The following lists events that happened during 1861 in Chile.
- President of Chile: Manuel Montt (until September 18), José Joaquín Pérez
- 16 July - Chilean presidential election, 1861
- December - Occupation of Araucanía
- 10 August - Rafael Valentín Errázuriz (d. 1923)
- 23 October - José María Linares (b. 1808)