1876 Prohibition National Convention
The 1876 Prohibition National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at Halle's Hall, in Cleveland, Ohio on May 17, 1876, to select the Prohibition Party's presidential ticket for the 1876 presidential election.
|1876 presidential election|
|Date(s)||May 17, 1876|
|Presidential nominee||Green Clay Smith of Washington, D.C.|
|Vice presidential nominee||Gideon T. Stewart of Ohio|
On May 17, 1876, the national convention was called to open by party Secretary John Russell due to the absence of Chairman Simeon B. Chase and was attended by 150 delegates, which one source describes as "not largely attended". Green Clay Smith, the former Territorial Governor of Montana, was selected to serve as the temporary chairman of the convention. James H. Raper, a representative from the United Kingdom Alliance, gave a speech at the convention.
On the first ballot a variety of candidates split the 70 votes cast including Green Clay Smith with 28 votes, former presidential nominee James Black with 12, former vice presidential nominee John Russell with 8, R. A. Brown with 7, former New York Governor Myron H. Clark with 5, Gideon T. Stewart with 3, James G. Blaine with 2, and five others received a single vote each: former Portland Mayor Neal Dow, abolitionist and advocate for Native Americans Wendell Phillips, S. Merritt, W. D. Dodge and R. M. Foust. On the second ballot, Smith received a majority of 46 votes and was nominated as the party's presidential candidate. Stewart was selected to be the vice presidential nominee.
The platform drafted by the Platform Committee gave support to alcoholic prohibition in Washington, D.C., territories, and every state, equal suffrage and office eligibility regardless of race and gender, free public education, direct election of the president, vice president, and senators, increasing immigration, decreasing governmental salaries, and opposition to the death penalty, gambling, and lotteries. The delegates also voted to reaffirm their support for the party's platform that was created at the national convention during the 1872 presidential election.
- "National Prohibition Convention in Cleveland". Belmont Chronicle, Saint Clairsville, Ohio. May 17, 1876. p. 1. Retrieved 22 April 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- Smith, Joseph Patterson (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 351.
- "Page Thirty of Brief history of prohibition and of the prohibition reform party". p. 30. Archived from the original on March 24, 2020.
- "Page Thirty One of Brief history of prohibition and of the prohibition reform party". p. 31. Archived from the original on March 24, 2020.
- "Prohibition Presidential Ballot". The Summit County Beacon. May 24, 1876. p. 2. Archived from the original on March 24, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Page Thirty Two of Brief history of prohibition and of the prohibition reform party". p. 32. Archived from the original on March 24, 2020.
- "PROHIBITION PARTY". Encyclopedia of Cleveland History | Case Western Reserve University. 2018-06-18. Retrieved 2020-04-17.
- "Prohibition Conventions". Middletown Transcript. May 20, 1876. p. 2. Archived from the original on March 25, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.