1895 United States Senate election in Massachusetts

The 1895 United States Senate election in Massachusetts was held in January 1895. Incumbent Republican Senator George Frisbie Hoar was re-elected to a fourth term in office.

1895 United States Senate election in Massachusetts
← 1889 January 15, 1895 1901 →

Resolution of legislature needed to win
  GFHoar.jpg John Edwards Russell.png
Nominee George Frisbie Hoar John E. Russell
Party Republican Democratic
Senate 34 4
Percentage 89.47% 10.53%
House 180 39
Percentage 82.19% 17.81%

Senator before election

George Frisbie Hoar
Republican

Elected Senator

George Frisbie Hoar
Republican

At the time, Massachusetts elected United States senators by a resolution of the Massachusetts General Court.

BackgroundEdit

State legislatureEdit

At the time, the Massachusetts legislature was controlled by the Republican Party, as it had been since that party's founding, typically in dominant fashion. The 1894 election in particular, which coincided with the landslide election of Governor Frederic Greenhalge, returned the strongest Republican majority in 21 years.

The Senate was composed of 36 Republicans and only 4 Democrats,[1] and the House had 194 Republicans and 45 Democrats.[2]

CandidatesEdit

Hoar faced no evident opposition from Republicans.

ElectionEdit

CaucusesEdit

In caucuses held on January 9, Republicans re-nominated Hoar unanimously. Democrats, as a matter of party honors, nominated former U.S. Representative John E. Russell of Leicester, also unanimously.[3]

ElectionEdit

Both houses convened on January 15 and ratified Hoar's re-election along strict party lines, with many members not bothering to vote.[4]

Election in the Senate[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican George Frisbie Hoar (inc.) 34 89.47%
Democratic Patrick Collins 4 10.53%
Total votes 38 100.00%
Election in the House[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican George Frisbie Hoar (inc.) 180 82.19%
Democratic Patrick Collins 39 17.81%
Total votes 219 100.00%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Composition of the Massachusetts State Senate", Resources on Massachusetts Political Figures in the State Library, Mass.gov, archived from the original on June 6, 2020
  2. ^ "Composition of the State of Massachusetts House of Representatives", Resources on Massachusetts Political Figures in the State Library, Mass.gov, archived from the original on June 6, 2020
  3. ^ "Senator Hoar Re-Nominated". The New York Times. 10 Jan 1895. p. 7.
  4. ^ a b c "HOAR HIS OWN SUCCESSOR". Boston Daily Globe. 16 Jan 1895. p. 3.