Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1856.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science

Insects edit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Osmylus picta[2]

Sp. nov




Baltic amber


A protosmyline Osmylid lance lacewing
Moved to "Protosmylus" picta (1913)
moved to Osmylidia picta (2021)

Vertebrates edit

Conodonts edit

Archosauromorphs edit

Newly named phytosaurs edit

Name Status Authors Notes


Nomen dubium


Dubious genus of phytosaur.

Newly named pseudosuchians edit

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images


Valid taxon.



A metriorhynchid thalattosuchian belong to Geosaurinae.


Newly named dinosaurs edit

References edit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Makarkin, V.N.; Archibald, S.B.; Mathewes, R.W. (2021). "New Protosmylinae (Neuroptera: Osmylidae) from the early Eocene of western North America, with taxonomic remarks". Zootaxa. 4980 (1): 142–156.
  3. ^ a b c Monographie der fossilen fische des silurischen systems des Russisch-baltischen gouvernements. CH Pander, 1856
  4. ^ Lea, I. 1856. Description of Centemodon sulcatus. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 10: pp. 77-78.
  5. ^ Quenstedt, F. A. 1856. Sonst und Jetzt. Populäre Vorträge über Geologie. Tübingen: Laupp. [pp. 128, 130].
  6. ^ a b c d e Leidy, J. 1856. Notices of the remains of extinct reptiles and fishes, discovered by Dr. F.V. Hayden in the badlands of the Judith River, Nebraska Territory. Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. 1856: pp. 72-72.
  7. ^ Rutimeyer. L. 1856. (Dinosaurus gresslyi). Biblio. Universelle Geneve Arch. September 1856: p. 53.
  8. ^ Rutimeyer. L. 1856. Reptilienknochen aus dem Keuper. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Ge samt. Naturwiss. Verh. 41: pp. 62-64.