1878 German federal election

Federal elections were held in Germany on 30 July 1878.[1] The National Liberal Party remained the largest party in the Reichstag, with 99 of the 397 seats.[2] Voter turnout was 63.4%.[3]

1878 German federal election

← 1877 30 July 1878 (1878-07-30) 1881 →

All 397 seats in the Reichstag
199 seats needed for a majority
Turnout63.33% Increase 2.69pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Die Gartenlaube (1874) b 093 (cropped).jpg Ludwig Windthorst 1872 JS (cropped).jpg Otto von Helldorff.jpg
Leader Rudolf von Bennigsen Ludwig Windthorst Otto von Helldorff
Party NLP Centre DKP
Leader since 1867 26 May 1874 7 June 1876
Last election 26.67%, 127 seats 24.83%, 93 seats 9.59%, 40 seats
Seats won 97 94 59
Seat change Decrease30 Increase1 Increase19
Popular vote 1,291,161 1,315,720 736,826
Percentage 22.41% 22.84% 12.79%
Swing Decrease4.26% Decrease1.99% Increase3.20%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
DRP
DFP
Polen
Party DRP DFP Polish Party
Last election 7.85%, 38 seats 7.64%, 34 seats 4.00%, 14 seats
Seats won 57 26 14
Seat change Increase19 Decrease8 Steady
Popular vote 785,631 395,065 216,148
Percentage 13.64% 6.86% 3.75%
Swing Increase5.79% Decrease0.78% Decrease0.25%

Karte der Reichstagswahlen 1878.svg
Map of results (by constituencies)

President of the Reichstag before election

Max von Forckenbeck
NLP

Elected President of the Reichstag

Max von Forckenbeck
NLP

ResultsEdit

 
PartyVotes%+/–Seats+/–
Centre Party1,315,72022.84−1.9994+1
National Liberal Party1,291,16122.41−4.2697−30
German Reich Party785,63113.64+5.7957+19
German Conservative Party736,82612.79+3.2059+19
Socialist Workers' Party437,1587.59−1.559−4
German Progress Party395,0656.86−0.7826−8
Polish Party216,1483.75−0.25140
Alsace-Lorraine parties178,8833.11−0.59150
German-Hanoverian Party106,5551.85+0.2710+6
Independent liberals99,5111.73+0.527+2
Löwe-Berger Group78,1521.36−0.375−4
German People's Party68,8511.20+0.373−1
Danish Party16,1450.28−0.0410
Independent conservatives9,9360.17−0.2600
Old Liberals8,4960.15+0.0200
Christian Social Party3,2290.06New0New
Schleswig-Holstein Particularist Liberals2,2580.04−0.0600
Others10,3890.18–0.0500
Unknown8330.010.0000
Total5,760,947100.003970
Valid votes5,760,94799.65
Invalid/blank votes20,0490.35
Total votes5,780,996100.00
Registered voters/turnout9,128,30563.33
Source: Wahlen in Deutschland

Alsace-LorraineEdit

PartyVotes%+/–Seats+/–
Protesters70,52434.52−11.146−1
Clericals59,97029.36+2.105+2
Autonomists48,38923.69−1.164−1
German Reich Party24,43711.96+11.7500
German Conservative Party3430.17+0.1400
Socialist Workers' Party1410.07New0New
Others4780.23−0.3700
Total204,282100.00150
Valid votes204,28298.91
Invalid/blank votes2,2471.09
Total votes206,529100.00
Registered voters/turnout322,31064.08
Source: Wahlen in Deutschland

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p788
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p773