1893 German federal election

Federal elections were held in Germany on 15 June 1893.[1] Despite the Social Democratic Party (SPD) receiving a plurality of votes, the Centre Party remained the largest party in the Reichstag after winning 96 of the 397 seats, whilst the SPD won just 44.[2] Voter turnout was 72.4%.[3]

1893 German federal election

← 1890 15 June 1893 (1893-06-15) 1898 →

All 397 seats in the Reichstag
199 seats needed for a majority
Registered10,628,292 Increase 4.76%
Turnout7,702,265 (72.47%) Increase 0.89pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Franz-Graf-Ballestrem.jpg Otto von Manteuffel.jpg R. v. Bennigsen.jpg
Leader Franz von Ballestrem Otto von Manteuffel Rudolf von Bennigsen
Party Centre DKP NLP
Leader since 1890 1892 1867
Last election 18.55%, 107 seats 12.21%, 71 seats 15.64%, 38 seats
Seats won 96 69 51
Seat change Decrease 11 Decrease 2 Increase 13
Popular vote 1,468,501 992,412 942,410
Percentage 19.14% 12.93% 12.29%
Swing Increase 0.59pp Increase 0.72pp Decrease 3.35pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  August Bebel c1900.jpg
Eugen Richter.jpg
Leader Paul Singer &
August Bebel
Eugen Richter
Leader since 18 March 1890
& 21 November 1892
7 May 1893
Last election 19.75%, 35 seats 6.38%, 19 seats 15.89%, 67 seats
Seats won 44 28 24
Seat change Increase 9 Increase 9 Decrease 43
Popular vote 1,786,738 437,972 665,427
Percentage 23.28% 5.71% 8.67%
Swing Increase 3.53pp Decrease 0.67pp Decrease 7.22pp

Karte der Reichstagswahlen 1893.svg
Map of results (by constituencies)

President of the Reichstag before election

Albert von Levetzow

President of the Reichstag after election

Albert von Levetzow


Social Democratic Party1,786,73823.28+3.5344+9
Centre Party1,468,50119.14+0.5996+11
German Conservative Party992,41212.93+0.7269−2
National Liberal Party943,41012.29−3.3551+13
Free-minded People's Party665,4278.67−7.2224−43
German Reich Party437,9725.71−0.6728+9
Free-minded Union260,3643.39New13New
Independent Polish172,4822.25−0.3214+3
German People's Party166,7572.17+0.1311+1
German Reform Party141,6501.85+1.5514+11
Alsace-Lorraine parties135,5461.77−0.369−5
German Social Party110,4511.44+1.162+2
German-Hanoverian Party101,8101.33−0.237−4
Independent liberals56,3720.73−0.362−2
Polish Court Party53,9730.70−0.1550
Bavarian Peasants' League43,1280.56New2New
Independent conservatives35,8160.47+0.172+2
Other agrarians25,9090.34New1New
Other conservatives19,5540.25New1New
Danish Party14,3630.190.0010
Independent anti-semites11,7600.15+0.080−1
Alsatian Liberals6,4690.08New1New
Lithuanian Party4,0990.05New0New
Polish People's Party3,1240.04New0New
Christian Social Party1,8290.02+0.0200
Valid votes7,673,97399.63
Invalid/blank votes28,2920.37
Total votes7,702,265100.00
Registered voters/turnout10,628,29272.47
Source: Wahlen in Deutschland


Social Democratic Party46,18619.30+8.572+1
Alsatian autonomists25,94010.84−18.691−3
German Reich Party14,4946.06+5.421+1
Independent conservatives13,6995.73New1New
Alsace-Lorraine protesters10,9494.58−5.8610
Lorraine Bloc9,8954.14+4.141+1
Conservative Party7,5683.16+2.571+1
Alsatian Liberals6,4692.70New1New
Free-minded People's Party4,4301.85NewNew
Independent liberals4,1071.72NewNew
Social Party3,4071.42NewNew
National Liberal Party2,1420.90−0.1300
Valid votes239,25596.28
Invalid/blank votes9,2363.72
Total votes248,491100.00
Registered voters/turnout325,48276.35
Source: Wahlen in Deutschland


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p789
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p774