Events from the year 1892 in the United States.
- President: Benjamin Harrison (R-Indiana)
- Vice President: Levi P. Morton (R-New York)
- Chief Justice: Melville Fuller (Illinois)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Charles Frederick Crisp (D-Georgia)
- Congress: 52nd
- January 1 – Ellis Island begins receiving immigrants to the United States.
- January 15 – James Naismith's rules for basketball are published for the first time in the Springfield YMCA International Training School's newspaper, in an article titled "A New Game".
- January 20 – At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game is played.
- February 12 – Former President Abraham Lincoln's birthday is declared a national public holiday in the United States.
- February 18 – Pennsauken Township, New Jersey is incorporated.
- February 23 – The 7.1–7.2 Mw Laguna Salada earthquake shakes Southern California and northern Mexico with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe).
- March 15 – Jesse W. Reno patents the first working escalator, used at Old Iron Pier, Coney Island , New York City.
- April – The Johnson County War breaks out between small farmers and large ranchers in Wyoming.
- April 15 – The General Electric Company is established through merger of the Thomson-Houston Company and the Edison General Electric Company.
- April 19 – The 6.4 MLa Vacaville–Winters earthquake shakes the North Bay are of California with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). This first event in a doublet earthquake results in one death and is followed two days later by a 6.2 MLa shock. Total damage from the events is $225,000–250,000.
- April 29 – Redondo Beach, California, is founded.
- April 30 – Lynching of Ephraim Grizzard, an African American, in Nashville, Tennessee.
- May 10 - Glen Ellyn, Illinois is incorporated.
- May 28 – The Sierra Club is organized by John Muir in San Francisco, California.
- June 6 – The Chicago "L" elevated railway opens.
- June 7 – Homer Plessy, who is one-eighth African heritage with light skin, is arrested for sitting (deliberately) on the whites-only car in Louisiana, leading to the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson court case.
- June 30 – The Homestead Strike begins in Homestead, Pennsylvania, culminating in a battle between striking workers and private security agents on July 6.
- July 4 – Samoa changes its time zone to being 3 hours behind California, such that it crosses the international date line and July 4 occurs twice.
- July 6 – Homestead Strike: The arrival of a force of 300 Pinkerton detectives from New York City and Chicago results in a fight in which about 10 men are killed.
- August 4 – The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden are found violently murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home; she will be acquitted of their murder.
- August 9 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
- August 13 – The Baltimore Afro-American newspaper, the country's longest-running African American family owned newspaper business, publishes its first issue (publisher, John H. Murphy, Sr.).
- October 5 – The Dalton Gang, attempting to rob two banks in Coffeyville, Kansas, is shot by the townspeople; only Emmett Dalton, with 23 wounds, survives to spend 14 years in prison.
- October 12 – To mark the 400th anniversary Columbus Day holiday, the "Pledge of Allegiance" is first recited in unison by students in U.S. public schools.
- October 24 – Boston Beaneaters win their Fifth National League Pennant by defeating Cleveland Spiders 5 games to 0.
- November 8
- 1892 U.S. presidential election: Grover Cleveland is elected over Benjamin Harrison and James B. Weaver to win the second of his non-consecutive terms.
- The four-day New Orleans General Strike begins.
- November 12 – Pudge Heffelfinger is paid $525 by the Allegheny Athletic Association, becoming the first professional American football player on record.
- December 17 – Vogue magazine launched.
- Shredded wheat breakfast cereal first sold to restaurants by Henry Perky.
- Ithaca College founded as Ithaca Conservatory of Music in New York (state) by William Grant Egbert.
- Lowell High School is founded in Lowell, Indiana.
- Aberdeen, Maryland, is founded.
- The Cadet Band (modern-day Highty-Tighties) of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (modern-day Virginia Tech) is established in the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets.
- Garza Revolution in Texas and Mexico (1891–1893)
- Gilded Age (1869–c. 1896)
- Gay Nineties (1890–1899)
- Progressive Era (1890s–1920s)
- January 9 – Eva Bowring, U.S. Senator from Nebraska in 1954 (died 1985)
- January 14 – Hal Roach, film and television producer, director and actor (died 1992)
- January 16
- Homer Burton Adkins, chemist (died 1949)
- Charles W. Ryder, general (died 1960)
- William A. Stanfill, U.S. Senator from Kentucky from 1945 to 1946 (died 1971)
- February 19 – Scott W. Lucas, U.S. Senator from Illinois from 1939 to 1951 (died 1968)
- February 29 – Augusta Savage, African American sculptor (died 1962)
- March 26 – Paul Douglas, U.S. Senator from Illinois from 1949 to 1967 (died 1976)
- April 8 – Rose McConnell Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana from 1936 to 1937 (died 1970)
- May 10 – Arthur E. Nelson, U.S. Senator from Minnesota from 1942 to 1943 (died 1955)
- May 20 – Harry J. Anslinger, 1st Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics (died 1975)
- May 26 – Maxwell Bodenheim, poet and novelist (murdered 1954)
- June 6 – Donald F. Duncan, Sr., toymaker and businessman, founder of Duncan Toys Company (died 1971)
- June 15 – Wallace Wade, American football coach, University of Alabama, Duke University (died 1986)
- July 10 – Spessard Holland, U.S. Senator from Florida from 1946 to 1971 (died 1971)
- July 29 – William Powell, film actor (died 1984)
- August 20 – George Aiken, U.S. Senator from Vermont from 1941 to 1975 (died 1984)
- August 23 – Alexander G. Barry, U.S. Senator from Oregon from 1938 to 1939 (died 1952)
- October 6 – Jackie Saunders, silent film actress (died 1954)
- November 10 – Frank A. Barrett, U.S. Senator from Wyoming from 1953 to 1959 (died 1962)
- December 15 – J. Paul Getty, industrialist (died 1976)
- January 2 – Montgomery C. Meigs, career U.S. Army officer and civil engineer, Quartermaster General of the United States Army during and after the American Civil War (born 1816)
- February 28 – Elias Nelson Conway, 5th Governor of Arkansas from 1852 to 1860 (born 1812)
- March 26 – Walt Whitman, poet, author of Leaves of Grass (born 1819).
- April 6 – Willard Saulsbury, Sr., U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1873 to 1892 (born 1820)
- May 14 – John S. Barbour, Jr., U.S. Senator from Virginia from 1889 to 1892 (born 1820)
- June 8 – Robert Ford, outlaw, killer of Jesse James (born 1862)
- July 14 – Newton Booth, U.S. Senator from California from 1875 to 1881 (born 1825)
- August 16 – Thomas H. Watts, 18th Governor of Alabama, 3rd Confederate States Attorney General (born 1819)
- September 23 – John Pope, career U.S. Army officer and Union general in the Civil War (born 1822)
- October 5 – outlaw members of Dalton Gang (shot)
- Bob Dalton (born 1869)
- Grat Dalton (born 1861)
- October 18 – William W. Chapman, politician and lawyer (born 1808)
- October 25 – Caroline Harrison, First Lady of the United States as wife of President Benjamin Harrison (born 1832)
- November 29 – Graham N. Fitch, U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1857 to 1861 (born 1809)
- December 2 – Jay Gould, railroad developer and speculator (born 1836)
- December 15 – Randall L. Gibson, U.S. Senator from Louisiana from 1883 to 1892 (born 1832)
- December 31 – Henry P. Baldwin, Governor of Michigan from 1869 to 1873 and U.S. Senator from Michigan from 1879 to 1881 (born 1814)
- Zenas King, bridge builder (born 1818)
- ^ Harlan D. Unrau (1984). Ellis Island, Statue of Liberty National Monument, New York-New Jersey. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. p. 208.
- Media related to 1892 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons