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18 is the sixth studio album by American electronica musician, songwriter, and producer Moby. It was released on May 13, 2002 by Mute Records in the UK and on May 14, 2002 by V2 Records in the US. After the unexpected commercial and critical success of his previous album, Play (1999), Moby started to write songs for a follow-up during its supporting tour. He started work on the album at its conclusion in December 2000, using less samples than before. Guest vocalists include Azure Ray, MC Lyte, Angie Stone, and Sinéad O'Connor.

18
Moby18album.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedMay 13, 2002 (2002-05-13)
Recorded2000–2002
StudioMoby's home studio on Mott Street, Manhattan, New York City
Genre
Length71:24
Label
ProducerMoby
Moby chronology
Play: The B Sides
(2000)
18
(2002)
18 B Sides + DVD
(2003)
Singles from 18
  1. "We Are All Made of Stars"
    Released: April 29, 2002 (2002-04-29)
  2. "Extreme Ways"
    Released: July 19, 2002 (2002-07-19)
  3. "In This World"
    Released: November 4, 2002 (2002-11-04)
  4. "Sunday (The Day Before My Birthday)"
    Released: February 24, 2003 (2003-02-24)
  5. "In My Heart"
    Released: 2003 (2003)
  6. "Jam for the Ladies"
    Released: July 21, 2003 (2003-07-21)

Following its release 18 went to number one in 12 countries, including the UK, and reached number 4 in the US. The album went on to sell over 4 million copies worldwide.[1] 18 B Sides + DVD, a collection of the album's B-sides and live video footage, was released a year later.

Contents

BackgroundEdit

In December 2000, Moby finished his world tour in support of his previous studio album, Play (1999), which had lasted for 21 consecutive months.[2] He wanted to start on a follow-up as soon as it was over, by which time he had already recorded ideas for some new songs. This process was under way in the spring of 2001, with Moby using a Power Macintosh G3 and G4 to write and record with Pro Tools.[3] He felt no pressure in delivering an album that matched the commercial success of Play, but an "artistic pressure" to make a record that he and others could enjoy.[4]

Prior to starting on 18, Moby had friends in New York City, Los Angeles, and London search through local record shops for albums that contained strong vocals that he could use to sample from and write songs based on them, a technique he had used for Play. He received several hundred and from them, clipped vocal lines, often two or three words long, that caught his interest. From there, he played different chords on his piano that suited the part to build an outline for a song. He then stored the records in his cabinets.[5][3] Moby composed the album in batches, transferring songs onto a CD and sending them to his management and the A&R representative at V2 with labels such as "Moby Ideas 2, August 2001" or "Moby Demos 3". After 10 months Moby had sent 35 discs comprising over 140 songs, which promoted ideas of making 18 a triple album, but his friends and management advised against it.[3] There were arguments between Moby and V2 over the use of vocal samples on 18, and V2 believed that a follow-up album that sounded like Play was going to attract criticism.[3]

Moby named the album after the number of tracks that he put on it, and his fondness towards the idea of the title being easily translated and known as something different in other countries. He pointed out that there are some "really esoteric reasons" for the title, but did not mention them. On his website, Moby hinted that those who had visited Israel and are familiar with conspiracy theories regarding extra-terrestrials may spot its significance.[4][6] He said that Play and 18 were structured around the same motivation: "The desire to make compassionate records that meet a need in someone else's life."[7]

By the time of the September 11 attacks in New York City, the album was almost recorded and finished. Following the incident, Moby made alterations to "Sleep Alone" as he found some of its lyrics "too prescient"; the line "Pieces of fire touch your hair" became "Pieces of light".[7] Moby had written "Harbour" in 1984, at nineteen years of age; Sinead O'Connor was surprised upon learning this, as she initially thought the song related to pre- and post-September 11 events. O'Connor was too afraid to fly to New York City to record her vocals at the time, so she used a studio in London.[7]

Prior to the album's release, V2 Records avoided to send advance copies to soundtrack supervisors. As Play had gained momentum after it was licensed to television and film productions, the label did not rule out the possibility of licensing tracks from 18 but wanted to hold out from doing so until the official launch.[3]

Critical receptionEdit

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
Metacritic61/100[8]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [9]
Blender     [10]
Entertainment WeeklyA−[11]
The Guardian     [12]
NME4/10[13]
Pitchfork2.6/10[14]
Q     [15]
Rolling Stone     [16]
Uncut     [17]
USA Today    [18]

At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, 18 received an average score of 61, based on 21 reviews.[8]

Track listingEdit

All tracks written by Moby, except where noted.

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."We Are All Made of Stars" 4:32
2."In This World" 4:02
3."In My Heart" 4:36
4."Great Escape"2:09
5."Signs of Love" 4:25
6."One of These Mornings" 3:12
7."Another Woman"3:56
8."Fireworks" 2:13
9."Extreme Ways" 3:57
10."Jam for the Ladies"3:22
11."Sunday (The Day Before My Birthday)"5:09
12."18" 4:28
13."Sleep Alone" 4:45
14."At Least We Tried" 4:08
15."Harbour" 6:27
16."Look Back In" 2:20
17."The Rafters" 3:22
18."I'm Not Worried at All" 4:11
Total length:71:24
Sample credits[19]
  • "Another Woman" contains samples of "I'm a Good Woman", written and performed by Barbara Lynn.
  • "Jam for the Ladies" contains samples of "Wherever You Are", written and performed by Mic Geronimo.
  • "Sunday (The Day Before My Birthday)" contains samples of "Sunday", written and performed by Sylvia Robinson.

PersonnelEdit

Credits are adapted from album liner notes.[19]

Music

  • Moby – instruments, vocals on "We Are All Made of Stars", "Signs of Love", "Extreme Ways" and "Sleep Alone"
  • Azure Ray – vocals on "Great Escape"
  • Freedom Bremner – vocals on "At Least We Tried"
  • MC Lyte – vocals on "Jam for the Ladies"
  • Dianne McCaulley – vocals on "One of These Mornings"
  • Sinéad O'Connor – vocals on "Harbour"
  • Shauna Phillips – vocals on "The Rafters"
  • Lorraine Phillips – vocals on "The Rafters"
  • Jennifer Price – vocals on "In This World"
  • The Shining Light Gospel Choir – vocals on "In My Heart" and "I'm Not Worried at All"
  • Angie Stone – vocals on "Jam for the Ladies"

Production

  • Moby – production, engineering, mixing
  • Tony Dawsey – mastering
  • David Calderley – artwork, design
  • Danny Clinch – photography

ChartsEdit

Chart (2002–05) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[20] 1
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[21] 1
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[22] 1
Belgian Alternative Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[22] 1
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[23] 2
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[24] 1
Danish Albums (Hitlisten)[25] 1
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[26] 2
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[27] 5
French Albums (SNEP)[28] 1
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[29] 1
Irish Albums (IRMA)[30] 1
Italian Albums (FIMI)[31] 2
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[32] 1
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[33] 2
Scottish Albums (OCC)[34] 1
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[35] 95
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[36] 3
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[37] 1
UK Albums (OCC)[38] 1
UK Independent Albums (OCC)[39] 1
US Billboard 200[40] 4
US Top Dance/Electronic Albums (Billboard)[41] 1

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[42] Platinum 70,000^
Belgium (BEA)[43] Platinum 50,000*
France (SNEP)[44] 2× Gold 200,000*
Germany (BVMI)[45] Gold 150,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[46] Gold 40,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[47] Platinum 15,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[48] Platinum 40,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[49] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[51] Gold 513,000[50]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Horowitz, Steven J. (October 12, 2016). "Moby Talks 'Fast Post-Punk' LP, Embracing Commercial Irrelevance". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
  2. ^ Smith, Andrew (October 15, 2000). "Definitely Moby". The Observer. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e Smith, Ethan (May 1, 2002). "Organization Moby". Wired. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Rionda, Sasha (May 3, 2002). "More Moby: '18,' to be exact". CNN. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  5. ^ Hilburn, Robert (May 12, 2002). "What Do You See, Moby?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  6. ^ Goodman, Abbey (February 21, 2002). "Moby's next album is called 18, but what does that mean?". MTV. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Fricke, David (June 6, 2002). "Moby's Home Made Heaven". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Reviews for 18 by Moby". Metacritic. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
  9. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "18 – Moby". AllMusic. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  10. ^ Petridis, Alexis (June–July 2002). "Moby: 18". Blender (7): 107. Archived from the original on November 22, 2005. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  11. ^ Browne, David (May 17, 2002). "18". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
  12. ^ Petridis, Alexis (May 10, 2002). "Play it again". The Guardian. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  13. ^ Needham, Alex (May 7, 2002). "Moby : 18". NME. Archived from the original on June 10, 2002. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  14. ^ Pecoraro, David M. (May 19, 2002). "Moby: 18". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  15. ^ "Moby: 18". Q (190): 105. May 2002.
  16. ^ Sheffield, Rob (April 25, 2002). "18". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
  17. ^ "Moby: 18". Uncut (61): 108. June 2002.
  18. ^ Gardner, Elysa (May 14, 2002). "Moby, 18". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 5, 2016. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  19. ^ a b 18 (Liner notes). Moby. Mute Records. 2002. CDSTUMM202.CS1 maint: others (link)
  20. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  21. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Moby – 18" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  22. ^ a b "Ultratop.be – Moby – 18" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  23. ^ "Ultratop.be – Moby – 18" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  24. ^ "Moby Chart History (Canadian Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  25. ^ "Danishcharts.dk – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  26. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Moby – 18" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  27. ^ "Moby: 18" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  28. ^ "Lescharts.com – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  29. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Moby – 18" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  30. ^ "Irish-charts.com – Discography Moby". Hung Medien. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  31. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  32. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  33. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  34. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  35. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  36. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  37. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Moby – 18". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  38. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  39. ^ "Official Independent Albums Chart Top 50". Official Charts Company. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  40. ^ "Moby Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  41. ^ "Moby Chart History (Top Dance/Electronic Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  42. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2002 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  43. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – albums 2003". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  44. ^ "French album certifications – Moby – 18" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  45. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Moby; '18')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  46. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Moby – 18" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved 6 August 2002. Enter 18 in the "Artiest of titel" box.
  47. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Moby – 18". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  48. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Moby; '18')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  49. ^ "British album certifications – Moby – 18". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved March 5, 2013. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type 18 in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  50. ^ "Moby Attacked In Boston". Billboard. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  51. ^ "American album certifications – Moby – 18". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 

External linksEdit