5'8"||184||20|
|W. T. Mathis||Guard||2||Jonesboro, Georgia|
|M. M. Nesbit||Guard||2||Atlanta, Georgia||5'9"||186||21|
|J. C. Rogers||Guard||2|
|Albert Staton||End||6||Atlanta, Georgia||Boys High School||6'2"||174||18|
|B. P. Webb||Guard||3|
|Brainard Adams||Quarterback, halfback||1||Atlanta, Georgia||Boys High School||5'10"||151||20|
|H. T. "Pug" Allen||Fullback||5||Charleston, South Carolina||6'1"||176||19|
|Red Barron||Quarterback||7||Monroe, Georgia||5'11"||166||18|
|F. R. Cobb||Halfback||0||Texas||6'0"||155||19|
|Verne Davis||Halfback||0||Commerce, Georgia||Commerce High School||5'7"||146||20|
|Frank Ferst||Halfback||6||Savannah, Georgia||5'9"||159||19|
|Buck Flowers||Halfback||4||Sumter, South Carolina||Sumter High School||5'7"||150||19|
|27||Joe Guyon||Fullback||4||Magdalena, New Mexico||Carlisle Indian||5'11"||184||24|
|Dewey Scarboro||Halfback||0||Moultrie, Georgia||Moultrie High School||5'6"||145||19|
|Wally Smith||Halfback||0||Atlanta, Georgia||5'6"||154||21|
- L. M. Lamar
The following is an incomplete list of statistics and scores, largely dependent on newspaper summaries.
|F. R. Cobb||4||24|
- Although Georgia Tech's teams are officially known as the "Yellow Jackets", northern writers called the team the "Golden Tornado" in 1917; the name was commonly used until 1928 and for many years afterwards as an alternate nickname.
- Van Brimmer & Rice 2011, p. 147
- Woodruff 1928, p. 70
- "Georgia Tech's 1918 Team; The Dope at a Glance". Atlanta Constitution. October 13, 1918. p. 5. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Dick Jemison (October 6, 1918). "Jackets Defeat Tigers In Typical Opening Game". The Atlanta Constitution. p. 3. Retrieved May 6, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Richard Scott (2008-09-15). SEC Football: 75 Years of Pride and Passion. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-61673-133-5.
- Alexander M. Weyand (1962). Football immortals. p. 91.
- BluePrint, 1919
- "Buck Flowers: He Could Do It All — Well". Daily Item. Sumter, S.C. October 15, 1969. p. B2.
- "Georgia Tech Defeats Clemson College Team". The Charlotte Observer. October 6, 1918. p. 16. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Dick Jemison (October 13, 1918). "Yellow Jackets Top Century Mark In Points Scored". Atlanta Constitution. p. 3. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Georgia Tech 123, 11 U. S. Cavalry 0". The Gazette Times. Pittsburgh. October 20, 1918. sec. 3, p. 4. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
- "Georgia Tech Defeats Camp Gordon Eleven". The Tennessean. October 27, 1918. p. 24. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Dick Jemison (November 10, 1918). "Carolina Signs Armistice Before Game Is Concluded". The Atlanta Constitution. p. 3. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Tim Peeler. "The First Football All-American". Archived from the original on February 21, 2015. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
- "Camp's All American: Football Dean Names Three Teams from Last Season's Records" (PDF). The New York Times. December 31, 1918.
- "Panthers, With Open Attack Defeat Tech by 32 to 0 Score". The Tennessean. November 24, 1918. p. 24. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Keck, Harry (November 30, 1918). "Navy Reserves Steal Game From Pitt". Pittsburgh Sunday Post. Nashville, TN: Athlon Sports Communications: 33. ISBN 1-878839-04-7.. Republished in The Greatest Moments in Pitt Football History (1994).
- David Shribman. 50 Great Moments in Pittsburgh Sports: From the Flying Dutchman to Sid the Kid.
- Borghetti, E.J.; Nestor, Mendy; Welsh, Celeste, eds. (2008). 2008 Pitt Football Media Guide (PDF). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh. p. 156. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Powers 1969, p. 42
- Wiley Lee Umphlett (1992). Creating the Big Game: John W. Heisman and the Invention of American Football. p. 148.
- "Georgia Tech Using Forward Pass Often, Swamps Auburn, 41-0". The Tennessean. November 29, 1918. p. 10. Retrieved January 13, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- 2013 Georgia Tech Football Information Guide, Georgia Tech Athletic Association, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 170, 178, 180 (2013). Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- 2014 NCAA Football Records Book, Award Winners, National Collegiate Athletic Association, Indianapolis, Indiana, pp. 2, 4, 14 (2014). Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Joe Williams, "Joe Williams Says," El Paso Herald-Post, p. 10 (November 12, 1935). Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- Woodruff 1928, p. 71
- "Letterwinners" (PDF). Georgia Institute of Technology. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
- Powers, Francis J. (1969). Life Story of Glen S. (Pop) Warner, Gridiron's Greatest Strategist. Chicago, IL: The Athletic Institute.
- Van Brimmer, Adam; Rice, Homer (2011). 100 Things Yellow Jackets Fans Should Know and Do Before They Die. Chicago: Triumph Books. ISBN 978-1-61749-703-2.
- Woodruff, Fuzzy (1928). A History of Southern Football 1890–1928. 2.