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1912 Russian legislative election

Parliamentary elections were held in the Russian Empire in September 1912 to elect the fourth State Duma.[1]

September 1912 Russian legislative election

← 1907 (Oct) September 1912 1917 →

All 434 seats to the
State Duma of the Russian Empire
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Guchkov.jpg PavelMiliukovMinistroDeExterioresMarzo1917--russiainrevolut00jone.jpg Ivan Efremov.jpeg
Leader Alexander Guchkov Pavel Milyukov Ivan Yefryemov
Party Union of October 17 Constitutional Democratic Party Progressive Party
Seats won 98 59 48
Seat change Decrease56 Increase5 Increase20

  Fourth party Fifth party
  YuliMartov1894.jpg Aladjin.gif
Leader Julius Martov Alexey Aladyin
Party Russian Social Democratic Labour Party Trudoviks
Seats won 14 10
Seat change Decrease5 Decrease3

Chairman before election

Mikhail Rodzianko
Union of October 17

Chairman-designate

Mikhail Rodzianko
Union of October 17

ResultsEdit

Around 51% of those elected were nobles, the highest during the Tsarist era.[1] Both the right- and left-wing increased their representation in the Duma; right-wing candidates won 153 seats and left-wingers 152, whilst the centrists, including the Union of October 17, were reduced to 130 seats.[1]

Party Seats +/–
Nationalists 120 +23
Union of October 17 98 –56
Right-wingers 65 +15
Constitutional Democratic Party 59 +5
Progressist Party 48 +20
Autonomists 21 –5
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party 14 –5
Trudoviks 10 –3
Independents 7 +7
Total 442 +1

AftermathEdit

Following the elections, the Union of October 17 became an opposition party due to its harassment by the government during the election.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Theofanis G. Stavrou (1969) Russia Under the Last Tsar U of Minnesota Press, p108