1904 United States presidential election in Idaho

The 1904 United States presidential election in Idaho took place on November 8, 1904. All contemporary 45 states were part of the 1904 United States presidential election. State voters chose three electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

1904 United States presidential election in Idaho

← 1900 November 8, 1904 1908 →
  President Roosevelt - Pach Bros.tif AltonBParker.png Debs-Eugene-circa1904.jpg
Nominee Theodore Roosevelt Alton B. Parker Eugene V. Debs
Party Republican Democratic Socialist
Home state New York New York Indiana
Running mate Charles W. Fairbanks Henry G. Davis Benjamin Hanford
Electoral vote 3 0 0
Popular vote 47,783 18,480 4,949
Percentage 65.84% 25.46% 6.82%

Idaho Presidential Election Results 1904.svg
County Results
Roosevelt
  50-60%
  60-70%
  70-80%


President before election

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican

Elected President

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican

Although the Republican Party had not carried Idaho in any of the state’s three previous presidential elections, at state level the Gem State had begun in 1902 to be very much a one-party Republican state,[1] which it has largely remained since apart from the New Deal era of the 1930s and 1940s. Moreover, Democratic nominee Alton Brooks Parker’s defense of the Gold Standard, which harked back to Grover Cleveland, aroused no enthusiasm in Idaho.[2] Nor did his opposition to Roosevelt’s policy of imperialism in the Pacific,[3] whilst Roosevelt’s strong efforts to regulate big businesses were extremely popular in the remote Northwest.[4] Parker was also affected by the perception that the Bryan Democrats had failed severely as a party of reform.[5]

As a result, Roosevelt was able to achieve the first-ever Republican victory in Idaho by an overwhelming margin – 40.38 percentage points – in the process emulating William Jennings Bryan’s 1896 sweep of all Idaho’s counties.

ResultsEdit

1904 United States presidential election in Idaho[6]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Theodore Roosevelt 47,783 65.84% 3
Democratic Alton B. Parker 18,480 25.46% 0
Social Democratic Eugene Debs 4,949 6.82% 0
Prohibition Silas C. Swallow 1,013 1.40% 0
Populist Thomas E. Watson 353 0.49% 0
Totals 72,578 100.00% 3
Voter turnout

Results by countyEdit

County Theodore Roosevelt
Republican
Alton Brooks Parker
Democratic
Eugene Victor Debs[7]
Socialist
Silas Comfort Swallow[7]
Prohibition
Thomas Edward Watson[7]
Populist
Margin Total votes cast[8]
# % # % # % # % # % # %
Ada 4,536 69.52% 1,466 22.47% 318 4.87% 164 2.51% 41 0.63% 3,070 47.05% 6,525
Bannock 2,826 68.58% 1,063 25.79% 227 5.51% 3 0.07% 2 0.05% 1,763 42.78% 4,121
Bear Lake 1,538 66.26% 769 33.13% 11 0.47% 3 0.13% 0 0.00% 769 33.13% 2,321
Bingham 3,186 71.18% 890 19.88% 365 8.15% 22 0.49% 13 0.29% 2,296 51.30% 4,476
Blaine 1,225 56.37% 775 35.66% 140 6.44% 11 0.51% 22 1.01% 450 20.71% 2,173
Boise 1,053 56.31% 639 34.17% 125 6.68% 35 1.87% 18 0.96% 414 22.14% 1,870
Canyon 3,172 66.55% 1,025 21.51% 316 6.63% 190 3.99% 63 1.32% 2,147 45.05% 4,766
Cassia 1,105 72.51% 346 22.70% 59 3.87% 5 0.33% 9 0.59% 759 49.80% 1,524
Custer 496 51.29% 429 44.36% 33 3.41% 6 0.62% 3 0.31% 67 6.93% 967
Elmore 593 53.09% 433 38.76% 68 6.09% 17 1.52% 6 0.54% 160 14.32% 1,117
Fremont 3,869 70.56% 1,278 23.31% 313 5.71% 11 0.20% 12 0.22% 2,591 47.26% 5,483
Idaho 2,731 61.12% 1,381 30.91% 304 6.80% 33 0.74% 19 0.43% 1,350 30.21% 4,468
Kootenai 4,165 67.55% 1,178 19.10% 664 10.77% 132 2.14% 27 0.44% 2,987 48.44% 6,166
Latah 3,276 70.19% 940 20.14% 283 6.06% 138 2.96% 30 0.64% 2,336 50.05% 4,667
Lemhi 786 55.43% 564 39.77% 28 1.97% 6 0.42% 34 2.40% 222 15.66% 1,418
Lincoln 688 68.19% 262 25.97% 50 4.96% 9 0.89% 0 0.00% 426 42.22% 1,009
Nez Perce 3,956 62.98% 1,696 27.00% 448 7.13% 160 2.55% 21 0.33% 2,260 35.98% 6,281
Oneida 2,339 70.45% 906 27.29% 75 2.26% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,433 43.16% 3,320
Owyhee 663 54.98% 393 32.59% 118 9.78% 9 0.75% 23 1.91% 270 22.39% 1,206
Shoshone 3,695 66.12% 1,116 19.97% 748 13.39% 23 0.41% 6 0.11% 2,579 46.15% 5,588
Washington 1,894 60.71% 931 29.84% 256 8.21% 36 1.15% 3 0.10% 963 30.87% 3,120
Totals 47,792 65.84% 18,480 25.46% 4,949 6.82% 1,013 1.40% 352 0.48% 29,312 40.38% 72,586

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Burnham, Walter Dean; ‘The System of 1896’, in Kleppner, Paul (editor), The Evolution of American Electoral Systems, pp. 176-179 ISBN 0313213798
  2. ^ Archer, Clark; Martis, Kenneth C. and Shelley, Fred M.; Historical Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections 1788-2004, p. 99 ISBN 1568029551
  3. ^ Warren, Kenneth F.; Encyclopedia of U.S. campaigns, elections, and electoral behavior: A-M, p. 609 ISBN 1412954894
  4. ^ Murray, Keith; ‘Issues and Personalities of Pacific Northwest Politics, 1889-1950’; The Pacific Northwest Quarterly, vol. 41, No. 3 (July 1950), pp. 213-233
  5. ^ Robinson, Edgar Eugene; ‘The Decline of the Democratic Party’; American Journal of Sociology, vol. 20, no. 3 (November 1914), pp. 313-334
  6. ^ Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas; Presidential General Election Results – Idaho
  7. ^ a b c Géoelections; Popular Vote for Eugene V. Debs (1904) (.xlsx file for €15)
  8. ^ Robinson, Edgar Eugene; The Presidential Vote 1896-1932, pp. 174-177 ISBN 9780804716963

NotesEdit