1912 United States House of Representatives elections

The 1912 United States House of Representatives elections were held, coinciding with the election of President Woodrow Wilson.

1912 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1910 November 5, 1912[a] 1914 →

All 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  ChampClark.jpg James Robert Mann 1909.jpg
Leader Champ Clark James Mann
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since March 4, 1909 March 4, 1911
Leader's seat Missouri 5th Illinois 2nd
Last election 229 seats 162 seats
Seats won 291[1][2] 134[1][2]
Seat change Increase 62 Decrease 28
Popular vote 8,224,857 7,396,644
Percentage 43.27% 38.91%
Swing Decrease 3.42% Decrease 7.62%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Progressive Socialist
Last election 0 seats 1 seat
Seats won 10[1][2][b][c] 0[1][2]
Seat change Increase 10 Decrease 1
Popular vote 1,896,446[d] 1,507,806
Percentage 9.98% 7.93%
Swing New Increase 3.61%

  Fifth party
 
Party Independent
Last election 2 seats [e]
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 2
Popular vote 49,622
Percentage 0.26%
Swing Decrease 0.21%

1912 United States House Map.png
Results:
     Democratic hold      Democratic gain
     Republican hold      Republican gain
     Progressive gain      Independent gain

Speaker before election

Champ Clark
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Champ Clark
Democratic

Wilson's victory was partly due to the division of the opposition Republican Party into conservative and progressive factions. While many progressives stayed within the party framework, they maintained lukewarm relationships with Republican leadership. Others formed a third party known as the Progressives and several switched allegiance to the Democrats. A message of unity was portrayed by the Democrats, allowing this group to present themselves as above the bickering and corruption that had become associated with the Republican internal feud. Many of the new seats that were added after the prior census ended up in Democratic hands. In addition, William Kent, who had been elected to the House as a Republican in 1908, was elected to California's 1st congressional district as an Independent.

The number of representatives was increased for this election to 435, where it currently stands (aside from 1959 when Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as states).

Election summariesEdit

In reapportionment following the 1910 census,[citation needed] 41 new seats were added, bringing the House to its modern size. This would be the last time the size of the House changed, except for a temporary addition of two seats in 1959 after the admission of Alaska and Hawaii and subsequent return to 435 in 1963. In the reapportionment, 1 state lost 1 seat, 22 states had no change in apportionment, 16 states gained 1 seat each, 5 states gained 2 seats each, 2 states gained 3 seats, 1 state gained 4 seats, and 1 state gained 6 seats. Twelve states used at-large seats in addition to districts to elect new seats.

291 10 134
Democratic [f] Republican
Results of the 1912 United States House of Representatives elections
 
Political party Leader MOCs Votes
Contested Total Gained Lost Net Of total (%) Total Of total (%) Change (%)
Democratic Champ Clark 431 291 71 10   61 66.90% 8,210,137 43.29% -
Republican James Mann 370 134 17 46   29 30.80% 7,377,514 38.90% -
Progressive 208 8 0 8   8 1.84% 1,761,545 9.29% -
Socialist 335 0 1 0   1 0% 1,505,576 7.94% -
Prohibition 209 0 0 0   0% 279,036 1.47% -
Washington 13 2 0 2   2 0.46% 130,073 0.69% -
Keystone 8 0 0 0   0% 85,278 0.45% -
Progressive Republican 2 0 0 0   0% 23,078 0.12% -
Independent 25 0 0 0   0% 12,670 0.07% -
Bull Moose 2 0 0 0   0% 10,460 0.06% -
Socialist Labor 21 0 0 0   0% 8,499 0.04% -
Independence 9 0 0 0   0% 7,470 0.04% -
Roosevelt Progressive 1 0 0 0   0% 5,891 0.03% -
National Progressive 2 0 0 0   0% 5,714 0.03% -
Taft for President 1 0 0 0   0% 2,269 0.01% -
Industrialist 1 0 0 0   0% 1,075 0.01% -
Jefferson 1 0 0 0   0% 73 0.00% -
Workingmen's 1 0 0 0   0% 15 0.00% -
Total 435 18,967,165
Popular vote
Democratic
43.29%
Republican
38.90%
Progressive
9.98%
Socialist
7.94%
Others
0.58%
House seats
Democratic
66.90%
Republican
30.80%
Progressive
2.30%
State Type Total seats
(After reapportionment)
Democratic Republican Progressive Independent
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District
+at-large[g]
10   1 10   1 0   0   0  
Arizona At-large 1   1   0   0   0  
Arkansas District 7   7   0   0   0  
California District 11   3 3   2 7   0   1   1
Colorado District
+2 at-large[g]
4   1 4   1 0   0   0  
Connecticut District 5   5   4 0   4 0   0  
Delaware At-large 1   1   1 0   1 0   0  
Florida District
+at-large[g]
4   1 4   1 0   0   0  
Georgia District 12   1 12   1 0   0   0  
Idaho At-large 2   1 0   2   1 0   0  
Illinois District
+2 at-large[g]
27   2 20   9 5   9 2   2 0  
Indiana District 13   13   1 0   1 0   0  
Iowa District 11   3   2 8   2 0   0  
Kansas District 8   5   5 3   5 0   0  
Kentucky District 11   9   2   0   0  
Louisiana District 8   1 8   1 0   0   0  
Maine[h] District 4   1   1 3   1 0   0  
Maryland District 6   6   1 0   1 0   0  
Massachusetts District 16   2 7   3 9   1 0   0  
Michigan District
+at-large[g]
13   1 2   9   1 2   2 0  
Minnesota District
+at-large[g]
10   1 1   9   1 0   0  
Mississippi District 8   8   0   0   0  
Missouri District 16   15   2 1   2 0   0  
Montana At-large 2   1 2   2 0   1 0   0  
Nebraska District 6   3   3   0   0  
Nevada At-large 1   0   1   0   0  
New Hampshire District 2   2   2 0   2 0   0  
New Jersey District 12   2 11   4 1   2 0   0  
New Mexico At-large 1   1 1   0   1 0   0  
New York District 43   6 31   8 11   3 1   1 0  
North Carolina District 10   10   0   0   0  
North Dakota District 3   1 0   3   1 0   0  
Ohio District
+at-large[g]
22   1 19   3 3   2 0   0  
Oklahoma District
+3 at-large[g]
8   3 6   3 2   0   0  
Oregon District 3   1 0   3   1 0   0  
Pennsylvania District
+4 at-large[g]
36   4 12   4 22   2 2   2 0  
Rhode Island District 3   1 2   1 1   0   0  
South Carolina District 7   7   0   0   0  
South Dakota District 3   1 0   3   1 0   0  
Tennessee District 10   8   2   0   0  
Texas District
+2 at-large[g]
18   2 18   2 0   0   0  
Utah At-large 2   1 0   2   1 0   0  
Vermont[h] District 2   0   2   0   0  
Virginia District 10   9   1   0   0  
Washington District
+2 at-large[g]
5   2 0   3   2   2 0  
West Virginia District
+at-large[g]
6   1 2   2 4   3 0   0  
Wisconsin District 11   3   1 8  [i] 0   0  
Wyoming At-large 1   0   1   0   0  
Total 435   41 291
66.9%
  61 134
30.8%
  29 9
2.1%
  9 1
0.2%
  1

Early election datesEdit

Two states, with 6 seats between them, held elections early in 1912:

This was the last year that Vermont held early elections.

Special electionsEdit

There were four special elections in 1912 to the 57th United States Congress.

Special elections are sorted by date then district.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kansas 7 Edmond H. Madison Republican 1906 Incumbent died September 18, 1911.
New member elected January 9, 1912.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y George Neeley (Democratic) 48.63%
  • Frank Martin (Republican) 43.74%
  • N. L. Amos (Socialist) 5.77%
  • Harry R. Ross (Prohibition) 1.85%[3]
Pennsylvania 1 Henry H. Bingham Republican 1878 Incumbent died March 22, 1912.
New member elected May 24, 1912.
Republican hold.
  •  Y William Scott Vare (Republican) 87.76%
  • Henry V. Garrett (Democratic) 11.85%
  • Charles L. Hawley (Prohibition) 0.40%[4]
Iowa 11 Elbert H. Hubbard Republican 1904 Incumbent died June 4, 1912.
New member elected November 5, 1912.
Republican hold.
New York 26 George R. Malby Republican 1906 Incumbent died July 5, 1912.
New member elected November 5, 1912.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Edwin Albert Merritt (Republican) 46.87%
  • Dennis B. Lucey (Democratic) 32.94%
  • John R. Burnham (Progressive) 20.20%[5]

AlabamaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama 1 George W. Taylor Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 2 S. Hubert Dent Jr. Democratic 1908 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 3 Henry De Lamar Clayton Jr. Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 4 Fred L. Blackmon Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Fred L. Blackmon (Democratic) 67.4%
  • Adolphus P. Longshore (Progressive) 26.6%
  • W. H. Sturdivant (Republican) 6.0%
Alabama 5 James Thomas Heflin Democratic 1904 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 6 Richmond P. Hobson Democratic 1906 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 7 John L. Burnett Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John L. Burnett (Democratic) 54.4%
  • Sumter Cogswell (Progressive) 30.4%
  • John J. Stephens (Republican) 15.1%
Alabama 8 William N. Richardson Democratic 1900 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William N. Richardson (Democratic) 88.4%
  • William E. Hotchkiss (Republican) 9.5%
  • W.L. Conner (Socialist) 2.0%
Alabama 9 Oscar Underwood Democratic 1894 (contested)
1896
Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Oscar Underwood (Democratic) 88.7%
  • Frederick B. Parker (Republican) 11.3%
Alabama at-large None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y John Abercrombie (Democratic) 87.8%
  • Asa E. Stratton (Republican) 9.6%
  • J. C. Maxwell (Socialist) 2.5%

ArizonaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Arizona at-large Carl Hayden Democratic 1911 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Carl Hayden (Democratic) 48.37%
  • Robert S. Fisher (Progressive) 24.71%
  • Thomas Edward Campbell (Republican) 13.21%
  • A. Charles Smith (Socialist) 12.89%
  • O. Gibson (Prohibition) 0.82%

ArkansasEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Arkansas 1
Arkansas 2
Arkansas 3
Arkansas 4
Arkansas 5
Arkansas 6
Arkansas 7

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 William Kent
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected as an Independent.
Independent gain.
  •  Y William Kent (Independent) 37.27%
  • I. G. Zumwalt (Democratic) 34.37%
  • Edward H. Hart (Republican) 19.40%
  • Joseph Bredsteen (Socialist) 8.96%
California 2 John E. Raker
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John E. Raker (Democratic) 62.64%
  • Frank M. Rutherford (Republican) 27.17%
  • J. C. Williams (Socialist) 10.19%
California 3 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Charles F. Curry (Republican) 58.85%
  • Gilbert McMillan Ross (Democratic) 28.79%
  • William L. Wilson (Socialist) 12.36%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Julius Kahn (Republican) 56.09%
  • Bert Schlesinger (Democratic) 32.72%
  • Norman W. Pendleton (Socialist) 11.19%
California 5 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y John I. Nolan (Republican) 52.27%
  • Stephen V. Costello (Democratic) 34.69%
  • E. L. Reguin (Socialist) 13.04%
California 6 Joseph R. Knowland
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
California 7 James C. Needham
Redistricted from the 6th district
Republican 1898 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Denver S. Church (Democratic) 44.05%
  • James C. Needham (Republican) 42.65%
  • J. S. Cato (Socialist) 13.30%
California 8 Everis A. Hayes
Redistricted from the 5th district
Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 50.95%
  • James B. Holohan (Democratic) 35.18%
  • Robert Whitaker (Socialist) 13.86%
California 9 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Progressive gain.
  •  Y Charles W. Bell (Progressive) 47.25%
  • Thomas H. Kirk (Democratic) 23.87%
  • Ralph L. Criswell (Socialist) 18.22%
  • George S. Yarnall (Prohibition) 10.66%
California 10 William Stephens
Redistricted from the 7th district
Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected to different party.
Progressive gain.
  •  Y William Stephens (Progressive) 53.45%
  • George Ringo (Democratic) 21.91%
  • Fred C. Wheeler (Socialist) 20.98%
  • Emory D. Martindale (Prohibition) 3.67%
California 11 Sylvester C. Smith
Redistricted from the 8th district
Republican 1904 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Incumbent died before the Congress ended.
  •  Y William Kettner (Democratic) 42.69%
  • Samuel C. Evans (Republican) 36.85%
  • Noble A. Richardson (Socialist) 12.14%
  • Helen M. Stoddard (Prohibition) 8.33%

ColoradoEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Colorado 1 Atterson W. Rucker Democratic 1908 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Colorado 2
Colorado 3
Colorado 4

ConnecticutEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut 1
Connecticut 2
Connecticut 3
Connecticut 4
Connecticut 5

DelawareEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large William H. Heald Republican 1908 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Franklin Brockson (Democratic) 46.16%
  • George Hall (Republican) 34.37%
  • Hiram Burton (National Progressive) 11.29%
  • Louis A. Drexler (Progressive) 5.80%
  • John H. Kelly (Prohibition) 1.23%
  • Edward Norton (Socialist) 1.16%

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Stephen M. Sparkman (Democratic) 78.5%
  • C. C. Allen (Socialist) 12.0%
  • George W. Beall (Republican) 4.9%
  • J. D. Hazzard (Progressive) 3.0%
  • George C. Kelley (Prohibition) 1.6%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank Clark (Democratic) 81.1%
  • J. J. Collins (Socialist) 7.3%
  • John W. Howell (Republican) 6.7%
  • C. E. Speir (Progressive) 4.9%
Florida 3 Dannite H. Mays Democratic 1908 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Emmett Wilson (Democratic) 86.4%
  • W. M. Lamberry (Socialist) 6.3%
  • Thomas F. McGourin (Republican) 4.7%
  • John T. Poder (Progressive) 2.7%
Florida at-large None (District created) New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Claude L'Engle (Democratic) 77.4%
  • A. N. Jackson (Socialist) 8.2%
  • George W. Allen (Republican) 6.6%
  • E. R. Gunby (Progressive) 6.0%
  • Frances P. Coffin (Prohibition) 1.8%

GeorgiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia 1
Georgia 2
Georgia 3
Georgia 4
Georgia 5
Georgia 6
Georgia 7
Georgia 8
Georgia 9
Georgia 10
Georgia 11
Georgia 12

IdahoEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Idaho at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Burton L. French Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Burton L. French (Republican) 27.52%
  •  Y Addison T. Smith (Republican) 22.40%
  • Perry W. Mitchell (Democratic) 15.51%
  • Edward M. Pugmire (Democratic) 15.45%
  • P. Monroe Smock (Progressive) 6.20%
  • G. W. Belloit (Socialist) 5.86%
  • Edward L. Rigg (Socialist) 5.86%
  • John Tucker (Prohibition) 0.61%
  • Jonathan G. Carrick (Prohibition) 0.60%[7]
New seat New member elected.
Republican gain.

IllinoisEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois 1
Illinois 2
Illinois 3
Illinois 4
Illinois 5
Illinois 6
Illinois 7
Illinois 8
Illinois 9
Illinois 10
Illinois 11
Illinois 12
Illinois 13
Illinois 14
Illinois 15
Illinois 16
Illinois 17
Illinois 18
Illinois 19
Illinois 20
Illinois 21
Illinois 22
Illinois 23
Illinois 24
Illinois 25
Illinois At-large
2 seats on a general ticket
New seat New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New seat New member elected.
Democratic gain.

IndianaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana 1
Indiana 2
Indiana 3
Indiana 4
Indiana 5
Indiana 6
Indiana 7
Indiana 8
Indiana 9
Indiana 10
Indiana 11
Indiana 12
Indiana 13

IowaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Iowa 1
Iowa 2
Iowa 3
Iowa 4
Iowa 5
Iowa 6
Iowa 7
Iowa 8
Iowa 9
Iowa 10
Iowa 11

KansasEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kansas 1 Daniel R. Anthony Jr. Republican 1907 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 2 Joseph Taggart Democratic 1911 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 3 Philip P. Campbell Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 4 Fred S. Jackson Republican 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Kansas 5 Rollin R. Rees Republican 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Kansas 6 Isaac D. Young Republican 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Kansas 7 George A. Neeley Democratic 1912 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 8 Victor Murdock Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

KentuckyEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1
Kentucky 2
Kentucky 3
Kentucky 4
Kentucky 5
Kentucky 6
Kentucky 7
Kentucky 8
Kentucky 9
Kentucky 10
Kentucky 11

LouisianaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana 1
Louisiana 2
Louisiana 3
Louisiana 4
Louisiana 5
Louisiana 6
Louisiana 7
Louisiana 8

MaineEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 1
Maine 2
Maine 3
Maine 4

MarylandEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 James Harry Covington Democratic 1908 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y J. Harry Covington (Democratic) 85.2%
  • Robert D. Grier (Progressive) 11.2%
  • Charles M. Elderdice (Prohibition) 3.6%
Maryland 2 J. Frederick C. Talbott Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y J. Frederick C. Talbott (Democratic) 59.9%
  • Laban Sparks (Republican) 37.2%
  • Basil W. Bowman (Prohibition) 1.8%
  • Martin O. Huttman (Socialist) 1.2%
Maryland 3 George Konig Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George Konig (Democratic) 54.7%
  • Charles W. Main (Republican) 39.9%
  • Charles F. Krant (Socialist) 3.5%
  • Edwin B. Fenby (Prohibition) 2.0%
Maryland 4 John Charles Linthicum Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John Charles Linthicum (Democratic) 60.8%
  • Jacob F. Murbach (Republican) 35.9%
  • Charles E. Develin (Socialist) 1.9%
  • Alfred S. Day (Prohibition) 1.3%
Maryland 5 Thomas Parran Republican 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Frank Owens Smith (Democratic) 48.9%
  • Thomas Parran (Republican) 45.5%
  • Mark Jackson (Socialist) 4.2%
  • Holin D. Todd (Prohibition) 1.4%
Maryland 6 David John Lewis Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y David John Lewis (Democratic) 56.0%
  • Charles D. Wagaman (Republican) 38.8%
  • Sylvester L. V. Young (Socialist) 3.6%
  • William L. Purdum (Prohibition) 1.6%

MassachusettsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 George P. Lawrence Republican 1897 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Allen T. Treadway (Republican) 42.8%
  • Richard J. Morrissey (Democratic) 40.0%
  • Samuel P. Blagden (Progressive) 12.9%
  • Edward A. Buckland (Socialist) 4.3%
Massachusetts 2 Frederick H. Gillett Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 3 William Wilder Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William Wilder (Republican) 45.0%
  • M. Fred O'Connell (Democratic) 33.8%
  • Stephen M. Marshall (Progressive) 18.4%
  • Leon B. Stoddard (Socialist) 2.8%
Massachusetts 4 John A. Thayer Democratic 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Massachusetts 5 Butler Ames Republican 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Massachusetts 6 Augustus Peabody Gardner Republican 1902 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Augustus Peabody Gardner (Republican) 49.8%
  • George A. Schofield (Democratic) 28.6%
  • Arthur L. Nason (Progressive) 21.6%
Massachusetts 7 New district New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Massachusetts 8 Samuel W. McCall Republican 1892 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Massachusetts 9 Ernest W. Roberts Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Ernest W. Roberts (Republican) 45.1%
  • Henry C. Rowland (Democratic) 28.1%
  • John Herbert (Progressive) 23.7%
  • Squire E. Putney (Socialist) 3.1%
Massachusetts 10 William Francis Murray Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William F. Murray (Democratic) 64.0%
  • Daniel T. Callahan (Progressive) 19.7%
  • Loyal L. Jenkins (Republican) 12.9%
  • Warren A. Carpenter (Socialist) 3.4%
Massachusetts 11 Andrew James Peters Democratic 1906 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Andrew James Peters (Democratic) 64.0%
  • Sherwin L. Cook (Republican) 31.5%
  • Charles F. Claus (Socialist) 4.5%
Massachusetts 12 James Michael Curley Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 13 John W. Weeks Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 14 Robert O. Harris Republican 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Massachusetts 15 William S. Greene Republican 1898 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 16 New district. New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Thomas Chandler Thacher (Democratic) 40.2%
  • William L. Bullock (Republican) 31.5%
  • Thomas Thompson (Progressive) 25.1%
  • Joseph Palme (Socialist) 3.2%

MichiganEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Michigan 1 Frank E. Doremus Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank E. Doremus (Democratic) 38.33%
  • James H. Pound (Progressive) 28.53%
  • Ezra P. Beechler (Republican) 28.33%
  • Milam F. Martin (Socialist) 4.11%[8]
Michigan 2 William Wedemeyer Republican 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Michigan 3 John M. C. Smith Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John M. C. Smith (Republican) 32.65%
  • Claude S. Carney (Democratic) 32.37%
  • Edward N. Dingley (Progressive) 28.85%
  • Levant L. Rogers (Socialist) 6.14%[10]
Michigan 4 Edward L. Hamilton Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Edward L. Hamilton (Republican) 34.16%
  • Albert E. Beebe (Democratic) 33.23%
  • George M. Valentine (Progressive) 29.37%
  • H. L. Gifford (Socialist) 3.24%[11]
Michigan 5 Edwin F. Sweet Democratic 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Carl E. Mapes (Republican) 35.25%
  • Edwin F. Sweet (Democratic) 33.98%
  • Suel A. Sheldon (Progressive) 24.72%
  • Edward A. Kosten (Socialist) 4.64%
  • Amherst B. Cheney (Prohibition) 1.41%[12]
Michigan 6 Samuel W. Smith Republican 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Samuel W. Smith (Republican) 36.46%
  • Alva M. Cummins (Democratic) 31.54%
  • William S. Kellogg (Progressive) 31.10%[13]
Michigan 7 Henry McMorran Republican 1902 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Louis C. Cramton (Republican) 36.96%
  • Loren A. Sherman (Progressive) 30.84%
  • John J. Bell (Democratic) 29.39%
  • Henry C. Kaumeier (Socialist) 1.67%
  • George E. Ackerman (Prohibition) 1.15%[14]
Michigan 8 Joseph W. Fordney Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph W. Fordney (Republican) 34.36%
  • Albert L. Chandler (Progressive) 30.14%
  • Miles J. Purcell (Democratic) 29.97%
  • George L. Seiferlein (Socialist) 4.05%
  • David S. Woolman (Prohibition) 1.48%[15]
Michigan 9 James C. McLaughlin Republican 1906 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James C. McLaughlin (Republican) 39.10%
  • William H. Sears (Progressive) 34.70%
  • Herman R. O'Connor (Democratic) 26.21%[16]
Michigan 10 George A. Loud Republican 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Progressive gain.
Michigan 11 Francis H. Dodds Republican 1908 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Francis O. Lindquist (Republican) 48.24%
  • Archie McCall (Democratic) 23.40%
  • John W. Patchin (Progressive) 23.07%
  • Harry N. McLean (Socialist) 3.68%
  • George A. Chatterton (Prohibition) 1.61%[18]
Michigan 12 H. Olin Young Republican 1902 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Progressive gain.

MinnesotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Minnesota 1
Minnesota 2
Minnesota 3
Minnesota 4
Minnesota 5
Minnesota 6
Minnesota 7
Minnesota 8
Minnesota 9
Minnesota 10

MississippiEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 Ezekiel S. Candler Jr. Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 Hubert D. Stephens Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 Benjamin G. Humphreys II Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 Thomas U. Sisson Democratic 1908 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 5 Samuel A. Witherspoon Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 6 Pat Harrison Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 7 William A. Dickson Democratic 1908 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 8 James Collier Democratic 1908 Incumbent re-elected.

MissouriEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri 1
Missouri 2
Missouri 3
Missouri 4
Missouri 5
Missouri 6
Missouri 7
Missouri 8
Missouri 9
Missouri 10
Missouri 11
Missouri 12
Missouri 13
Missouri 14
Missouri 15
Missouri 16

MontanaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Montana at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Charles N. Pray Republican 1906 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Tom Stout (Democratic) 17.75%
  •  Y John M. Evans (Democratic) 16.80%
  • Charles N. Pray (Republican) 16.12%
  • William Allen (Republican) 13.46%
  • Thomas M. Everett (Progressive) 11.41%
  • George A. Horkan (Progressive) 10.52%
  • Henri Labeau (Socialist) 7.04%
  • J. Frank Mabie (Socialist) 6.90%[28]
New seat New member elected.
Democratic gain.

NebraskaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nebraska 1 John A. Maguire Democratic 1908 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John A. Maguire (Democratic) 50.52%
  • Paul F. Clark (Republican) 45.57%
  • C. R. Oyler (Socialist) 2.52%
  • N. A. Carraker (Prohibition) 1.40%[29]
Nebraska 2 Charles O. Lobeck Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Charles O. Lobeck (Democratic) 47.44%
  • Howard H. Baldrige (Republican) 46.22%
  • J. N. Carter (Socialist) 6.33%[30]
Nebraska 3 Dan V. Stephens Democratic 1911 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Dan V. Stephens (Democratic) 53.14%
  • Joseph C. Cook (Republican) 43.92%
  • N. H. Nye (Socialist) 1.85%
  • Henry F. Hockenberger (Prohibition) 1.09%[31]
Nebraska 4 Charles H. Sloan Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Charles H. Sloan (Republican) 52.98%
  • Charles M. Skiles (Democratic) 43.44%
  • E. E. Olmstead (Socialist) 2.26%
  • L. A. White (Prohibition) 1.32%[32]
Nebraska 5 George W. Norris Republican 1902 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Nebraska 6 Moses Kinkaid Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Moses Kinkaid (Republican) 47.51%
  • William J. Taylor (Democratic) 35.54%
  • Florence Armstrong (Prohibition) 9.59%
  • Fred J. Warren (Socialist) 7.21%
  • Lucien Stebbins (Progressive) 0.16%[34]

NevadaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nevada at-large

New HampshireEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire 1 Cyrus A. Sulloway Republican 1894 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New Hampshire 2 Frank D. Currier Republican 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

New JerseyEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey 1
New Jersey 2
New Jersey 3
New Jersey 4
New Jersey 5
New Jersey 6
New Jersey 7
New Jersey 8
New Jersey 9
New Jersey 10
New Jersey 11
New Jersey 12

New MexicoEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Mexico at-large Harvey B. Fergusson Democratic 1911 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Harvey B. Fergusson (Democratic) 45.6%
  • Nathan Jaffa (Republican) 36.9%
  • Andrew J. Eggum (Socialist) 12.1%
  • Marcos DeBaca (Progressive) 5.5%
George Curry Republican 1911 Incumbent retired.
Seat eliminated in reapportionment.
Republican loss.

New YorkEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1
New York 2
New York 3
New York 4
New York 5
New York 6
New York 7
New York 8
New York 9
New York 10
New York 11
New York 12
New York 13
New York 14
New York 15
New York 16
New York 17
New York 18
New York 19
New York 20
New York 21
New York 22
New York 23
New York 24
New York 25
New York 26
New York 27
New York 28
New York 29
New York 30
New York 31
New York 32
New York 33
New York 34
New York 35
New York 36
New York 37
New York 38
New York 39
New York 40
New York 41
New York 42
New York 43

North CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1
North Carolina 2
North Carolina 3
North Carolina 4
North Carolina 5
North Carolina 6
North Carolina 7
North Carolina 8
North Carolina 9
North Carolina 10

North DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Dakota 1 Henry T. Helgesen
Redistricted from the at-large district.
Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Henry T. Helgesen (Republican) 61.11%
  • Verner E. Lovell (Democratic) 34.23%
  • Leon Durocher (Socialist) 4.67%[37]
North Dakota 2 None (new district) New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y George M. Young (Republican) 64.40%
  • J. A. Minckler (Democratic) 28.28%
  • John A. Yoder (Socialist) 7.32%[38]
North Dakota 3 New member elected.
Republican gain.

OhioEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio 1
Ohio 2
Ohio 3
Ohio 4
Ohio 5
Ohio 6
Ohio 7
Ohio 8
Ohio 9
Ohio 10
Ohio 11
Ohio 12
Ohio 13
Ohio 14
Ohio 15
Ohio 16
Ohio 17
Ohio 18
Ohio 19
Ohio 20
Ohio 21
Ohio 22

OklahomaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oklahoma 1
Oklahoma 2
Oklahoma 3
Oklahoma 4
Oklahoma 5
Oklahoma 6
Oklahoma 7
Oklahoma 8

OregonEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oregon 1 Willis C. Hawley Republican 1906 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Willis C. Hawley (Republican) 43.06%
  • R. G. Smith (Democratic) 24.64%
  • John W. Campbell (Progressive) 13.88%
  • W. S. Richards (Socialist) 11.48%
  • O. A. Stillman (Prohibition) 6.93%[40]
Oregon 2 None
Incumbent redistricted
Incumbent redistricted to the 3rd district.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Nicholas J. Sinnott (Republican) 53.47%
  • James H. Graham (Democratic) 29.43%
  • C. H. Abercrombie (Socialist) 10.74%
  • George L. Cleaver (Prohibition) 6.37%[41]
Oregon 3 Walter Lafferty Republican 1910 Incumbent redistricted from the 2nd district.
Incumbent re-elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Walter Lafferty (Republican) 42.92%
  • M. G. Munly (Democratic) 29.55%
  • Thomas McCusker (Independent) 16.06%
  • Lee Campbell (Socialist) 7.84%
  • LeGrand M. Baldwin (Prohibition) 3.63%[42]

PennsylvaniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Pennsylvania 1
Pennsylvania 2
Pennsylvania 3
Pennsylvania 4
Pennsylvania 5
Pennsylvania 6
Pennsylvania 7
Pennsylvania 8
Pennsylvania 9
Pennsylvania 10
Pennsylvania 11
Pennsylvania 12
Pennsylvania 13
Pennsylvania 14
Pennsylvania 15
Pennsylvania 16
Pennsylvania 17
Pennsylvania 18
Pennsylvania 19
Pennsylvania 20
Pennsylvania 21
Pennsylvania 22
Pennsylvania 23
Pennsylvania 24
Pennsylvania 25
Pennsylvania 26
Pennsylvania 27
Pennsylvania 28
Pennsylvania 29
Pennsylvania 30
Pennsylvania 31
Pennsylvania 32
Pennsylvania at-large

Rhode IslandEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island 1
Rhode Island 2
Rhode Island 3

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George Swinton Legaré (Democratic) 97.2%
  • Aaron P. Prioleau (Republican) 1.8%
  • William Eberhard (Socialist) 1.0%
South Carolina 2 James F. Byrnes Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 7 J. William Stokes Democratic 1894 Incumbent died July 6, 1901.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term.

South DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Dakota 1 None (new district) New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Charles H. Dillon (Republican) 55.77%
  • Robert E. Dowdell (Democratic) 39.48%
  • C. V. Templeton (Prohibition) 2.57%
  • E. M. Jacobsen (Socialist) 2.18%[43]
South Dakota 2 Charles H. Burke
Redistricted from the at-large district
Republican 1908 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Charles H. Burke (Republican) 57.64%
  • C. Boyd Barrett (Democratic) 35.53%
  • E. Francis Atwood (Socialist) 3.91%
  • W. J. Edgar (Prohibition) 2.92%[44]
South Dakota 3 Eben Martin
Redistricted from the at-large district
Republican 1908 Incumbent re-elected.

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Sam R. Sells Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Richard W. Austin Republican 1908 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Richard W. Austin (Republican) 47.62%
  • W. H. Buttram (Progressive Republican) 26.32%
  • J. C. Williams (Democratic) 25.03%
  • R. E. Miller (Socialist) 1.03%[47]
Tennessee 3 John A. Moon Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John A. Moon (Democratic) 67.36%
  • C. S. Stewart (Republican) 23.56%
  • J. W. Eastman (Progressive) 8.01%
  • Daniel Shirley (Socialist) 1.07%[48]
Tennessee 4 Cordell Hull Democratic 1906 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Cordell Hull (Democratic) 64.92%
  • I. J. Human (Republican) 34.84%
  • John H. Compton (Socialist) 0.24%[49]
Tennessee 5 William C. Houston Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William C. Houston (Democratic) 54.28%
  • J. C. Beasley (Democratic) 37.99%
  • Doak Aydelott (Democratic) 7.59%
  • N. Bartlett (Socialist) 0.14%[50]
Tennessee 6 Jo Byrns Democratic 1908 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Jo Byrns (Democratic) 82.03%
  • J. A. Althauser (Republican) 15.30%
  • L. A. Wiles (Socialist) 2.66%[51]
Tennessee 7 Lemuel P. Padgett Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 Thetus W. Sims Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Thetus W. Sims (Democratic) 54.15%
  • J. W. Ross (Republican) 36.39%
  • C. Grissam (Progressive) 8.77%
  • B. W. Parker (Socialist) 0.69%[53]
Tennessee 9 Finis J. Garrett Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Finis J. Garrett (Democratic) 79.02%
  • B. C. Cochran (Republican) 20.65%
  • D. E. McNeil (Socialist) 0.33%[54]
Tennessee 10 Kenneth McKellar Democratic 1911 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

TexasEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Texas 1
Texas 2
Texas 3
Texas 4
Texas 5
Texas 6
Texas 7
Texas 8
Texas 9
Texas 10
Texas 11
Texas 12
Texas 13
Texas 14
Texas 15
Texas 16
Texas 17
Texas 18

UtahEdit

The Utah election consisted of an all-party general ticket election to the two at-large seats. Howell was elected to the first at-large seat, while Johnson was elected to the second at-large seat, but they were nevertheless placed in districts.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Utah 1
New district
Joseph Howell
Redistricted from the at-large seat
Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph Howell (Republican) 19.45%
  •  Y Jacob Johnson (Republican) 18.96%
  • Mathonihah Thomas (Democratic) 16.77%
  • Tollman D. Johnson (Democratic) 16.52%
  • S.H. Love (Progressive) 10.08%
  • Lewis Larson (Progressive) 9.89%
  • Murray E. King (Socialist) 4.05%
  • William M. Knerr (Socialist) 4.04%
  • Elias Anderson (Socialist Labor) 0.23%[56]
Utah 2
New district
New seat New member elected.
Republican gain.

VermontEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1
Vermont 2

VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 William Atkinson Jones Democratic 1890 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 2 Edward Everett Holland Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 3 John Lamb Democratic 1896 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Virginia 4 Robert Turnbull Democratic 1910 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Virginia 5 Edward W. Saunders Democratic 1906 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 Carter Glass Democratic 1902 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 James Hay Democratic 1896 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8 Charles Creighton Carlin Democratic 1907 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 9 C. Bascom Slemp Republican 1907 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 Henry D. Flood Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.

WashingtonEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Washington 1 William E. Humphrey Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William E. Humphrey (Republican) 30.98%
  • Daniel Landon (Progressive) 30.38%
  • Charles G. Heifner (Democratic) 23.71%
  • Joseph Gilbert (Socialist) 14.93%
Washington 2 Stanton Warburton Republican 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Washington 3 William La Follette Republican 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
New seat New seat.
New member elected.
Progressive gain.
New seat New seat.
New member elected.
Progressive gain.

West VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 John W. Davis Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John W. Davis (Democratic) 44.97%
  • George A. Laughlin (Republican) 44.67%
  • Mathew S. Holt (Socialist) 7.68%
  • L. E. Peters (Prohibition) 2.69%[58]
West Virginia 2 William Gay Brown Jr. Democratic 1910 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 3 Adam Brown Littlepage Democratic 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
West Virginia 4 John M. Hamilton Democratic 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
West Virginia 5 James A. Hughes Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James A. Hughes (Republican) 51.92%
  • James F. Beaver (Democratic) 43.41%
  • G. W. Gillespie (Socialist) 3.87%
  • B. H. White (Prohibition) 0.81%[62]
West Virginia at-large New seat New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Howard Sutherland (Republican) 49.73%
  • Ben H. Hiner (Democratic) 42.93%
  • William A. Peter (Socialist) 5.73%
  • Squire Halstead (Prohibition) 1.62%[63]

WisconsinEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Wisconsin 1
Wisconsin 2
Wisconsin 3
Wisconsin 4 William J. Cary Republican 1906 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 5 Victor L. Berger Socialist 1910 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Wisconsin 6
Wisconsin 7
Wisconsin 8
Wisconsin 9
Wisconsin 10
Wisconsin 11

WyomingEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Wyoming at-large Frank Wheeler Mondell Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegatesEdit

Alaska TerritoryEdit

Alaska Territory elected its non-voting delegate on August 13, 1912.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alaska Territory at-large James Wickersham Republican 1908 Incumbent re-elected to a different party.
Progressive gain.

Hawaii TerritoryEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Hawaii Territory at-large Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Maine and Vermont held elections early in September 1912.
  2. ^ While William Kent would serve as an Independent once sworn into Congress, he had been elected on the Progressive Ballot Line.
  3. ^ This includes two Congressmen elected on the Washington Ballot Line in Pennsylvania.
  4. ^ This includes votes for those who ran primarily on the Washington Party Ballot Line.
  5. ^ Included one Progressive Republican (Theron Akin) and one Independent Democrat (Samuel Tribble)
  6. ^ There were 9 Progressives and 1 Independent
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Additional seat or seats elected at-large due to state not redistricting.
  8. ^ a b Elections held early.
  9. ^ Previous election had 1 Socialist.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Martis, pp. 166–167.
  3. ^ "KS District 7 - Special Election Race - Jan 09, 1912". Our Campaigns. May 4, 2008.
  4. ^ "PA - District 01 - Special Election Race - May 24, 1912". Our Campaigns. October 5, 2008.
  5. ^ "NY District 26 - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1912". Our Campaigns. April 26, 2011.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - CO District 1 Race - Nov 05, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  7. ^ "ID At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  8. ^ "MI - District 01". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  9. ^ "MI - District 02". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  10. ^ "MI - District 03". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  11. ^ "MI - District 04". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  12. ^ "MI - District 05". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  13. ^ "MI - District 06". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  14. ^ "MI - District 07". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  15. ^ "MI - District 08". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  16. ^ "MI - District 09". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  17. ^ "MI - District 10". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  18. ^ "MI - District 11". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  19. ^ "MI - District 12". Our Campaigns. April 8, 2021.
  20. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  21. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  22. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  23. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  24. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  25. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  26. ^ "MS - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  27. ^ "MS - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  28. ^ "MT At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 5, 2021.
  29. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 01 Race - Nov 5, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  30. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 02 Race - Nov 5, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  31. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 03 Race - Nov 5, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  32. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 04 Race - Nov 5, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  33. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 05 Race - Nov 5, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  34. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 06 Race - Nov 5, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  35. ^ "NH District 1". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  36. ^ "NH District 2". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  37. ^ "ND District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  38. ^ "ND District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  39. ^ "ND District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  40. ^ "OR - District 01 Race - Nov 05, 1912". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  41. ^ "OR - District 02 Race - Nov 05, 1912". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  42. ^ "OR - District 03 Race - Nov 05, 1912". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  43. ^ "SD District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  44. ^ "SD District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  45. ^ "SD District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  46. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  47. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  48. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  49. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  50. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  51. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  52. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  53. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  54. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  55. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  56. ^ "Our Campaigns - UT At-Large Race - Nov 05, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  57. ^ "Our Campaigns - WA At-Large Race - Nov 05, 1912". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  58. ^ "WV District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  59. ^ "WV District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  60. ^ "WV District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  61. ^ "WV District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  62. ^ "WV District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  63. ^ "WV At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  64. ^ "WY At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  65. ^ "Our Campaigns - AK Territorial Delegate Race - Aug 13, 1912".
  66. ^ "Our Campaigns - HI Delegate At-Large Race - Nov 05, 1912".

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit