1900 Amur anti-Chinese Pogroms
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The 1900 Amur anti-Chinese Pogroms were a series of killings and reprisals of Chinese residents of Blagoveshchensk and in the Sixty-Four Villages East of the River in the Amur region during the same time as the spread of the Boxer Rebellion throughout China by Russian authorities, ultimately resulting in thousands of civilian Chinese deaths, the loss of residency four Chinese living in the Sixty-Four Villages East of the River, and increased Russian control over the region. The Russian justification for the pogroms were attacks made on Russian infrastructure outside Blagoveshchensk by Chinese Boxers, which was then responded to by Russian force. The pogroms themselves occurred between 4–8 July (Old Style, O.S.; 17-21, New Style or N.S.), 1900.
|1900 Amur anti-Chinese Pogroms|
Gengzi Russian Disaster
|Part of Siege of the International Legations|
In the Blagoveshchensk massacres, a Chinese civilian was tied for execution.
|Commanders and leaders|
Nicholas II of Russia|
Гродеков, Никола́й Ива́нович Гроде́ков
|More than 26 thousands soldiers, Cossacks||Unknown|
|Casualties and losses|
|Unknown||198 officials died|
The name for the killings and reprisals that occurred in Amur is not standardized, and has been referred to by different names over time. The most common Chinese name for the pogroms is the Gengzi Russian Disaster (simplified Chinese: 庚子俄难; traditional Chinese: 庚子俄難; pinyin: Gēngzǐ é nán), but the two most major events in Blagoveshchensk and the Sixty-Four Villages East of the River are referred to as the Blagoveshchensk Massacre (simplified Chinese: 海兰泡惨案; traditional Chinese: 海蘭泡慘案; pinyin: Hǎilánpào cǎn'àn) and the Sixty-Four Villages East of the River Massacre (simplified Chinese: 江东六十四屯惨案; traditional Chinese: 江東六十四屯慘案; pinyin: Jiāngdōng liùshísì tún cǎn'àn) respectively.
The Russian name of the pogroms in Blagoveshchensk is referred to as the Chinese Pogrom in Blagoveshchensk (Russian: Китайский погром в Благовещенске), while the killings and reprisals that took place in the Sixty-Four Villages East of the River are referred to as the Battle on the Amur (Russian: Бои на Амуре).
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Sixty-Four Villages East of the RiverEdit
Lieutenant-General Konstantin Nikolaevich Gribskiy ordered the expulsion of all Qing subjects who remained north of the river. This included the residents of the villages, and Chinese traders and workers who lived in Blagoveshchensk proper, where they numbered anywhere between one-sixth and one-half of the local population of 30,000. They were taken by the local police and driven into the river to be drowned. Those who could swim were shot by the Russian forces.
- 孙蓉图; 徐希廉 (1974). 《瑷珲县志》 (in Chinese). Taipei: Cheng Wen Publishing Co., Ltd. pp. Page 209–210.
- Gao, Yongsheng; Li, Lingbao (March 2004). ""庚子俄难"时限的再界定与思考" [Redefinition and Reflection on the Dates of the "Gengzi Russian Disaster"]. History of Heilongjiang (in Chinese). Xunke Country Local Records Office: 35–36 – via Ai Xueshu.
- ""Боксерское" восстание в Китае в 1898 - 1901" ["Boxing" Uprising in China 1898-1901]. www.hrono.ru (in Russian). January 2000. Retrieved 2019-12-21.
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