1917 Swiss federal election

Federal elections were held in Switzerland on 28 October 1917. The Free Democratic Party retained its majority in the National Council.[1] They were the last elections held under the majoritarian system; following a referendum in 1918 in which two-thirds of voters voted for the introduction of proportional representation, the electoral system was changed and early elections held in 1919.

The 49 electoral districts

Electoral systemEdit

The 189 members of the National Council were elected in 49 single- and multi-member constituencies using a three-round system. Candidates had to receive a majority in the first or second round to be elected; if it went to a third round, only a plurality was required. Voters could cast as many votes as there were seats in their constituency.[2] There was one seat for every 20,000 citizens, with seats allocated to cantons in proportion to their population.[2]

ResultsEdit

SummaryEdit

Voter turnout was highest in Schaffhausen (where voting was compulsory) at 86.8% and lowest in Uri at 23.4%.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Free Democratic Party 210,323 40.8 103 –9
Social Democratic Party 158,450 30.8 20 +2
Conservative People's Party 84,784 16.4 42 +5
Liberal Democratic Party 25,188 4.9 12 –4
Democratic Group 16,818 3.3 7 +3
Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents 19,459 3.8 4 +3
Others 1 +1
Invalid/blank votes 32,630
Total 547,652 100 189 0
Registered voters/turnout 915,552 59.8
Source: Mackie & Rose,[3] BFS (seats)

By constituencyEdit

Constituency Seats Party Seats
won
Elected members
Zürich 1 7 Free Democratic Party 7
  • Emil Zürcher
  • Alfred Frey
  • Albert Meyer
  • Jakob Lutz
  • Friedrich Fritschi
  • Robert Schmid
  • John Syz
Zürich 2 5 Social Democratic Party 5
  • Herman Greulich
  • August Huggler
  • Anton Rimathé
  • Robert Grimm
  • Fritz Platten
Zürich 3 5 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Heinrich Hess
  • Theodor Odinga
  • Karl August Koller
  • Emil Rellstab
Liberal Party 1 Johann Rudolf Amsler
Zürich 4 5 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Hans Sträuli
  • Carl Jakob Sulzer
  • Carl Bertschinger
  • Emil Hardmeier
Social Democratic Party 1 Friedrich Studer
Zürich 5 3 Democratic Group 2
  • David Ringger
  • Johann Konrad Hörni
Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents 1 Friedrich Bopp
Bern 6 6 Free Democratic Party 6
  • Robert Stucki
  • Emil Lohner
  • Arnold Gottlieb Bühler
  • Hermann Schüpbach
  • Johann Jakob Rebmann
  • Johann Friedrich Michel
Bern 7 7 Social Democratic Party 3
  • Gustav Müller
  • Emil Düby
  • Oskar Schneeberger
Free Democratic Party 3
  • Felix Koch
  • Johann Jenny
  • Johann Hirter
Liberal Party 1 Fritz Burren
Bern 8 4 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Johann Jakob Schär
  • Fritz Bühlmann
  • Friedrich Minder
  • Carl Moser
Bern 9 4 Free Democratic Party 2
  • Friedrich Buri
  • Michael Hofer
Social Democratic Party 2
  • August Rikli
  • Hermann Brand
Bern 10 5 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Alfred Moll
  • Karl Scheurer
  • Jakob Freiburghaus
  • Eduard Will
Social Democratic Party 1 Arnold Knellwolf
Bern 11 3 Social Democratic Party 2
  • Émile Ryser
  • Achille Grospierre
Conservative People's Party 1 Xavier Jobin
Bern 12 3 Conservative People's Party 2
  • Joseph Choquard
  • Ernest Daucourt
Social Democratic Party 1 Maurice Goetschel
Lucerne 13 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Gustav Schaller
  • Peter Knüsel
  • Ferdinand Steiner
Lucerne 14 2 Conservative People's Party 3
  • Eduard Häfliger
  • Josef Anton Balmer
Lucerne 15 3 Conservative People's Party 3
  • Heinrich Walther
  • Dominik Fellmann
  • Franz Moser-Schär
Uri 16 1 Free Democratic Party 1 Martin Gamma
Schwyz 17 3 Conservative People's Party 2
  • Anton von Hettlingen
  • Josef Anton Ferdinand Büeler
Free Democratic Party 1 Martin Steinegger
Obwalden 18 1 Conservative People's Party 1 Peter Anton Ming
Nidwalden 19 1 Conservative People's Party 1 Hans von Matt Jr.
Glarus 20 2 Democratic Group 1 Eduard Blumer
Free Democratic Party 1 Heinrich Jenny
Zug 21 1 Free Democratic Party 1 Hermann Stadlin
Fribourg 22 2 Conservative People's Party 1 Eugène Descheneaux
Free Democratic Party 1 Hermann Liechti
Fribourg 23 5 Conservative People's Party 4
  • Jean-Marie Musy
  • Franz Boschung
  • Charles de Wuilleret
  • Eugène Grand
Free Democratic Party 1 A.-F.-L. Cailler
Solothurn 24 6 Conservative People's Party 2
  • Siegfried Hartmann
  • August Kurer
Free Democratic Party 2
  • Hermann Obrecht
  • Friedrich Stuber
Social Democratic Party 2
  • Hans Affolter
  • Jacques Schmid
Basel-Stadt 25 7 Free Democratic Party 2
  • Christian Rothenberger
  • Emil Göttisheim
Liberal Party 1 Paul Speiser
Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents 1 Rudolf Gelpke
Democratic Group 1 Karl-Oskar Schär
Social Democratic Party 1 Johannes Frei
Conservative People's Party 1 Ernst Feigenwinter
Basel-Landschaft 26 4 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Gustav Adolf Seiler
  • Hermann Straumann
  • Albert Grieder
Independent 1 Heinrich Strub
Schaffhausen 27 2 Free Democratic Party 2
  • Carl Spahn
  • Robert Grieshaber
Appenzell Ausserrhoden 28 3 Free Democratic Party 2
  • Arthur Eugster
  • Johannes Eisenhut
Social Democratic Party 1 Howard Eugster
Appenzell Innerhoden 29 1 Conservative People's Party 1 Adolf Steuble
St. Gallen 30 4 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Karl Emil Wild
  • Eduard Scherrer
  • Albert Mächler
Democratic Group 1 J. A. Scherrer-Füllemann
St. Gallen 31 4 Conservative People's Party 2
  • Carl Zurburg
  • Johann Baptist Eisenring
Democratic Group 1 Heinrich Otto Weber
Free Democratic Party 1 Ernst Schmidheiny
St. Gallen 32 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Gallus Schwendener
  • Ernst Wagner
  • Robert Forrer
St. Gallen 33 2 Conservative People's Party 2
  • Emil Grünenfelder
  • Johann Baptist Schubiger
St. Gallen 34 2 Conservative People's Party 2
  • Othmar Staub
  • Thomas Holenstein Sr.
Grisons 35 6 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Eduard Walser
  • Johann Anton Caflisch
  • Paul Raschein Sr.
  • Andrea Vital
Conservative People's Party 2
  • Alois Steinhauser
  • Johann Schmid
Aargau 36 3 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Otto Hunziker
  • Johann Rudolf Suter
  • Alwin Weber
Aargau 37 4 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Hans Siegrist
  • Heinrich Eugen Abt
  • Emil Keller
  • Arthur Widmer
Aargau 38 1 Conservative People's Party 1 Jakob Nietlispach
Aargau 39 4 Conservative People's Party 2
  • Alfred Wyrsch
  • Franz Xaver Eggspühler
Free Democratic Party 2
  • Gustav Adolf Ursprung
  • Joseph Jäger
Thurgau 40 7 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Oskar Ullmann
  • Heinrich Häberlin
  • Jakob Zingg
  • Jakob Müller
Democratic Group 1 Emil Hofmann
Conservative People's Party 1 Alfons von Streng
Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents 1 Carl Eigenmann
Ticino 41 4 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Emilio Bossi
  • Achille Borella
  • Francesco Vassalli
Conservative People's Party 1 Antonio Luigi Riva
Ticino 42 4 Free Democratic Party 2
  • Brenno Bertoni
  • Evaristo Garbani-Nerini
Conservative People's Party 2
  • Giuseppe Cattori
  • Alfonso Chicherio
Vaud 43 8 Free Democratic Party 5
  • Paul Maillefer
  • Émile Gaudard
  • Henri Chenaux
  • Henri Bersier
  • Gustave Bettex
Liberal Party 3
  • Alois de Meuron
  • Robert Cossy
  • Max de Cérenville
Vaud 44 5 Free Democratic Party 4
  • Ernest Chuard
  • Henri Grobet
  • Louis Reymond
  • Fritz Bosset
Liberal Party 1 Armand Piguet
Vaud 45 3 Free Democratic Party 2
  • John-Henri Mermoud
  • Alfred Jaton
Liberal Party 1 Jean Yersin
Valais 46 4 Conservative People's Party 4
  • Joseph Kuntschen Sr.
  • Alexander Seiler
  • Raymond Evéquoz
  • Victor Petrig
Valais 47 2 Conservative People's Party 1 Jules Tissières
Free Democratic Party 1 Eugène de Lavallaz
Neuchâtel 48 7 Free Democratic Party 3
  • Paul-Ernest Mosimann
  • Auguste Leuba
  • Henri Calame
Liberal Party 2
  • Eugène Bonhôte
  • Otto de Dardel
Social Democratic Party 2
  • Charles Naine
  • Ernest-Paul Graber
Geneva 49 8 Liberal Party 3
  • Horace Micheli
  • Albert-Édouard Maunoir
  • Frédéric-Jules de Rabours
Free Democratic Party 3
  • Henri Fazy
  • Marc-Ernest Peter
  • Jean-Marc Rochaix
Social Democratic Party 1 Jean Sigg
Conservative People's Party 1 Firmin Ody
Source: Gruner[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elections to the National Council 1848–1917: Distribution of seats by party or political orientation Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine BFS
  2. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1886 ISBN 9783832956097
  3. ^ Thomas T Mackie & Richard Rose (1991) The International Almanac of Electoral History, Macmillan
  4. ^ Gruner, Erich. Die Wahlen in den Schweizerischen Nationalrat 1848–1919. Vol. 3.