1911 United Kingdom census

The United Kingdom Census 1911 of 2 April 1911 was the 12th nationwide census conducted in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The total population of the United Kingdom was approximately 45,221,000, with 36,070,000 recorded in England and Wales,[1] 4,761,000 in Scotland,[1] and 4,390,000 in Ireland.[2]

Census 1911

← 1901 2 April 1911 1921 →

General information
CountryUnited Kingdom

Geographical scope


The census covered England, Wales, Scotland, the Channel Islands, and ships of the Royal Navy at sea and in ports abroad.[3]

The Census of Ireland, 1911 was carried out on the same day but the records are held separately by the National Archives of Ireland.[2]



The 1911 census was the first to ask about nationality, the duration of current marriage, number of children born within that marriage, number of living children and the number of any children who had died. It was the first to record full details of British Army personnel stationed overseas instead of requiring just a simple headcount.[3]

This census was subject to protests by women seeking the right to vote in the UK,[4] with some suffragettes like Joan Cather refusing to fill in the forms, which were returned with sloganned stickers.[5] Her husband supported her position as he annotated the Census form that he had 'conscientious scruples' as head of household to note any 'female occupants' to avoid the census statistics being used by legislators for 'further vexatious legislation' against women 'in which they have no voice'. He went on to say he would provide the information if the Conciliation Committee Bill passed into law. The Registrar did however note two females as 'the probable number'.[6] Emily Davison hid herself in a cupboard at the Palace of Westminster, becoming, when found, listed on the form as an occupant of the building.[7]

It was also the first census where the forms were completed by the respondents and retained rather than being copied into the enumeration books.[3]

The census forms (schedules) contained an address and schedule number and were divided into sixteen columns:[3]

  • Name and Surname.
  • Relationship to Head of Family.
  • Age (Males).
  • Age (Females).
  • Marital condition.
  • Number of years married (present marriage) - Married women only.
  • Children born to present marriage.
  • Children still living.
  • Children who have died.
  • Occupation.
  • Industry or service with which worker is connected.
  • Employment status.
  • Whether working at home.
  • Birthplace.
  • Nationality - if born in a Foreign Country.
  • Infirmity.

Schedules were also prepared for:

  • Institutions (workhouses, hospitals, hotels, schools, etc.).
  • Shipping (merchant vessels).
  • Military establishments (barracks, training schools, British Army overseas, etc.).
  • Royal Naval vessels (in home ports).

Online access


The census data was published online on a subscription basis in 2009.[3]

See also



  1. ^ a b National Statistics Online Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51. The National Archives of Ireland. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e General Register Office: 1911 Census Schedules. The National Archives. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  4. ^ Liddington, Jill; Crawford, Elizabeth (2014). Vanishing for the vote: suffrage, citizenship and the battle for the census. ISBN 9780719087486. OCLC 861673182.
  5. ^ Archives, The National. "The National Archives - Homepage". The National Archives. Retrieved 2019-11-08.
  6. ^ "January 2014". Woman and her Sphere. Retrieved 2019-11-08.
  7. ^ The Palace of Westminster Official Guide. Houses of Parliament. 2012. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-95620-292-5.
Preceded by UK census
Succeeded by