1911 Republic of China provisional presidential election

The 1911 Republic of China Provisional Presidential and Vice-Presidential Election was the election held on 29 December 1911 during the Xinhai Revolution for the First Provisional President and Vice President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of China. Sun Yat-sen and Li Yuan-hung were elected as President and Vice-President respectively. Sun sworn in at midnight on 1 January 1912 and declared the official establishment of the Republic of China.

1911 Republic of China presidential elections
Flag of China (1912–1928).svg
29 December 1911 1912 →
  Sun Yat Sen portrait 2.jpg Huang xing.jpg Li Yuanhong.jpg
Nominee Sun Yat-sen Huang Hsing Li Yuanhong
Party Tongmenghui Tongmenghui Nonpartisan
Electoral vote 16 1 0
Percentage 94.11% 5.88% 0%

Elected President

Sun Yat-sen

After the outbreak of the Wuchang Uprising on October 10, 1911, a provisional government assembled in Nanjing to elect a leader. From three candidates nominated, Sun Yat-sen, Huang Xing and Li Yuanhong, Sun received 16 votes to win the election. Above, the official results of the election announcing Sun's election on November 10, 1911.

One vote was given to each of the seventeen provinces presented in the assembly including Zhili, Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, and Anhui.

Vote summaryEdit

Presidential electionEdit

Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Tongmenghui Sun Yat-sen 16 94.11%
Tongmenghui Huang Hsing 1 5.88%
Nonpartisan Li Yuanhong 0 0%
Total 17 100.00%

Vice-Presidential electionEdit

Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Nonpartisan Li Yuanhong 17 100%
Tongmenghui Huang Hsing 0 0%
Total 17 100.00%

See alsoEdit


  • 中央選舉委員會,中華民國選舉史,台北:中央選舉委員會印行,1987年