This article presents a list of the historical events and publications of Australian literature during 1912.
- Mary Grant Bruce — Timothy in Bushland
- James Francis Dwyer — The White Waterfall
- May Gibbs — About Us
- Gertrude Hart — The Dream Girl
- Fergus Hume
- The Mystery Queen
- A Son of Perdition: An Occult Romance
- Dorothea Mackellar & Ruth M. Bedford — The Little Blue Devil
- Ambrose Pratt — A Daughter of the Bush
- Steele Rudd — The Old Homestead
- Lindsay Russell — Smouldering Fires
- Patricia Lindsay Russell — Love Letters of a Priest
- Thomas Edward Spencer — Bindawalla: An Australian Story
- Lilian Turner — Written Down
- Louis Esson — Red Gums and Other Verses
- G. Herbert Gibson — Ironbark Splinters from the Australian Bush
- Adam Lindsay Gordon — The Poems of Adam Lindsay Gordon
- Sydney Jephcott — Penetralia
- Norman Lindsay — Norman Lindsay's Book: No. 1
- Hugh McCrae — "Earth"
- John Shaw Neilson
- "The Lover Sings"
- "The Petticoat Plays"
- Bernard O'Dowd — The Bush
- Charles Henry Souter — Irish Lords and Other Verses
- Ethel Turner — Ports and Happy Havens
A list, ordered by date of birth (and, if the date is either unspecified or repeated, ordered alphabetically by surname) of births in 1912 of Australian literary figures, authors of written works or literature-related individuals follows, including year of death.
- 12 March — Kylie Tennant, novelist (died 1988)
- 28 March — A. Bertram Chandler, science fiction writer (died 1984)
- 2 April — Barbara Giles, poet (died 2006)
- 28 May — Patrick White, novelist (died 1990)
- 12 June — Roland Robinson, poet (died 1992)
- 20 July — George Johnston, novelist (died 1970)
- 16 September — John Jefferson Bray, poet (died 1995)
A list, ordered by date of death (and, if the date is either unspecified or repeated, ordered alphabetically by surname) of deaths in 1912 of Australian literary figures, authors of written works or literature-related individuals follows, including year of birth.
- 5 April — Robert Dudley Adams, poet (born 1829)
- 13 September — Joseph Furphy, novelist (born 1843)