1912 Russian legislative election

Parliamentary elections were held in the Russian Empire in September 1912 to elect the fourth State Duma.[1]

September 1912 Russian legislative election

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All 437 seats to the
State Duma of the Russian Empire
219 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Guchkov.jpg PavelMiliukovMinistroDeExterioresMarzo1917--russiainrevolut00jone.jpg Ivan Efremov.jpeg
Leader Alexander Guchkov Pavel Milyukov Ivan Yefryemov
Party Union of October 17 Cadet Progressive Party
Seats won 99 57 47
Seat change Decrease49 Increase4 Increase22

  Fourth party Fifth party
  MartovW.jpg Aladjin.gif
Leader Julius Martov Alexey Aladyin
Party Russian Social Democratic Labour Party Trudoviks
Seats won 14 10
Seat change Decrease5 Decrease4

Chairman before election

Mikhail Rodzianko
Union of October 17


Mikhail Rodzianko
Union of October 17


Around 51% of those elected were nobles, the highest during the Tsarist era.[1] Both the right- and left-wing increased their representation in the Duma; right-wing candidates won 153 seats and left-wingers 152, whilst the centrists, including the Union of October 17, were reduced to 130 seats.[1]

Party Seats +/–
Union of October 17 99 –49
Nationalists 88 +5
Right-wingers 64 +8
Constitutional Democratic Party 57 +4
Progressist Party 47 +19
Centrists 33 New
Autonomists 21 –5
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party 14 –5
Trudoviks 10 –4
Independents 4 –3
Total 437 +2
Source: [2]


Following the elections, the Union of October 17 became an opposition party due to its harassment by the government during the election.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Theofanis G. Stavrou (1969) Russia Under the Last Tsar U of Minnesota Press, p108
  2. ^ Walsh, Warren B. (1950). "Political Parties in the Russian Dumas". The Journal of Modern History. 22 (2): 148.