1882 United States House of Representatives elections

The 1882 United States House of Representatives elections were held during President Chester A. Arthur's term.

1882 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1880 November 7, 1882[a] 1884 →

All 325 seats in the United States House of Representatives
163 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  John Griffin Carlisle, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg J. Warren Keifer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader John G. Carlisle J. Warren Keifer
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Kentucky 6th Ohio 8th
Last election 128 seats 151 seats
Seats won 196[1][b] 117[1][b]
Seat change Increase 68 Decrease 34
Popular vote 3,968,021 3,376,726
Percentage 48.90% 41.61%
Swing Increase 1.22% Decrease 3.33%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Readjuster Greenback
Last election 2 seats[c] 10 seats
Seats won 4[1][d] 2[1]
Seat change Increase 2 Decrease 8
Popular vote 99,992 248,327
Percentage 1.23% 3.06%
Swing Increase 0.61% Decrease 2.49%

  Fifth party Sixth party
 
Party Liberal Independent
Last election 0 seats 1 seats[e]
Seats won 1[f] 5[g][h]
Seat change Increase 1 Increase 4
Popular vote 113,789 282,297
Percentage 1.40% 3.48%
Swing New Increase 2.38%

House048ElectionMap.png
Elections results from the 1882 elections

Speaker before election

Joseph Keifer
Republican

Elected Speaker

John Carlisle
Democratic

Arthur's Republican Party was badly defeated, losing its majority to the opposition Democratic Party after a campaign that focused on the resistance of Republican leaders to reforming the Spoils system under which government jobs were handed to supporters of winning candidates. After the election, Arthur agreed with the Democrats to pass the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing a professional civil service. However, his actions were too late, as the image of the Republican Party as corrupt was already engrained in the minds of voters. This election also saw the decline of the pro-paper money Greenback Party, and the pick up of several Virginian seats by the Readjuster Party which promoted fiscal responsibility and shunned elitism, though the Virginia-based Readjuster Party all but disappeared following this election.

Election summariesEdit

Following the 1880 Census, 32 new seats were apportioned.[2] Three States lost 1 seat each, 13 States had no change in apportionment, 14 States gained 1 seat each, 6 States gained 2 seats, 1 State gained 4 seats, and 1 State gained 5 seats. Several States that gained one or more seats did not redistrict immediately, electing the new members at-large, while one state (Maine) which lost a member also delayed redistricting, electing all of its members at-large for this Congress only.

196 12 117
Democratic [i] Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 8   7   1 1   0  
Arkansas District
+ at-large[j]
5   1 5   1 0   0  
California District
+ 2 at-large[j]
6   2 6   4 0   2 0  
Colorado At-large 1   0   1   0  
Connecticut District 4   3   2 1   2 0  
Delaware At-large 1   1   0   0  
Florida District 2   1   1   0  
Georgia District
+ at-large[j]
10   1 10   1 0   0  
Illinois District 20   1 9[k]   3 11   2 0  
Indiana District 13   10   5 3   5 0  
Iowa[l] District 11   2 3   2 7   1 1[m]   1
Kansas District
+ 4 at-large[j]
7   4 0   7   4 0  
Kentucky District 11   1 9[k]   2   1 0  
Louisiana District 6   5   1   0  
Maine[l] At-large[n] 4   1 0   4   1 0   2[m]
Maryland District 6   4   1 2   1 0  
Massachusetts District 12   1 3   2 9[g]   1 0  
Michigan District 11   2 6   6 5   4 0  
Minnesota District 5   2 0   5   2 0  
Mississippi District 7   1 5   1 1   1 1[o]   1
Missouri District 14   1 14   6 0   1 0   4[m]
Nebraska District[p] 3   2 0   3   2 0  
Nevada At-large 1   1   0   0  
New Hampshire District 2   1 0   2   1 0  
New Jersey District 7   3   4   0  
New York District
+ at-large[j]
34   1 21   1 13   1 0   1[o]
North Carolina District
+ at-large[j]
9   1 7[k]   2   1 0  
Ohio[l] District 21   1 15   10 6   9 0  
Oregon[l] At-large 1   0   1   0  
Pennsylvania District
+ at-large[j]
28   1 12   5 15   3 1[m]   1
Rhode Island District 2   0   2   0  
South Carolina District 7   2 6   1 1   1 0  
Tennessee District 10   8   1 2   1 0  
Texas District 11   5 10   5 0   1[o]  [q]
Vermont[l] District 2   1 0   2   1 0  
Virginia District
+ at-large[j]
10   1 6   1 0   2 4[d]   4[r]
West Virginia District 4   1 3   1   1 0  
Wisconsin District 9   1 6   4 3   3 0  
Total 325   32 199[1][s]
61.2%
  59 118[1][g]
36.3%
  26 8[1]
2.8%
  2
Popular vote
Democratic
48.90%
Republican
41.61%
Greenback
3.06%
Readjuster
1.23%
Liberal
1.40%
Independent
3.48%
Others
0.32%
House seats
Democratic
60.31%
Republican
36.00%
Readjuster
1.23%
Greenback
0.61%
Liberal
0.31%
Independent
1.54%

There were 8 members elected from third parties, 4 from the Virginia-based Readjuster Party, 2 from the declining Greenback Party, and 2 Independents. The previous election of 1880 had had 10 Greenbacks and 1 Independent.

 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
 
  80+% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
 
  60+ to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Readjuster
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Readjuster gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Independent gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election datesEdit

Five states, with 39 seats among them, held elections before the others:

Special electionsEdit

There were four special elections in 1882 during the 47th United States Congress.

Elections are listed by date and district.

District Incumbent This race
Member / Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri 2 Thomas Allen Democratic 1880 Incumbent died April 8, 1882.
New member elected November 7, 1882 and seated December 15, 1882.
Republican gain.
Winner lost election the same day to the next term in the redistricted 9th district, see below.[3]
Illinois 5 Robert M. A. Hawk Republican 1878 Incumbent died June 29, 1882.
New member elected November 7, 1882 and seated December 4, 1882.
Republican hold.
Utah Territory at-large George Q. Cannon Republican 1872 Incumbent disqualified on account of polygamy.[6][7]
New delegate elected November 7, 1882[8] and seated December 4, 1882.
Democratic gain.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Georgia 8 Alexander H. Stephens Democratic 1842
1859 (Withdrew)
1872
Incumbent resigned November 4, 1882 to become Governor of Georgia.
New member elected November 8, 1882 and seated December 4, 1882.
Democratic hold.
Winner also elected to the next term.

AlabamaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama 1 Thomas H. Herndon Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 2 Hilary A. Herbert Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 3 William C. Oates Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 4 Vacant Rep. Charles M. Shelley (D) resigned July 20, 1882 after election contest.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Election successfully contested.
New member seated January 9, 1885.
Republican gain.
Alabama 5 Thomas Williams Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 6 Goldsmith W. Hewitt Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 7 William H. Forney Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 8 Vacant Rep. William M. Lowe (G) died October 12, 1882.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

ArkansasEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Arkansas 1 Poindexter Dunn Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 2 James K. Jones Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 3 Jordan E. Cravens Democratic 1876 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Arkansas 4 Thomas M. Gunter Democratic 1872 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Arkansas at-large None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 William Rosecrans Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
California 2 Horace F. Page Republican 1872 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 3 Campbell P. Berry Democratic 1879 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
California 4 Romualdo Pacheco Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

ColoradoEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Colorado at-large James B. Belford Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James B. Belford (Republican) 50.5%
  • S. S. Wallace (Democratic) 47.6%
  • Leland W. Green (Greenback) 2.0%[24]

ConnecticutEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut 1 John R. Buck Republican 1880 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Connecticut 2 James Phelps Democratic 1875 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Connecticut 3 John T. Wait Republican 1876 (special Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John T. Wait (Republican) 53.4%
  • John J. Penrose (Democratic) 44.5%
  • Elisha H. Palmer (Prohibition) 1.6%[27]
Connecticut 4 Frederick Miles Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

DelawareEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large Edward L. Martin Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Robert H. M. Davidson Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Robert H. M. Davidson (Democratic) 51.5%
  • Emory F. Skinner (Republican) 32.2%
  • D. L. McKinnon (Independent Republican) 16.3%
Florida 2 Horatio Bisbee Jr. Republican 1880[t] Incumbent re-elected.

GeorgiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia 1
Georgia 2
Georgia 3
Georgia 4
Georgia 5
Georgia 6
Georgia 7
Georgia 8
Georgia 9
Georgia at-large

IllinoisEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois 1
Illinois 2
Illinois 3
Illinois 4
Illinois 5
Illinois 6
Illinois 7
Illinois 8
Illinois 9
Illinois 10
Illinois 11
Illinois 12
Illinois 13
Illinois 14
Illinois 15
Illinois 16
Illinois 17
Illinois 18
Illinois 19
Illinois 20

IndianaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana 1
Indiana 2
Indiana 3
Indiana 4
Indiana 5
Indiana 6
Indiana 7
Indiana 8
Indiana 9
Indiana 10
Indiana 11
Indiana 12
Indiana 13

IowaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Iowa 1
Iowa 2
Iowa 3
Iowa 4
Iowa 5
Iowa 6
Iowa 7
Iowa 8
Iowa 9
Iowa 10
Iowa 11

KansasEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kansas 1 John A. Anderson Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John A. Anderson (Republican) 68.3%
  • Charles H. Moody (Greenback) 29.5%
  • L. T. Smith (Democratic) 2.2%[30]
Kansas 2 Dudley C. Haskell Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Dudley C. Haskell (Republican) 48.7%
  • Nelson F. Acers (Democratic) 39.5%
  • Alfred Taylor (Greenback) 11.8%[31]
Kansas 3 Thomas Ryan Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Thomas Ryan (Republican) 57.1%
  • John C. Cannon (Democratic) 28.1%
  • D. J. Cole (Greenback) 14.8%[32]
Kansas at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

KentuckyEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1
Kentucky 2
Kentucky 3
Kentucky 4
Kentucky 5
Kentucky 6
Kentucky 7
Kentucky 8
Kentucky 9
Kentucky 10
Kentucky 11

LouisianaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana 1
Louisiana 2
Louisiana 3
Louisiana 4
Louisiana 5
Louisiana 6

MaineEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
Thomas B. Reed
Redistricted from the 1st district
Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Nelson Dingley Jr.
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Republican 1881 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Stephen Lindsey
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
George W. Ladd
Redistricted from the 4th district
Greenback 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Thompson H. Murch
Redistricted from the 5th district
Greenback 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
Greenback loss.

MarylandEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1
Maryland 2
Maryland 3
Maryland 4
Maryland 5
Maryland 6

MassachusettsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 William W. Crapo Republican 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Robert T. Davis (Republican) 65.98%
  • Nicholas Hathaway (Democratic) 32.09%
  • George F. Babbitt (Democratic) 1.32%
  • Scattering 0.62%
Massachusetts 2 Benjamin W. Harris Republican 1872 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y John Davis Long (Republican) 53.94%
  • Edgar E. Dean (Democratic) 42.40%
  • John W. Willett (Prohibition) 2.28%
  • George E. Dunham (Greenback) 1.39%
Massachusetts 3 Ambrose A. Ranney Republican 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Ambrose A. Ranney (Republican) 58.02%
  • Horatio E. Swasey (Democratic) 41.40%
  • Samuel B. Capen (Prohibition) 0.44%
  • Nicholas Furlong (Greenback) 0.14%
Massachusetts 4 Vacant (new seat) Vacant seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Massachusetts 5 Leopold Morse
Redistricted from 4th district.
Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Selwyn Z. Bowman Republican 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
Republican loss.
Massachusetts 6 Vacant (new seat) New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Massachusetts 7 Eben F. Stone
Redistricted from 6th district.
Republican 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 8 William A. Russell
Redistricted from 7th district.
Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William A. Russell (Republican) 51.00%
  • Charles S. Lilley (Democratic) 48.62%
  • Charles F. Cox (Greenback) 0.38%
Massachusetts 9 John W. Candler
Redistricted from 8th district.
Republican 1880 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Independent Republican gain.
Massachusetts 10 William W. Rice
Redistricted from 9th district.
Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William W. Rice (Republican) 55.50%
  • John Hopkins (Democratic) 44.06%
  • Jason Waters (Greenback) 0.45%
Massachusetts 11 Amasa Norcross
Redistricted from 10th district.
Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y William Whiting II (Republican) 64.22%
  • Edward J. Sawyer (Democratic) 33.70%
  • Warren Johnson (Greenback) 1.34%
  • Oscar Edwards (Prohibition) 0.75%
Massachusetts 12 George D. Robinson
Redistricted from 11th district.
Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.

MichiganEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Michigan 1
Michigan 2
Michigan 3
Michigan 4
Michigan 5
Michigan 6
Michigan 7
Michigan 8
Michigan 9
Michigan 10
Michigan 11

MinnesotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Minnesota 1 Mark H. Dunnell Republican 1870 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Minnesota 2 None (New district) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y James Wakefield (Republican) 63.6%
  • F. A. Bohrer (Democratic) 25.0%
  • Jacob A. Latimer (Greenback) 11.4%[36]
Minnesota 3 Horace B. Strait
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Republican 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Horace B. Strait (Republican) 68.2%
  • Charles P. Adams (Democratic) 29.0%
  • Porter Martin (Greenback) 2.9%[37]
Minnesota 4 William D. Washburn
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 5 None (New district) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Knute Nelson (Republican) 47.8%
  • Charles F. Kindred (Independent) 34.5%
  • Edward P. Barnum (Democratic) 17.6%[39]

MississippiEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 Henry L. Muldrow Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 Van. H. Manning Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Election successfully contested in 1884.
Results corrected.
Independent gain.
Mississippi 3 Hernando Money Democratic 1874 Incumbent redistricted to the 4th district.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Elza Jeffords (Republican) 69.14%
  • Charles W. Clarke (Democratic) 22.13%
  • V. B. Waddell (Independent Democratic) 8.73%[43]
Mississippi 4 Otho R. Singleton Democratic 1874 Incumbent redistricted to the 5th district.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Hernando Money (Democratic) 68.75%
  • John T. Griffin (Republican) 26.54%
  • S. M. Roane (Greenback) 4.71%[44]
Hernando Money Democratic 1874 Redistricted from the 3rd district.
Mississippi 5 Charles E. Hooker Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Otho R. Singleton Democratic 1874 Redistricted from the 4th district.
Mississippi 6 John R. Lynch Republican 1880[u] Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Mississippi 7 None (new district) New member elected.
Democratic gain.

MissouriEdit

Missouri gained one seat in reapportionment. After redistricting and the new elections, the delegation went from 7 Democrats, 4 Greenbacks, and 2 Republicans, to a solid slate of 14 Democrats.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri 1 William H. Hatch
Redistricted from the 12th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 2 New district New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Missouri 3 Joseph H. Burrows
Redistricted from the 10th district
Greenback 1880 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Missouri 4 Nicholas Ford
Redistricted from the 9th district
Greenback 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Missouri 5 Theron Moses Rice
Redistricted from the 7th district
Greenback 1880 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Robert T. Van Horn
Redistricted from the 8th district
Republican 1864
1870 (Retired)
1880
Incumbent retired.
Republican loss.
Missouri 6 New district New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Missouri 7 Aylett Hawes Buckner
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 8 Gustavus Sessinghaus Redistricted from the 3rd district Republican 1882 (Contested) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Missouri 9 Thomas Allen
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Democratic 1880 Incumbent died April 8, 1882.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Winner was not elected to finish the current term in the old district.
Missouri 10 Martin L. Clardy
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 11 Richard P. Bland
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
John Bullock Clark Jr. Democratic 1872 Incumbent lost renomination.
Democratic loss.
Missouri 12 New district New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Missouri 13 Ira Sherwin Hazeltine
Redistricted from the 6th district
Greenback 1880 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Missouri 14 Lowndes Henry Davis
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

NebraskaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nebraska 1 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Nebraska 2 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Nebraska 3 Edward K. Valentine
Redistricted from the at-large district
Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

NevadaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nevada at-large George W. Cassidy Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.

New HampshireEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire 1 Joshua G. Hall Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
New Hampshire 2 James F. Briggs Republican 1877 Incumbent retired.
Republican loss.
  •  Y Ossian Ray (Republican) 52.2%
  • Jewett D. Hosley (Democratic) 46.8%[63]
Ossian Ray
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Republican 1880 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

New JerseyEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey 1
New Jersey 2
New Jersey 3
New Jersey 4
New Jersey 5
New Jersey 6
New Jersey 7

New YorkEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1
New York 2
New York 3
New York 4
New York 5
New York 6
New York 7
New York 8
New York 9
New York 10
New York 11
New York 12
New York 13
New York 14
New York 15
New York 16
New York 17
New York 18
New York 19
New York 20
New York 21
New York 22
New York 23
New York 24
New York 25
New York 26
New York 27
New York 28
New York 29
New York 30
New York 31
New York 32
New York 33
New York at-large

North CarolinaEdit

The Liberal Anti-Prohibition Party was formed following the failure of the first statewide referendum on Prohibition in 1881. Throughout most of North Carolina, the moribund Republican Party merged into the new party and scored impressive gains in the 1882 elections. By early 1884, however, the LAP was dissolving, and they are listed here synonymously with the Republican Party.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 Louis C. Latham Democratic 1880 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
North Carolina 2 Orlando Hubbs Republican 1880 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
North Carolina 3 John W. Shackelford Democratic 1880 Incumbent died January 18, 1883.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
North Carolina 4 William Ruffin Cox Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 5 Alfred M. Scales Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 6 Clement Dowd Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 7 Robert F. Armfield Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
North Carolina 8 Robert B. Vance Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina at-large None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

OhioEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio 1
Ohio 2
Ohio 3
Ohio 4
Ohio 5
Ohio 6
Ohio 7
Ohio 8
Ohio 9
Ohio 10
Ohio 11
Ohio 12
Ohio 13
Ohio 14
Ohio 15
Ohio 16
Ohio 17
Ohio 18
Ohio 19
Ohio 20
Ohio 21

OregonEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oregon at-large Melvin C. George Republican 1800 Incumbent re-elected.

PennsylvaniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Pennsylvania 1
Pennsylvania 2
Pennsylvania 3
Pennsylvania 4
Pennsylvania 5
Pennsylvania 6
Pennsylvania 7
Pennsylvania 8
Pennsylvania 9
Pennsylvania 10
Pennsylvania 11
Pennsylvania 12
Pennsylvania 13
Pennsylvania 14
Pennsylvania 15
Pennsylvania 16
Pennsylvania 17
Pennsylvania 18
Pennsylvania 19
Pennsylvania 20
Pennsylvania 21
Pennsylvania 22
Pennsylvania 23
Pennsylvania 24
Pennsylvania 25
Pennsylvania 26
Pennsylvania 27
Pennsylvania at-large

Rhode IslandEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island 1 Henry J. Spooner Republican 1881 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Rhode Island 2 Jonathan Chace Republican 1880 Incumbent re-elected.

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 John S. Richardson Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Samuel Dibble (Democratic) 56.9%
  • J. B. Campbell (Greenback/L) 43.1%
South Carolina 2 George D. Tillman
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George D. Tillman (Democratic) 67.8%
  • E. M. Brayon (Greenback/L) 31.9%
  • Others 0.3%
South Carolina 3 D. Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y D. Wyatt Aiken (Democratic) 84.6%
  • T. H. Russell (Greenback/L) 15.4%
South Carolina 4 John H. Evins Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John H. Evins (Democratic) 71.8%
  • D. R. Elkins (Greenback/L) 27.2%
South Carolina 5 None (open seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 6 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y George W. Dargan (Democratic) 64.7%
  • Edmund H. Deas (Republican) 21.7%
  • A. H. Bowen (Greenback/L) 13.6%
South Carolina 7 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Augustus H. Pettibone Republican 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Leonidas C. Houk Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 George G. Dibrell Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Benton McMillin Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 Richard Warner Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 John F. House Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Andrew J. Caldwell (Democratic) 61.70%
  • Joseph R. Dillon (Republican) 34.26%
  • B. F. Brooks (Greenback) 3.70%
  • A. P. McMillin (Unknown) 0.34%[81]
Tennessee 7 Washington C. Whitthorne Democratic 1870 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 8 John D. C. Atkins Democratic 1872 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y John M. Taylor (Democratic) 51.81%
  • Samuel W. Hawkins (Republican) 38.52%
  • James T. Warren (Greenback) 6.97%
  • Solomon C. Hearn (Greenback) 2.70%[83]
Tennessee 9 Charles B. Simonton Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Rice A. Pierce (Democratic) 61.14%
  • W. J. Lisle (Republican) 37.63%
  • J. T. Shackleford (Independent Greenback) 1.23%[84]
Tennessee 10 William R. Moore Republican 1880 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y H. Casey Young (Democratic) 51.09%
  • William M. Smith (Republican) 46.99%
  • C. M. Lambeth (Independent) 1.92%[85]

TexasEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Texas 1
Texas 2
Texas 3
Texas 4
Texas 5
Texas 6
Texas 7
Texas 8
Texas 9
Texas 10
Texas 11

VermontEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1 Charles H. Joyce Republican 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y John W. Stewart (Republican) 69.5%
  • Lyman W. Redington (Democratic) 26.7%
  • C. W. Kidder (Greenback) 3.8%[86]
Vermont 2 James M. Tyler Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
William W. Grout
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Republican 1880 Incumbent lost renomination.
Republican loss.

VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6
Virginia 7
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia at-large

West VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 Benjamin Wilson Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Nathan Goff Jr. (Republican) 52.24%
  • John H. Good (Democratic) 45.53%
  • Luther Shinn (Greenback) 2.24%[88]
West Virginia 2 John B. Hoge Democratic 1880 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
West Virginia 3 John E. Kenna Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John E. Kenna (Democratic) 47.86%
  • George Loomis (Republican) 42.33%
  • A. R. Barber (Greenback) 9.82%[90]
West Virginia 4 Vacant (new district) New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Eustace Gibson (Democratic) 47.86%
  • George Loomis (Republican) 42.33%
  • A. R. Barber (Greenback) 9.82%[91]

WisconsinEdit

Wisconsin elected nine members of congress on Election Day, November 7, 1882. One seat was newly added in reapportionment after the 1880 census.[92][93]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Wisconsin 1 Charles G. Williams Republican 1872 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Wisconsin 2 Lucien B. Caswell Republican 1874 Incumbent was redistricted to the 1st district.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Wisconsin 3 George C. Hazelton Republican 1876 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Wisconsin 4 Peter V. Deuster Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 5 Edward S. Bragg Democratic 1876 Incumbent was redistricted to the 2nd district.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Wisconsin 6 Richard W. Guenther Republican 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 7 Herman L. Humphrey Republican 1876 Incumbent was redistricted to the 8th district.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Wisconsin 8 Thaddeus C. Pound Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Wisconsin 9 New district. New district.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Isaac Stephenson (Republican) 47.4%
  • Gilbert L. Park (Democratic) 46.4%
  • H. H. Woodmansee (Prohibition) 5.4%
  • John Mehan (Greenback) 0.7%

Non-voting delegatesEdit

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Arizona Territory at-large Granville H. Oury Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Dakota Territory at-large Richard F. Pettigrew Republican 1880 Incumbent lost re-election.
New delegate elected.
Republican hold.
Idaho Territory at-large George Ainslie Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New delegate elected.
Republican gain.
Montana Territory at-large Martin Maginnis Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico Territory at-large Tranqulino Luna Republican 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Utah Territory at-large George Q. Cannon Republican 1872 Incumbent disqualified on account of polygamy.[6][7]
New delegate elected.[8]
Democratic gain.
Winner also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Washington Territory at-large Thomas H. Brents Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Wyoming Territory at-large Morton E. Post Democratic 1880 Incumbent re-elected.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Five states held early elections between June 5 and October 10.
  2. ^ a b Dubin (p. 263) counts 192 Democrats, 5 Readjusters, 2 Independent Democrats, 119 Republicans, 1 Liberal, 2 Greenbacks and 2 Independents (along with 2 vacancies) at the start of the 48th United States Congress.
  3. ^ There were two "Readjuster Democrats" elected to the previous congress in 1880.
  4. ^ a b Includes 4 Readjusters elected to Virginia's 2nd district, Virginia's 4th district, Virginia's 9th district, and Virginia's at-large seat.
  5. ^ Included 1 Independent Democrat.
  6. ^ Tyre York, elected to North Carolina's 7th district.
  7. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Republican, Theodore Lyman, elected to Massachusetts's 9th district.
  8. ^ Includes 2 Independent Democrats elected to Illinois's 2nd district and Kentucky's 1st district.
  9. ^ Readjusters had 4 seats, Independent Democrats had 3, Greenbacks had 2, Independents had 2, and Independent Republicans had 1.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h New seat or seats added without immediate redistricting.
  11. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Democrat.
  12. ^ a b c d e Elections held early.
  13. ^ a b c d Greenback Party
  14. ^ Changed from districts.
  15. ^ a b c Independent
  16. ^ Changed from at-large.
  17. ^ Previous election had 1 Greenback.
  18. ^ Previous election saw 2 "Readjuster Democrats" elected to Virginia's 7th district and Virginia's 9th district.
  19. ^ Includes 3 Independent Democrats elected to Illinois's 2nd district, Kentucky's 1st district, and North Carolina's 7th district.
  20. ^ Seated after successful electoral challenge.
  21. ^ Original victor was James R. Chalmers, but election was overturned by Congress.
  22. ^ a b Full name unknown
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i As "Liberal Anti-Prohibition"

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ 22 Stat. 5
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BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit