1868 in Wales
- 13 January – The brig Albion runs aground off Whitford Point and is abandoned by her seven crew members, all of whom drown.
- 22 January – Sixteen vessels are lost in a gale off the Burry estuary, with a total of thirty lives lost.
- 1 February – At the bridge over the Severn at Caersws an approach embankment, damaged by flood water, collapses under a train. The driver and fireman are killed.
- July – Pastor Karl Herman Lunde begins fund-raising for the new Norwegian Seamen's Church in Cardiff.
- 4 August – Opening of the Bala and Dolgelly Railway, completing the Ruabon to Barmouth Line via Corwen and alongside Bala Lake.
- 20 August – 33 people die in a fire resulting from a collision between a mail train and a set of trucks at Llandulas station near Abergele, the greatest loss of life in a railway accident in Wales.
- October – Work begins on Nant-y-Ffrith reservoir.
- 2 December – The United Kingdom general election leaves Gladstone's Liberals the dominant party in Wales, with 21 seats.
- Among the Conservative members who lose their seats are Crawshay Bailey and Henry Austin Bruce, the latter replaced by two MPs for the expanded constituency of Merthyr Tydfil: Richard Fothergill and Henry Richard.
- Richard Davies becomes MP for Anglesey.
- Love Jones-Parry wins Caernarvonshire from Douglas Pennant.
- George Osborne Morgan is elected for the first time in Denbighshire.
- Farmers in Cardiganshire are evicted for returning a Liberal MP, Thomas Lloyd.
- John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute, sponsors restoration work at Caerphilly Castle.
- First publication of the Welsh-language periodical, Baner America, in the USA.
Arts and literatureEdit
- William Forbes Skene – The Four Ancient Books of Wales
- Robert Elis (Cynddelw) – Geiriadur Cymreig Cymraeg
- John Ceiriog Hughes – Oriau eraill
- Jabez Edmund Jenkins – Rhiangerdd – Gwenfron o'r Dyffryn
- Griffith Jones (Glan Menai) – Enwogion Sir Aberteifi
- Rhys Gwesyn Jones – Caru, Priodi, a Byw
- John Phillips (Tegidon) – Y Ddeilen ar y Traeth
- 13 April (in Birkenhead) – Caradoc Rees, politician (d. 1924)
- 29 May – Sydney Nicholls, Wales rugby international player (d. 1946)
- 10 June
- 2 August – Sir Alfred Edward Lewis, banker (d. 1940)
- 28 August – Thomas Charles Williams, minister (d. 1927)
- 28 November – Arthur Linton, cyclist (d. 1896)
- 29 December – William Owen Jones (Eos y Gogledd), musician (d. 1928)
- date unknown
- 13 January – John Parry, Mormon convert, 79
- 25 April – Sarah Williams, English novelist of Welsh parentage, 30
- 22 June – Owain Meirion, poet, 65
- 3 August – Edward Welch, architect (born 1806)
- 17 August – William Nevill, 4th Earl of Abergavenny, 76
- 11 September – Maria James, poet, 74
- 16 September – John Vaughan, ironmaster, 68
- 24 November – Sir John Dorney Harding, lawyer, 59
- date unknown
- Tovey, Ron. "A Chronology of Bristol Channel Shipwrecks" (PDF). Swansea Docks. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Impact of scour and flood risk on railway structures" (PDF). Rail Safety and Standards Board. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2006. Retrieved 18 May 2010.
- Virginia Hoel (2016). Faith, Fatherland and the Norwegian Seaman: The Work of the Norwegian Seamen's Mission in Antwerp and the Dutch Ports (1864–1920). Uitgeverij Verloren. p. 77. ISBN 978-90-8704-564-7.
- Lawrence Popplewell (1 November 1984). Gazetteer of the Railway Contractors and Engineers of Wales and the Borders, 1830-1914. Melledgen Press. p. 1867. ISBN 978-0-906637-06-7.
- Hume, Robert (2004). Death by Chance: The Abergele Train Disaster, 1868. Llanrwst: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch. ISBN 0-86381-900-1.
- George P. Rowell (1872). American Newspaper Directory: Containing Accurate Lists of All the Newspapers and Periodicals Published in the United States and Territories, and the Dominion of Canada and British Colonies of North America. Rowell. p. 165.
- Alan Conway (1 January 1961). The Welsh in America: Letters from the Immigrants. U of Minnesota Press. p. 331. ISBN 978-0-8166-5737-7.
- Ceredigion. Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society. 1972. p. 348.
- J.J. (1885). Harris, James (ed.). "Queries". The Red Dragon: The National Magazine of Wales. 8: 406.
- Cokayne, George E. (1910). Gibbs, Vicary (ed.). The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. I, Ab-Adam to Basing. London: St. Catherine Press. p. 44.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John (1887). Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biography. Page 399.
- Almond, J. K. "Vaughan, John [Jacky] (1799–1868)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/38091. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Robert Thomas Jenkins. "Jones, David (1803–1868), ballad-writer and strolling ballad-singer". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 30 December 2019.