1859 Ulster revival
The revival began in Kells and Connor in County Antrim. In late 1857, through the encouragement of the minister of Connor Presbyterian Church, John Hamilton Moore, four recent converts began meeting in the Kells National Schoolhouse for prayer and Bible study. 1 January 1858 saw the first person converted as a direct result of the prayer meeting, and by the end of 1858 the attendance was around fifty. By Spring 1859 there were 16 prayer meetings in the parish. The revival spread to Ahoghill in March 1859 and then to Ballymena.
Although the revival started with laymen, revival preachers such as Henry Grattan Guinness and Brownlow North soon got involved. On one occasion North preached to 12,000 people at Newtonlimavady. James Bain, pastor of the Congregational church at Straid, described a typical Sunday during the revival in the following terms:
Our Sabbath services are continuous, from nine in the morning until ten at night. We are engaged from nine to twelve in prayer meetings for the young, from twelve to two in public service, from two to four in prayer meetings, from five to eight in the evening service, and finally in our evening prayer meeting.
The revival was a largely Presbyterian phenomenon, but not all Presbyterians supported it. William Gibson, Moderator of the Presbyterian Church of Ireland in 1859, wrote a book about the revival called Year of Grace: A History of the Ulster Revival of 1859. However, another Presbyterian minister wrote a response to this called, The Year of Delusion.
J. Edwin Orr suggested that the 1859 revival "made a greater impact spiritually on Ireland, than anything else known since the days of St. Patrick." According to Ian Paisley, the revival explains why Northern Ireland is much more religiously conservative than the rest of the UK or Europe.
- Brooks, Richard. "Revival Snapshots – 1859 in Ulster". Evangelical Times. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Crawley, William (28 June 2009). "The 1859 Revival". BBC. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- "1859 Revival". Connor Presbyterian Church. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- "Kells and Connor to mark 1859 revival". Ballymena Times. 16 January 2009. Archived from the original on 24 April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- Burke, Gareth (27 January 2009). "The Beginning of the 1859 Revival in Ulster". Banner of Truth. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- Hampton, David; Hull, Myrtle (2004). Evangelical Protestantism in Ulster Society 1740–1890. p. 147. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- Shaw, Tom. "The 1859 Revival in Northern Ireland". oChristian.com. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- "The Ulster Revival of 1859". The Reformation Society. Retrieved 22 April 2017.